Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science

2001 Edition
| Editors: Saul I. Gass, Carl M. Harris

Agriculture and the foodindustry

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-0611-X_22

It is often difficult to determine where the agricultural sector of an economy ends and the nonagricultural sector begins. For the purpose of this article, the agricultural sector of the economy is defined as production and supply of agricultural inputs, the production of agricultural goods on farms and ranches, the processing and transportation of those goods, as well as the wholesaling and retailing of finished products. Defined in this way, the agricultural sector of the economy in the United States represents approximately 24% of the gross national product.

As with the nonagricultural sector of the economy, operations research was first used to solve agricultural problems in the 1940s and 50s. A Survey of Agricultural Economics Literature, Vol. 2: Quantitative Methods in Agricultural Economics, 1940s to 1970s traces the development of operations research in addressing problems of importance to agriculture (Judge et al., 1977). This work ranged from quantifying production functions...

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of MarylandCollege ParkUSA
  2. 2.McCormick and CompanySparksUSA