Manpower (or, human resource) planning is concerned with the quantitative aspects of the supply of and demand for people in employment. At one extreme this might include the whole working population of a country but it has been most successful when applied to smaller, more homogeneous systems like individual firms or professions. The term manpower planning appears to date from the 1960s though many of the ideas can be traced back much further. A history of the subject from a UK perspective will be found in Smith and Bartholomew (1988). The literature of the subject is very scattered reflecting the diverse disciplinary origins of the practitioners but most of the technical material is to be found in the journals of operations research, probability and statistics. There was an initial surge of publication in the late 1960s and early 1970s and since then book length treatments include Grinold and Marshall (1977), Vajda (1978) and Bennison and Casson (1984). Bartholomew,...
- Bartholomew, D.J., Forbes, A.F., and McClean, S.I. (1991). Statistical Techniques for Manpower Planning, 2nd ed., John Wiley, Chichester.Google Scholar
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