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(1) In probability modeling, steady-state systems of equations for the state probabilities of a stochastic process found by equating transition rates. For Markov chains, such equations can be derived from the Kolmogorov differential equations or from the fact that the flow rate into a system state or level must equal the rate out of that state or level for steady state to be achieved. (2) In linear programming (usually referring to a production process model), constraints that express the equality of inflows and outflows of material. Markov chains.