Encyclopedia of Operations Research and Management Science

2001 Edition
| Editors: Saul I. Gass, Carl M. Harris

Traffic analysis

  • Denos C. Gazis
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/1-4020-0611-X_1054

Traffic analysis has flourished over the last forty years or so, stimulated from the need to address the ever growing traffic problems of our cities around the world. In true scientific tradition, it has yielded an understanding of the fundamental characteristics of automobile traffic, which in turn spawned significant contributions in the management and optimization of traffic facilities. In what follows, we shall outline some of the most important developments in one area of traffic analysis, that of traffic flow, including certain associated queueing phenomena. Aspects of control of traffic networks are outside the scope of this article. An encyclopedic review of such aspects has been given by Gazis (1992).

A KINEMATICAL THEORY OF TRAFFIC FLOW

One of the earliest, and most durable, contributions to the understanding of traffic flow was given by Lighthill and Whitham (1955). They viewed the traffic as a special fluid which obeys some basic laws consistent with the physical nature of...
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References

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Denos C. Gazis
    • 1
  1. 1.PASHA Industries, KatonahNew YorkUSA