Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science

2001 Edition
| Editors: Saul I. Gass, Carl M. Harris


Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-0611-X_559


For quite some time, logistics has accounted for a significant percentage of GNP (11% in 1990). In addition, a number of economic developments have highlighted logistics as an area amenable to large productivity improvements. To achieve them, given the intrinsic complexity of most logistics problems, has naturally lead to the use of operations research/management science (OR/MS) methodology.

OR/MS models and algorithms developed for strategic, tactical and operational logistics decisions date back to the 1950s (Dantzig and Fulkerson, 1954). The work of Geoffrion and Graves (1974)on strategic logistics system planning is representative of the forefront of the research and implementation efforts undertaken in the early 1970s. It involved the development of a model and an algorithm that determine the least cost design of a broad class of two-stage multicommodity distribution systems. This consisted of determining the facility locations, transportation flows and plant...

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Northeastern UniversityBostonUSA