The Genus Serratia

  • Francine Grimont
  • Patrick A. D. Grimont


The genus Serratia a member of the Enterobacteriaceae (see Introduction to the Family Enterobacteriaceae from the second edition.), is comprised of a group of bacteria that are related both phenotypically and by DNA sequence. The type species of the genus is Serratia marcescens. Some species and biotypes of Serratia produce a nondiffusible red pigment, prodigiosin, or 2-methyl-3-amyl-6-methoxyprodigiosene (Williams and Qadri, 1980). The multiplication of red-pigmented Serratia was incriminated in the appearance of bloodlike spots (e.g., on bread, consecrated wafers [sacramental Hosts], and polenta) with rather disastrous sociological consequences. In this context, several scholars have traced the history of the genus Serratia back to antiquity (Gaughran, 1969; Harrison, 1924; Reid, 1936). However, several bacterial species outside the genus Serratia produce prodigiosin or prodigiosin-like pigments (Williams and Qadri, 1980) or many other kinds of red pigments, and the identity of...


Type Strain Serratia Marcescens Pyrroloquinoline Quinone Serratia Species Serratia Liquefaciens 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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  • Francine Grimont
  • Patrick A. D. Grimont

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