The genus Wolinella belongs to the family Helicobacteraceae (epsilon subclass of the Proteobacteria). There is only one species of the genus, W. succinogenes. The species formerly known as W. recta and W. curva have been re-classified as Campylobacter rectus and C. curvus (see [Phylogeny] and [Taxonomy]). W. succinogenes was isolated from bovine rumen fluid (see [Habitat and Isolation]) and can be identified and differentiated from other species by various morphological, biochemical and genetic methods (see [Identification]). The cells grow only by anaerobic respiration and do not ferment carbohydrates (see [Cultivation] and [Physiology]). Fumarate, nitrate, nitrite, nitrous oxide (N2O), polysulfide or dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) can serve as terminal electron acceptor with formate as the electron donor. Molecular hydrogen and, at least in fumarate respiration, sulfide are alternative electron donor substrates. The electron transport enzymes and the mechanism for generating...
KeywordsNitrite Reductase Terminal Electron Acceptor Formate Dehydrogenase Fumarate Reductase Benzyl Viologen
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