Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science

2001 Edition
| Editors: Saul I. Gass, Carl M. Harris

Natural resources

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-0611-X_659


The field of natural resources covers various related areas : agriculture, fishing, forestry, mining. Though usually viewed separately, they share common problems, such as ecological concerns, use of scarce resources, and sustainability. There is also a common thread in what has happened in the last decade. On the one hand, driven in part by population growth and economic development, many natural resources are beginning to reach or exceed sustainable levels of exploitation, or in the case of non-renewable resources there are limits on known reserves. A second main issue is the new awareness of the need to preserve natural habitats, protect endangered species, provide water and air quality, and promote biodiversity. This has often led to serious conflicts between production goals and ecological impacts, with increased public participation in decision processes. A third basic issue is the emergence of global, competitive markets with the need to derive efficient production...

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidad de ChileSantiagoChile