Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science

2001 Edition
| Editors: Saul I. Gass, Carl M. Harris

Manpower planning

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-0611-X_573


Manpower (or, human resource) planning is concerned with the quantitative aspects of the supply of and demand for people in employment. At one extreme this might include the whole working population of a country but it has been most successful when applied to smaller, more homogeneous systems like individual firms or professions. The term manpower planning appears to date from the 1960s though many of the ideas can be traced back much further. A history of the subject from a UK perspective will be found in Smith and Bartholomew (1988). The literature of the subject is very scattered reflecting the diverse disciplinary origins of the practitioners but most of the technical material is to be found in the journals of operations research, probability and statistics. There was an initial surge of publication in the late 1960s and early 1970s and since then book length treatments include Grinold and Marshall (1977), Vajda (1978) and Bennison and Casson (1984). Bartholomew,...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. [1]
    Bartholomew, D.J., Forbes, A.F., and McClean, S.I. (1991). Statistical Techniques for Manpower Planning, 2nd ed., John Wiley, Chichester.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Bennison, M. and Casson, J. (1984). The Manpower Planning Handbook. McGraw-Hill, London.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Gass, S.I. (1991). “Military Manpower Planning Models,” Computers and OR, 18(1), 65–73.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Grinold, R.C. and Marshall, K.T. (1977). Manpower Planning Models. New York and Amsterdam: North-Holland. Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Klingman, D. and Phillips, N. (1984). “Topological and Computational Aspects of Preemptive Multicriteria Military Personnel Assignment Problems,” Management Science, 30, 1362–1375.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    Smith, A.R. and Bartholomew, D.J. (1988). “Manpower Planning in the United Kingdom: An Historical Review,” Jl. Operational Research Society, 9, 235–248.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    Vajda, S. (1978). Mathematics of Manpower Planning, John Wiley, Chichester.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The London School of Economics and Political ScienceLondonUK