Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science

2001 Edition
| Editors: Saul I. Gass, Carl M. Harris

Electroniccommerce

  • Edgar Sibley
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-0611-X_281

INTRODUCTION AND DEFINITIONS

Electronic Commerce (EC) has arisen because of rapid improvements in electronic and Information Systems (IS) technology, changes in organizational practice, and local laws, treaties, and international standards governing or affecting the movement of goods and data over borders ( transborder data flow). The definition of EC may be derived from that of normal commerce, as follows:

Commerce(noun): the exchange or buying and selling of commodities on a large scale involving transportation from place to place—Merriam-Webster

Electronic Commerce:

The use of information technology in providing an infrastructure with interfaces that allow communication for business and personal purposes

The buying, selling, and exchanging of information, products, and services via an electronic network (generally the Internet, Intranet, and its extensions).

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edgar Sibley
    • 1
  1. 1.George Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA