Advertisement

The Genus Serratia

  • Francine Grimont
  • Patrick A. D. Grimont

1

The genus Serratia a member of the Enterobacteriaceae (see Introduction to the Family Enterobacteriaceae from the second edition.), is comprised of a group of bacteria that are related both phenotypically and by DNA sequence. The type species of the genus is Serratia marcescens. Some species and biotypes of Serratia produce a nondiffusible red pigment, prodigiosin, or 2-methyl-3-amyl-6-methoxyprodigiosene (Williams and Qadri, 1980). The multiplication of red-pigmented Serratia was incriminated in the appearance of bloodlike spots (e.g., on bread, consecrated wafers [sacramental Hosts], and polenta) with rather disastrous sociological consequences. In this context, several scholars have traced the history of the genus Serratia back to antiquity (Gaughran, 1969; Harrison, 1924; Reid, 1936). However, several bacterial species outside the genus Serratia produce prodigiosin or prodigiosin-like pigments (Williams and Qadri, 1980) or many other kinds of red pigments, and the identity of...

Keywords

Type Strain Serratia Marcescens Pyrroloquinoline Quinone Serratia Species Serratia Liquefaciens 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Literature Cited

  1. Ackerman, L. J., Kishimoto, R. A., Emerson, J. S. 1971 Non-pigmented Serratia marcescens arthritis in a Teju (Tupinambis tequixin) American Journal of Veterinary Research 32 823–826PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Alford, L. R., Holmes, N. E., Scott, W. T., Vickery, J. R. 1950 Studies on the preservation of shell eggs Australian Journal of Applied Science 1 208–214Google Scholar
  3. Altemeier, W. A., Culbertson, W. R., Fullen, W. D., McDonough, J. J. 1969 Serratia marcescens septicemia A new threat in surgery. Archives of Surgery 99 232–238Google Scholar
  4. Barnum, D. A., Thackeray, E. L., Fish, N. A. 1958 An outbreak of mastitis caused by Serratia marcescens Canadian Journal of Comparative and Medical Veterinary Science 22 392–395Google Scholar
  5. Bascomb, S., Lapage, S. P., Willcox, W. R., Curtis, M. A. 1971 Numerical classification of the tribe Klebsielleae Journal of General Microbiology 66 279–295PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Bergan, T., Grimont, P. A. D., Grimont, F. 1983 Fatty acids of Serratia determined by gas chromatography Current Microbiology 8 7–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bergey, D. H., Harrison, F. C., Breed, R. S., Hammer, B. W., Huntoon, F. M. 1923 Bergey’s manual of determinative bacteriology Baltimore Williams & WilkinsGoogle Scholar
  8. Berkowitz, D. M., Lee, W. S. 1973 A selective medium for isolation and identification of Serratia marcescens Abstracts of the Annual Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology 1973 105Google Scholar
  9. Bizio, B. 1823 Lettera di Bartolomeo Bizio al chiarissimo canonico Angelo Bellani sopra il fenomeno della polenta porporina Biblioteca Italiana o sia Giornale di Letteratura Scienze a Arti 30 275–295Google Scholar
  10. Boam, G. W., Sanger, V. L., Cowan, D. F., Vaughan, D. P. 1970 Subcutaneous abscesses in iguanid lizards Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 157 617–619PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Bollet, C., Gulian, C., Mallet, M. N., Estrangin, E., de Micco, P. 1989 Isolation of Serratia rubidaea (Stapp) from fresh and spoiled coconuts Tropical Agriculture 66 342–345Google Scholar
  12. Bouvet, O. M. M., Grimont, P. A. D., Richard, C., Aldová, E., Hausner, O., Gabrhelová, M. 1985 Budvicia aquatica gen. nov., sp. nov.: a hydrogen sulfide-producing member of the Enterobacteriaceae International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 35 60–64Google Scholar
  13. Bouvet, O. M. M., Lenormand, P., Grimont, P. A. D. 1989 Taxonomic diversity of the D-glucose oxidation pathway in the Enterobacteriaceae International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 39 61–67Google Scholar
  14. Braun, V., Günter, H., Nuess, B., Tautz, C. 1985 Hemolytic activity of Serratia marcescens Archives of Microbiology. 141 371–376PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Breed, R. S., Breed, M. E. 1924 The type species of the genus Serratia, commonly known as Bacillus prodigiosus Journal of Bacteriology 9 545–557PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Breed, R. S., Breed, M. E. 1927 The genus Serratia Bizio Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde und Infektionskrankheiten, Abt. 2, 71 435–440Google Scholar
  17. Breed, R. S., Murray, E. G. D., Hitchens, A. P. 1948 Bergey’s manual of determinative bacteriology 6th ed. Baltimore Williams & WilkinsGoogle Scholar
  18. Breed, R. S., Murray, E. G. D., Smith, N. R. 1957 Bergey’s manual of determinative bacteriology 7th ed. Baltimore Williams & WilkinsGoogle Scholar
  19. Brigden, C. J., Furn, S., Wilkinson, S. G. 1985 Structural studies of neutral polymers isolated from the lipopolysaccharides of Serratia marcescens O6 (strain C. D. C. 862-57) and O12 (C.D.C. 6320-58) Carbohydrate Research 139 298–301PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Brigden, C. J., Wilkinson, S. G. 1983 Lipopolysaccharide from the O14 type strain of Serratia marcescens: structural studies of a polymeric fraction Carbohydrate Research 115 183–1901CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Brigden, C. J., Wilkinson, S. G. 1985 Structural studies of acidic glucomannans from strains of Serratia marcescens O14 and O6 Carbohydrate Research 138 267–276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Brisou, J., Cadeillan, J. 1959 Etude sur les Serratia Bulletin de l’Association des Diplomés de Microbiologie de la Faculté de Pharmacie de Nancy 75 34–39Google Scholar
  23. Brisou, B., Richard, C., Lenriot, A. 1972 Intérêt taxonomique de la recherche de la β-xylosidase chez les Enterobacteriaceae Annales de l’Institut Pasteur 123 341–347PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Bucher, G. E. 1959 Bacteria of grasshoppers of western Canada Journal of Insect Pathology 1 391–405Google Scholar
  25. Bucher, G. E. 1960 Potential bacterial pathogens of insects and their characteristics Journal of Insect Pathology 2 172–195Google Scholar
  26. Bucher, G. E. 1963a Nonsporulating bacterial pathogens 117–147 Steinhaus, E. A. (ed.) Insect pathology. An advanced treatise, vol. 2 New York Academic PressGoogle Scholar
  27. Bucher, G. E. 1963b Transmission of bacterial pathogens by the ovipositor of a hymenopterous parasite Journal of Insect Pathology 5 277–283Google Scholar
  28. Bucher, G. E., Stephens, J. M. 1959 Bacteria of grasshoppers of western Canada Journal of Insect Pathology 1 356–373Google Scholar
  29. Burnside, C. E. 1928 A septicemic condition of adult bees Journal of Economic Entomology 21 379–386Google Scholar
  30. Cabrera, H. A. 1969 An outbreak of Serratia marcescens and its control Archives of Internal Medicine 123 650–655PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Caldis, P. D. 1927 Etiology and transmission of endosepsis (internal rot) of the fruit of the fig Hilgardia 2 287–328Google Scholar
  32. Capponi, M., Sureau, P., Le Minor, L. 1956 Contribution á l’étude des salmonelles du Centre-Vietnam Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique 49 796–801Google Scholar
  33. Carter, G. R. 1973 Diagnostic procedures in veterinary microbiology Springfield, Illinois Charles C. Thomas.Google Scholar
  34. Cate, J. C. 1972 Isolation of Serratia marcescens from stools with an antibiotic plate 763–764 Hejzlar, M., Semonsky, M. and Masák, S. (ed.) Advances in antimicrobial and antineoplastic chemotherapy. Progress in research and clinical application. Proceedings of the 7th International Congress of Chemotherapy, vol. 1/2: Munich Berlin Vienna Urban & SchwarzenbergGoogle Scholar
  35. Colwell, R. R., Mandel, M. 1965 Adansonian analysis and deoxyribonucleic acid base composition of Serratia marcescens Journal of Bacteriology 89 454–461PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Combe, E. 1933 Etude comparative de trois bactéries chromogènes à pigment rouge: Serratia marcescens Bizio (Bacillus prodigiosus Flügge), Serratia kiliensis Comité S.B.A. (Bacterium h Breunig), Serratia esseyana n. sp. Combe (Bacille rouge d’Essey Lasseur) University of Nancy Nancy, FranceGoogle Scholar
  37. Daschner, F. D. 1980 The epidemiology of Serratia marcescens 187–196 von Graevenitz, A., and Rubin, S. J. (ed.) The genus Serratia Boca Raton CRC PressGoogle Scholar
  38. Dauenhauer, S. A., Hull, R. A., Williams, R. P. 1984 Cloning and expression in Escherichia coli of Serratia marcescens genes encoding prodigiosin biosynthesis Journal of Bacteriology 158 1128–1132PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Davis, B. R., Woodward, J. M. 1957 Some relationships of the somatic antigens of a group of Serratia marcescens cultures Canadian Journal of Microbiology 3 591–597PubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Denis, F. A., Blanchard, P. 1975 Enquête sur les porteurs intestinaux de Serratia Nouvelle Presse Médicale 4 2114–2115PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Deom, J., Mortelmans, J. 1953 Etude d’une souche pathogène de Serratia marcescens Revue d’Immunologie 17 394–398Google Scholar
  42. Ding, M. J., Williams, R. P. 1983 Biosynthesis of prodigiosin by white strains of Serratia marcescens isolated from patients Journal of Clinical Microbiology 17 476–480PubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Duran-Reynals, F., Clausen, H. J. 1937 A contagious tumor-like condition in the lizard (Anolis equestris) as induced by a new bacterial species, Serratia anolium (sp. n.) Journal of Bacteriology 33 369–379PubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. Ehrenberg, C. G. 1848 Communication presented at the plenary session of the Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences, October 26 346–362 Akademie der Wissenschaften zu BerlinGoogle Scholar
  45. Eisenberg, J. 1886 Bakteriologische Diagnostik Hülfs-Tabellen beim Praktischen Arbeiten. Hamburg Leopold VossGoogle Scholar
  46. El Sanoussi, S. M., El Sarag, M. S. A., Mohamed, S. E. 1987 Properties of Serratia marcescens isolated from diseased honeybee (Apis mellifera) larvae Journal of General Microbiology 133 215–219Google Scholar
  47. Ewing, W. H. 1963 An outline of nomenclature for the family Enterobacteriaceae International Bulletin of Bacteriological Nomenclature and Taxonomy 13 95–110Google Scholar
  48. Ewing, W. H. 1986 Edwards and Ewing’s Identification of Enterobacteriaceae 4th ed. Elsevier New YorkGoogle Scholar
  49. Ewing, W. H., Davis, B. R., Fife, M. A. 1972 Biochemical characterization of Serratia liquefaciens and Serratia rubidaea Atlanta Center for Disease ControlGoogle Scholar
  50. Ewing, W. H., Davis, B. R., Johnson, J. G. 1962 The genus Serratia: Its taxonomy and nomenclature International Bulletin of Bacteriological Nomenclature and Taxonomy 12 47–52Google Scholar
  51. Ewing, W. H., Davis, B. R., Reavis, R. W. 1959 Studies on the Serratia group Atlanta Center for Disease ControlGoogle Scholar
  52. Ewing, W. H., Davis, B. R., Fife, M. A., Lessel, E. F. 1973 Biochemical characterization of Serratia liquefaciens (Grimes and Hennerty) Bascomb et al. (formerly Enterobacter liquefaciens) and Serratia rubidea (Stapp) comb. nov. and designation of type and neotype strains International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 23 217–225Google Scholar
  53. Farmer, J. J., III. 1972a Epidemiological differentiation of Serratia marcescens: Typing by bacteriocin production Applied Microbiology 23 218–225PubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. Farmer, J. J., III. 1972b Epidemiological differentiation of Serratia marcescens: Typing by bacteriocin sensitivity Applied Microbiology 23 226–231PubMedGoogle Scholar
  55. Farmer, J. J., III. 1975 Lysotypie de Serratia marcescens Archives Roumaines de Pathologie Experimentale et de Microbiologie 34 189Google Scholar
  56. Farmer, J. J., III. Davis, B. R., Hickman-Brenner, F. W., McWhorter, A., Huntley-Carter, G. P., Asbury, M. A., Riddle, C., Wathen-Grady, H. G., Elias, C., Fanning, G. R., Steigerwalt, A. G., O’Hara, C. M., Morris, G. K., Smith, P. B., Brenner, D. J. 1985 Biochemical identification of new species and biogroups of Enterobacteriaceae isolated from clinical specimens Journal of Clinical Microbiology 21 46–76PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. Farmer, J. J., III. Davis, B. R., Hickman, F. H., Presley, D. B., Bodey, G. P., Negut, M., Bobo, R. A. 1976 Detection of Serratia outbreaks in hospital Lancet ii 455–459CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Farmer, J. J., III. Silva, F., Williams, D. R. 1973 Isolation of Serratia marcescens on deoxyribonuclease-toluidine blue-cephalothin agar Applied Microbiology 25 151–152PubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. Farrar, W. E. Jr. 1980 Antimicrobial susceptibility of clinical isolates, synergistic effects, and beta-lactamases of Serratia 121–138 von Graevenitz, A., and Rubin, S. J. (ed.) The genus Serratia Boca Raton CRC PressGoogle Scholar
  60. Feistner, G., Korth, H., Ko, H., Pulverer, G., Budzikiewicz, H. 1983 Ferrorosamine a from Erwinia rhapontici Current Microbiology 8 239–243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Fortineau, L. 1904 Erythrobacillus pyosepticus et bactéries rouges M. D. Thesis. Faculté de Médecine ParisGoogle Scholar
  62. Franczek, S. P., Williams, R. P., Hull, S. I. 1986 A survey of potential virulence factors in clinical and environmental isolates of Serratia marcescens Journal of Medical Microbiology 22 151–156PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Fuchs, R. L., McPherson, S. A., Drahos, D. J. 1986 Cloning of a Serratia marcescens gene encoding chitinase Applied and Environmental Microbiology 51 504–509PubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. Fulton, M., Forney, C. E., Leifson, E. 1959 Identification of Serratia occurring in man and animals Canadian Journal of Microbiology 5 269–275PubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. Gallois, A., Grimont, P. A. D. 1985 Pyrazines responsible for the potatolike odor produced by some Serratia and Cedecea strains Applied and Environmental Microbiology 50 1048–1051PubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. Gargallo, D., Lorèn, J. G., Guinea, J., Viñas, M. 1987 Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase alloenzymes and their relationship to pigmentation in Serratia marcescens Applied and Environmental Microbiology 53 1983–1986PubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. Gargallo-Viola, D. 1989 Enzyme polymorphism, prodigiosin production, and plasmid fingerprints in clinical and naturally occuring isolates of Serratia marcescens Journal of Clinical Microbiology 27 860–868PubMedGoogle Scholar
  68. Gargallo-Viola, D., Lopez, D. 1990 Numerical analysis of electrophoretic periplasmic protein patterns, a possible marker system for epidemiologic studies Journal of Clinical Microbiology 28 136–139PubMedGoogle Scholar
  69. Gaston, M. A., Duff, P. S., Pitt, T. L. 1988 Lipopolysaccharide heterogeneity in strains of Serratia marcescens agglutinated by O14 antiserum Current Microbiology 17 27–31CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Gaston, M. A., Pitt, T. 1989a O-Antigen specificities of the serotype strains of Serratia marcescens Journal of Clinical Microbiology 27 2697–2701PubMedGoogle Scholar
  71. Gaston, L. A., Pitt, T. 1989b Improved O-serotyping method for Serratia marcescens Journal of Clinical Microbiology 27 2702–2705PubMedGoogle Scholar
  72. Gaughran, E. R. L. 1969 From superstition to science: The history of a bacterium Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences 31 3–24PubMedGoogle Scholar
  73. Gavini, F., Ferragut, C., Izard, D., Trinel, P. A., Leclerc, H., Lefebvre, B., Mossel, D. A. A. 1979 Serratia fonticola, a new species from water International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 29 92–101Google Scholar
  74. Gavini, F., Izard, D., Leclerc, H., Desmonceaux, M., Gayral, J. P. 1980 Carbon source assimilation tests: comparison between a conventional method and a microtechnic (API), in study of Enterobacteriaceae Zbl. Bakt., I. Abt. Orig. C1 182–187Google Scholar
  75. Giammanco, G., Amato, R. 1982 Sulla presenza in Sicilia di una nuova specie di “Serratia” di recente descrizione L’Igiene Moderna 77 627–632Google Scholar
  76. Gill, V. J., Farmer III, J. J., Grimont, P. A. D., Asbury, M. A., McIntosh, C. L. 1981 Serratia ficaria isolated from human clinical specimen Journal of Clinical Microbiology 14 234–236PubMedGoogle Scholar
  77. Goldin, M., Shaffer, J. G., Brown, E. 1969 A new selective and differential medium for Serratia Bacteriological Proceedings 1969 96Google Scholar
  78. Gosden, P. E., Ware, G. C. 1976 The aerobic bacterial flora of the anal sac of the red fox Journal of Applied Bacteriology 41 271–275PubMedGoogle Scholar
  79. Goullet, P. 1978 Characterization of Serratia marcescens, S. liquefaciens, S. plymuthica, and S. marinorubra by the electrophoresis patterns of their esterases Journal of General Microbiology 108 275–281Google Scholar
  80. Goullet, P. 1981 Characterization of Serratia odorifera S. fonticola and S. ficaria by the electrophoresis patterns of their esterases Journal of General Microbiology 127 161–167Google Scholar
  81. Greenup, P., Blazevic, D. J. 1971 Antibiotic susceptibilities of Serratia marcescens and Enterobacter liquefaciens Applied Microbiology 22 309–314PubMedGoogle Scholar
  82. Grimes, M. 1961 Classification of the Klebsiella-Aerobacter group with special reference to the cold tolerant mesophilic Aerobacter types Intern. Bull. Bact. Nomen. Taxon. 11 111–129Google Scholar
  83. Grimes, M., Hennerty, A. J. 1931 A study of bacteria belonging to the sub-genus Aerobacter Scientific Proceedings of the Royal Dublin Society, New Series 20 89–97Google Scholar
  84. Grimont, F. 1977 Les bactériophages des Serratia et bactéries voisines Taxonomie et lysotypie. Thèse de Pharmacie. University of Bordeaux II Bordeaux, FranceGoogle Scholar
  85. Grimont, F., Grimont, P. A. D. 1986 Ribosomal ribonucleic acid gene restriction patterns as potential taxonomic tools Annales de l’Institut Pasteur, Microbiologie 137B 165–175Google Scholar
  86. Grimont, P. A. D. 1977 Le Genre Serratia Taxonomie et approche écologique. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Bordeaux I Bordeaux, FranceGoogle Scholar
  87. Grimont, P. A. D., Ageron, E. 1989 Enterobacter cancerogenus (Urosevic, 1966) Dickey and Zumoff 1988, a senior subjective synonym of Enterobacter taylorae Farmer et al. (1985) Research in Microbiology 140 459–465PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Grimont, P. A. D., Deval, C. 1982 Somatic and flagellar antigens of Serratia ficaria from the United States and the Mediterranean region Current Microbiology 7 363–366CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Grimont, P. A. D., Dulong de Rosnay, H., L. C. 1972 Numerical study of 60 strains of Serratia Journal of General Microbiology 72 259–268PubMedGoogle Scholar
  90. Grimont, P. A. D., Grimont, F. 1978a The genus Serratia Annual Review of Microbiology 32 221–248PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Grimont, P. A. D., Grimont, F. 1978b Biotyping of Serratia marcescens and its use in epidemiological studies Journal of Clinical Microbiology 8 73–83PubMedGoogle Scholar
  92. Grimont, P. A. D., Grimont, F. 1978c Proteinase zymograms of Serratia marcescens as an epidemiological tool Current Microbiology 1 15–18Google Scholar
  93. Grimont, P. A. D., Grimont, F. 1981 The genus Serratia p. 1187–1203. In: Starr, M. P., Stolp, H., Truper, H. G., Balows, A., and Schlegel, H. G. (ed.), The prokaryotes: A handbook on habitats, isolation, and identification of bacteria Springer-Verlag BerlinGoogle Scholar
  94. Grimont, P. A. D., Grimont, F. 1984 Genus Serratia Bizio 1823, 288AL, p. 477–484. In: Krieg, N. R., and Holt, J. G. (ed.), Bergey’s manual of systematic bacteriology, vol. 2 Williams and Wilkins BaltimoreGoogle Scholar
  95. Grimont, P. A. D., Grimont, F., Dulong de Rosnay, H. L. C. 1977a Characterization of Serratia marcescens, S. liquefaciens, S. plymuthica, and S. marinorubra by electrophoresis of their proteinases Journal of General Microbiology 99 301–310Google Scholar
  96. Grimont, P. A. D., Grimont, F., Dulong de Rosnay, H. L. C., Sneath, P. H. A. 1977b Taxonomy of the genus Serratia Journal of General Microbiology 98 39–66PubMedGoogle Scholar
  97. Grimont, P. A. D., Grimont, F., Irino, K. 1982a Biochemical characterization of Serratia liquefaciens sensu stricto, Serratia proteamaculans, and Serratia grimesii sp. nov Current Microbiology 7 69–74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Grimont, P. A. D., Grimont, F., Le Minor, S., Davis, B., Pigache, F. 1979a Compatible results obtained from biotyping and serotyping in Serratia marcescens Journal of Clinical Microbiology 10 425–432PubMedGoogle Scholar
  99. Grimont, P. A. D., Grimont, F., Lysenko, O. 1979b Species and biotype identification of Serratia strains associated with insects Current Microbiology 2 139–142Google Scholar
  100. Grimont, P. A. D., Grimont, F., Richard, C., Davis, B. R., Steigerwalt, A. G., Brenner, D. J. 1978a Deoxyribonucleic acid relatedness between Serratia plymuthica and other Serratia species with a description of Serratia odorifera sp. nov. (type strain: ICPB 3995) International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 28 453–463Google Scholar
  101. Grimont, P. A. D., Grimont, F., Starr, M. P. 1978b Serratia proteamaculans (Paine and Stansfield) comb. nov., a senior subjective synonym of Serratia liquefaciens (Grimes and Hennerty) Bascomb et al International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 28 503–510Google Scholar
  102. Grimont, P. A. D., Grimont, F., Starr, M. P. 1979c Serratia ficaria sp. nov a bacterial species associated with Smyrna figs and the fig wasp Blastophaga psenes. Current Microbiology 2 277–282Google Scholar
  103. Grimont, P. A. D., Grimont, F., Starr, M. P. 1981 Serratia species isolated from plants Current Microbiology 5 317–322CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Grimont, P. A. D., Irino, K., Grimont, F. 1982b The Serratia liquefaciens-S. proteamaculans-S. grimesii complex: DNA relatedness Current Microbiology 7 63–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Grimont, P. A. D., Jackson, T. A., Ageron, E., Noonan, M. J. 1988 Serratia entomophila sp. nov. associated with amber disease in the New Zealand grass grub Costelytra zealandica International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 38 1–6Google Scholar
  106. Groscop, J. A., Brent, M. M. 1964 The effects of selected strains of pigmented microorganisms on small free-living amoebae Canadian Journal of Microbiology 10 579–584PubMedGoogle Scholar
  107. Harpster, M. H., Dunsmuir, P. 1989 Nucleotide sequence of the chitinase B gene of Serratia marcescens QMB1466 Nucleic Acids Research 17 5395PubMedGoogle Scholar
  108. Harrison, F. C. 1924 The “miraculous” microorganism Transactions of the Royal Society of Canada 18 1–17Google Scholar
  109. Hechler, U., Van Den Weghe, M., Martin, H. H., Frére, J.-M. 1989 Overproduced β-lactamase and the outer-membrane barrier as resistance factors in Serratia marcescens highly resistant to β-lactamase-stable β-lactam antibiotics Journal of General Microbiology 135 1275–1290PubMedGoogle Scholar
  110. Hedges, R. W. 1980 R factors of Serratia 139–156 von Graevenitz, A., and Rubin, S. J. (ed.) The genus Serratia Boca Raton CRC PressGoogle Scholar
  111. Hefferan, M. 1904 A comparative and experimental study of bacilli producing red pigment Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, und Infektionskrankheiten, Abt. 2 11 311–317, 397–404, 456–475, 520–540Google Scholar
  112. Ismail, G., Som, F. M. 1982 Hemagglutination reaction and epithelial cell adherence activity of Serratia marcescens J. Gen. Appl. Microbiol. 28 161–168Google Scholar
  113. Iverson, K. L., Bromel, M. C., Anderson, A. W., Freeman, T. P. 1984 Bacterial symbionts in the sugar beet root maggot, Tetanops myopaeformis (von Röder) Applied and Environmental Microbiology 47 22–27PubMedGoogle Scholar
  114. Izawa, H., Nagabayashi, T., Kazuno, Y., Soekawa, M. 1971 Occurrence of death of chick embryos by Serratia marcescens infection Japanese Journal of Bacteriology 26 200–204PubMedGoogle Scholar
  115. Jackson, C. G. Jr., Fulton, M. 1976 A turtle colony epizootic apparently of microbial origin Journal of Wildlife Disease 6 466–468Google Scholar
  116. Jackson, T. A., Pearson, J. F. 1986 Control of the grass grub, Costelytra zealandica (White) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae), by application of the bacteria Serratia spp. causing honey disease Bulletin of Entomological Research 76 69–76CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. Janota-Bassalik, L. 1963 Psychrophiles in low-moor peat Acta Microbiologica Polonica 12 25–40Google Scholar
  118. Jessop, H. L., Lambert, P. A. 1985 Immunochemical characterization of the outer membrane complex of Serratia marcescens and identification of the antigens accessible to antibodies on the cell surface Journal of General Microbiology 131 2343–2348PubMedGoogle Scholar
  119. Jones, J. D., Grady, K. L., Suslow, T. V., Bedbrook, J. R. 1986 Isolation and characterization of genes encoding two chitinase enzymes from Serratia marcescens EMBO J. 5 467–473PubMedGoogle Scholar
  120. Joshi, S., Kozlowski, M., Richens, S., Comberbach, D. M. 1989 Chitinase and chitobiase production during fermentation of genetically improved Serratia liquefaciens Enzyme Microb. Technol. 11 289–296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Kamata, R., Yamamoto, T., Matsumoto, K., Maeda, H. 1985 A Serratial protease causes vascular permeability reaction by activation of the Hageman factor-dependent pathway in guinea pigs Infection and Immunity 48 747–753PubMedGoogle Scholar
  122. Kaska, M. 1976 The toxicity of extracellular proteases of the bacterium Serratia marcescens for larvae of greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 27 271CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Kisumi, M., Nakanishi, N., Takagi, T., Chibata, I. 1977 L-Histidine production by histidase-less regulatory mutants of Serratia marcescens constructed by transduction Applied and Environmental Microbiology 34 465–472PubMedGoogle Scholar
  124. Kisumi, M., Takagi, T., Chibata, I. 1978 Construction of an L-Arginine-producing mutant in Serratia marcescens: use of the wide substrate specificity of acetylornithinase Journal of Biochemistry Tokyo 84 881–890Google Scholar
  125. Komatsubara, S., Kisumi, M., Chibata, I. 1980 Transductional construction of an isoleucine-producing strain of Serratia marcescens Journal of General Microbiology 119 51–61PubMedGoogle Scholar
  126. Komatsubara, S., Kisumi, M., Chibata, I. 1983 Transductional construction of a threonine-hyperproducing strain of Serratia marcescens: lack of feedback controls of three aspartokinases and two homoserine dehydrogenases Applied and Environmental Microbiology 45 1445–1452PubMedGoogle Scholar
  127. Kreger, A. S., Griffin, O. K. 1975 Cornea-damaging proteases of Serratia marcescens Invest. Ophthalmol. 14 190PubMedGoogle Scholar
  128. Kushner, D. J., Harvey, G. T. 1962 Antibacterial substances in leaves: Their possible role in insect resistance to disease Journal of Insect Pathology 4 155–184Google Scholar
  129. Lahellec, C., Meurier, C., Bennejean, G., Catsaras, M. 1975 A study of 5920 strains of psychrotrophic bacteria isolated from chickens Journal of Applied Bacteriology 38 89–97PubMedGoogle Scholar
  130. Lakso, J. U., Starr, M. P. 1970 Comparative injuriousness to plants of Erwinia spp. and other enterobacteria from plants and animals Journal of Applied Bacteriology 33 692–707PubMedGoogle Scholar
  131. Legakis, N. J., Papavassiliou, J. Th., Xilinas, M. E. 1976 Inositol as a selective substrate for the growth of klebsiellae and serratiae Zentralblatt für Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde, Infektionskrankheiten, und Hygiene, Abt. 1 Orig., Reihe A 235 453–458Google Scholar
  132. Lehmann, K. B., Neumann, R. 1896 Atlas und Grundriss der Bakteriologie und Lehrbuch der speciellen bakteriologischen Diagnostik, Teil II Munich LehmannGoogle Scholar
  133. Le Minor, S., Benazet, F., Martin, L. 1983 Nouveaux facteurs antigéniques O (023) et H (H26) de Serratia marcescens Annales de Microbiologie, (Institut Pasteur) 134 B 447–449Google Scholar
  134. Le Minor, L., Chippaux, M., Pichinoty, F., Coynault, C., Piéchaud, M. 1970 Méthodes simples permettant de rechercher la tétrathionate-réductase en cultures liquides on sur colonies isolées Annales de l’Institut Pasteur 119 733–737Google Scholar
  135. Le Minor, S., Pigache, F. 1977 étude antigénique de souches de Serratia marcescens isolées en France Annales de Microbiologie 128B 207–214Google Scholar
  136. Le Minor, S., Pigache, F. 1978 Etude antigénique de souches de Serratia marcescens isolées en France Annales de Microbiologie 129B 407–423Google Scholar
  137. Le Minor, S., Sauvageot-Pigache, F. 1981 Nouveaux facteurs antigéniques H (H21–H25) et (021) de Serratia marcescens: subdivision des facteurs 05, 010, 016 Annales de Microbiologie (Institut Pasteur) 132 A 239–252Google Scholar
  138. Liu, P. V. 1961 Observation on the specificities of the extracellular antigens of the genera Aeromonas and Serratia Journal of General Microbiology 24 145PubMedGoogle Scholar
  139. Loiseau-Marolleau, M. L., Laforest, H. 1976 Contribution à l’étude de la flore bactérienne des aliments en milieu hospitalier Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses 6 160–171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. Lyerly, D., Gray, L., Kreger, A. 1981 Characterization of rabbit corneal damage produced by Serratia keratitis and by a Serratia protease Infection and Immunity 33 927–932PubMedGoogle Scholar
  141. Lyerly, D., Kreger, A. 1979 Purification and characterization of Serratia marcescens metalloprotease Infection and Immunity 24 411–421PubMedGoogle Scholar
  142. Lyerly, D., Kreger, A. 1983 Importance of serratia protease in the pathogenesis of experimental of Serratia marcescens pneumonia Infection and Immunity 40 113–119PubMedGoogle Scholar
  143. Lynch, D. L., Kenealy, W. R. 1976 A selective medium for the isolation of Serratia sp. from raw sewage Microbios Letters 1 35–37Google Scholar
  144. Lysenko, O. 1961 Pseudomonas—an attempt at a general classification Journal of General Microbiology 25 379–408PubMedGoogle Scholar
  145. Lysenko, O. 1976 Chitinase of Serratia marcescens and its toxicity to insects Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 27 385–386CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. Maeda, H., Molla, A., Oda, T., Katsuki, T. 1987 Internalization of serratial protease into cells as an enzyme-inhibitor complex with α2 macroglobulin and regeneration of protease activity and cytotoxicity Journal Biological Chemistry 262 10946–10950Google Scholar
  147. Maki, D. G., Hennekens, C. G., Phillips, C. W., Shaw, W. V., Bennet, J. V. 1973 Nosocomial urinary tract infection with Serratia marcescens: An epidemiologic study Journal of Infectious Diseases 128 579–587PubMedGoogle Scholar
  148. Mandel, M., Rownd, R. 1964 Deoxyribonucleic acid base composition in the Enterobacteriaceae: An evolutionary sequence 585–597 Leone, C. A. (ed.) Taxonomic biochemistry and serology New York Ronald PressGoogle Scholar
  149. Marre, R., Hacker, J., Braun, V. 1989 The cell-bound hemolysin of Serratia marcescens contributes to uropathogenicity Microbial Pathogenesis 7 153–156PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. Martinec, T., Kocur, M. 1960 The taxonomic status of Serratia plymuthica (Lehman and Neumann) Bergey et al. and of Serratia indica (Eisenberg) Bergey et al International Bulletin of Bacteriological Nomenclature and Taxonomy 10 247–254Google Scholar
  151. Martinec, T., Kocur, M. 1961a The taxonomic status of Serratia marcescens Bizio International Bulletin of Bacteriological Nomenclature and Taxonomy 11 7–12Google Scholar
  152. Martinec, T., Kocur, M. 1961b A taxonomic study of the members of the genus Serratia International Bulletin of Bacteriological Nomenclature and Taxonomy 11 73–78Google Scholar
  153. Martinec, T., Kocur, M. 1961c Contribution to the taxonomic studies of Serratia kiliensis (Lehmann and Neumann) Bergey International Bulletin of Bacteriological Nomenclature and Taxonomy 11 87–90Google Scholar
  154. Martinec, T., Kocur, M. 1961d Taxonomická studie rodu Serratia Folia Facultatis Scientarum Naturalium Universitalis Purkynianae Brunensis 2 1–77Google Scholar
  155. Martinez, J. L., Cercenado, E., Baquero, E., Pérez-Diaz, J. C., Delgado-Iribarren, A. 1987 Incidence of aerobactin production in Gram-negative hospital isolates FEMS Microbiology Letters 43 351–353CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  156. Matsumoto, K., Maeda, H., Takata, K., Kamata, R., Okamura, R. 1984 Purification and characterization of four proteases from a clinical isolate of Serratia marcescens kums 3958 Journal of Bacteriology 157 225–232PubMedGoogle Scholar
  157. Matsumoto, H., Tazaki, T., Hosogaya, S. 1973 A generalized transducing phage of Serratia marcescens Japanese Journal of Microbiology 17 473–479PubMedGoogle Scholar
  158. Matsumoto, K., Yamamoto, T., Kamata, R., Maeda, H. 1984 Pathogenesis of Serratial infection: activation of the Hageman factor-prekallikein cascade by Serratial protease Journal of Biochemistry 96 739–749PubMedGoogle Scholar
  159. Matsuyama, T., Murakami, T., Fujita, M., Fujita, S., Yano, I. 1986 Extracellular vesicle formation and biosurfactant production by Serratia marcescens Journal of General Microbiology 132 865–875Google Scholar
  160. McCoy, R. H., Scidler, R. J. 1973 Potential pathogens in the environment: Isolation, enumeration, and identification of seven genera of intestinal bacteria associated with small green pet turtles Applied Microbiology 25 534–538PubMedGoogle Scholar
  161. McGeer, A., Low, D. E., Penner, J., Ng, J., Goldman, C., Simor, A. E. 1990 Use of molecular typing to study the epidemiology of Serratia marcescens Journal of Clinical Microbiology 28 55–58PubMedGoogle Scholar
  162. Molla, A., Akaike, T., Maeda, H. 1989 Inactivation of various proteinase inhibitors and the complement system in human plasma by the 56-Kilodalton proteinase Infection and Immunity 57 1868–1871PubMedGoogle Scholar
  163. Molla, A., Matsumoto, K., Oyamada, I., Katsuki, T., Maeda, H. 1986 Degradation of protease inhibitors, immunoglobulins, and other serum proteins by Serratia protease and its toxicity to fibroblasts in culture Infection and Immunity 53 522–529PubMedGoogle Scholar
  164. Müller, H. E., Steigerwalt, A. G., Brenner, D. J. 1986 Isolation of Serratia fonticola from birds Zbl. Bakt. Hyg. A 261 212–218Google Scholar
  165. Negut, M., Davis, B. R., Farmer III, J. J. 1975 Différenciation épidémiologique de Serratia marcescens: Comparaison entre lysotypie et sérotypie Archives Roumaines de Pathologie Expérimentale et de Microbiologie 34 189Google Scholar
  166. Ohshima, Y., Ohtomo, T., Yoshida, K. 1984 Encapsulation and mouse-virulence of Serratia marcescens strain SM-1 and its variants in relation to colonial morphology Acta Microbiologica Hungarica 31 55–60PubMedGoogle Scholar
  167. Old, D. C., Adegbola, R., Scott, S. S. 1983 Multiple fimbrial haemagglutinins in Serratia species Med. Microbiol. Immunol. 172 107–115PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. Olexy, V. M., Mucha, D. K., Bird, T. J., Grieble, H. G., Farrand, S. K. 1982 An R plasmid of Serratia marcescens transferable to Pseudomonas aeruginosa Chemotherapy 28 6–17PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. O’Meara, R. A. Q. 1931 A simple, delicate and rapid method of detecting the formation of acetylmethylcarbinol by bacteria fermenting carbohydrate Journal of Pathology and Bacteriology 34 401CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  170. Oxley, D., Wilkinson, S. G. 1988a Studies of lipopolysaccharides from two strains (C.D.C. 3607–60 and IP 421) of Serratia marcescens O13: structure of the putative O13 antigen Carbohydrate Research 172 275–286PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. Oxley, D., Wilkinson, S. G. 1988b Structural studies of glucorhamnans isolated from the lipopolysaccharides of reference strains for Serratia marcescens serogroups O4 and O7, and of an O14 strain Carbohydrate Research 175 111–117PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  172. Paillot, A. 1916 Existence de plusieurs variétés et races de Coccobacilles dans les septicémies naturelles du Hanneton Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l’Académie des Sciences 163 531–534Google Scholar
  173. Paine, S. G., Berridge, E. M. 1921 Studies in bacteriosis V. Further investigation of a suggested bacteriolytic action in Protea cynaroides affected with the leaf-spot disease. Annals of Applied Biology 8 20–26Google Scholar
  174. Paine, S. G., Stansfield, H. 1919 Studies in bacteriosis Annals of Applied Biology 6 27–39CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  175. Parès, Y. 1964 Action de Serratia marcescens dans le cycle biologique des métaux Annales de l’Institut Pasteur 107 136–141Google Scholar
  176. Perestelo, F., Falcon, M. A., De La Fuente, G. 1989 Production of vanillic acid from vanillin by resting cells of Serratia marcescens Applied and Environmental Microbiology 55 1660–1662PubMedGoogle Scholar
  177. Pesson, P., Toumanoff, C., Haradas, C. 1955 Etude des épizooties bactériennes observées dans les élevages d’insectes xylophages (Rhyncolus porcatus Germain, Scolytus scolytus Fabricius, Scolytus (Scolytochelus) multistriatus Marsham) Annales des Epiphyties 6 315–328Google Scholar
  178. Phaff, H. J., Miller, M. W. 1961 A specific microflora associated with the fig wasp, Blastophaga psenes Linnaeus Journal of Insect Pathology 3 233–243Google Scholar
  179. Podgwaite, J. D., Cosenza, B. J. 1976 A strain of Serratia marcescens pathogenic for larvae of Lymantria dispar: Infectivity and mechanisms of pathogenicity Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 27 199–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  180. Poole, K., Schiebel, E., Braun, V. 1988 Molecular characterization of the hemolysin determinant of Serratia marcescens 170 3177–3188Google Scholar
  181. Quesenberry, K. E., Short, B. G. 1983 Serratia marcescens infection in a blue and gold macaw Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association Chicago 183 1302–1303Google Scholar
  182. Reid, R. D. 1936 Studies on bacterial pigmentation Journal of Bacteriology 31 205–210PubMedGoogle Scholar
  183. Reid, J. D., Stoufer, S. D., Ogrydziak, D. M. 1982 Efficient transformation of Serratia marcescens with pBR322 plasmid DNA Gene 17 107–112PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  184. Reissbrodt, R., Rabsch, W. 1988 Further differentiation of Enterobacteriaceae by means of siderophore-pattern analysis Zbl. Bakt. Hyg. A 268 306–317Google Scholar
  185. Richard, C. 1972 Méthode rapide pour l’étude des réactions de rouge de méthyle et Voges-Proskauer Annales de l’Institut Pasteur 122 979–986Google Scholar
  186. Roussel, A., Lucas, A., Bouley, G. 1969 Serratia marcescens (Bacillus prodigiosus), une bactérie de la pathologie comparée Revue de Pathologie Comparée et de Médecine Expérimentale 6 27–29Google Scholar
  187. Sakazaki, R. 1974 Genus IX. Serratia Bizio 1823, 288, 326 Buchanan, R. E., and Gibbons, N. E. (ed.) In: Bergey’s manual of determinative bacteriology, 8th ed Baltimore Williams & WilkinsGoogle Scholar
  188. Salceda, S. R., Lapuz, J., Vizconde, R. 1973 Serratia marcescens endophthalmitis Arch. Ophthalmol. 89 163PubMedGoogle Scholar
  189. Schaberg, D. R., Alford, R. H., Anderson, R., Farmer III, J. J., Melly, M. A., Schaffner, W. 1976 An outbreak of nosocomial infection due to multiply resistant Serratia marcescens: Evidence of interhospital spread Journal of Infectious Diseases 134 181–188PubMedGoogle Scholar
  190. Schiebel, E., Braun, V. 1989 Integration of the Serratia marcescens haemolysin into human erythrocyte membranes Molecular Microbiology 3 445–453PubMedGoogle Scholar
  191. Sedlák, J., Dlabač, V., Motlikova, M. 1965 The taxonomy of the Serratia genus Journal of Hygiene, Epidemiology, Microbiology, and Immunology 9 45–53Google Scholar
  192. Shinde, P. A., Lukezic, F. L. 1974 Characterization and serological comparisons of bacteria of the genus Erwinia associated with discolored alfafa roots Phytopathology 64 871–876CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  193. Sifuentes-Osornio, J., Ruiz-Palacios, G. M., Gröschel, D. H. 1986 Analysis of epidemiologic markers of nosocomial Serratia marcescens isolates with special reference to the Grimont biotyping system Journal of Clinical Microbiology 23 230–234PubMedGoogle Scholar
  194. Sifuentes-Osornio, J., Gröschel, D. H. 1987 Modification of Grimont biotyping system for epidemiologic studies with nosocomial Serratia marcescens isolates Journal of Clinical Microbiology 25 567–568PubMedGoogle Scholar
  195. Skerman, V. B. D., McGowan, V., Sneath, P. H. A. 1980 Approved lists of bacteria names International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 30 225–420Google Scholar
  196. Slatten, B. H., Larson, A. D. 1967 Mechanism of pathogenicity of Serratia marcescens I. Virulence for the adult boll weevil Journal of Invertebrate Pathology 9 78–81CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  197. Slotnick, I. J., Dougherty, M. 1972 Erythritol as a selective substrate for the growth of Serratia marcescens Applied Microbiology 24 292–293PubMedGoogle Scholar
  198. Smith, R. E., Hansen, H. N. 1931 Fruit spoilage of figs University of California Agricultural Station, Bulletin 506 1–84Google Scholar
  199. Smith, R. E., Reynolds, I. M. 1970 Serratia marcescens associated with bovine abortion Journal of the American Veterinary Medicine Association 157 1200–1203Google Scholar
  200. Stanier, R. Y., Palleroni, N. J., Doudoroff, M. 1966 The aerobic pseudomonads: A taxonomic study Journal of General Microbiology 43 159–271PubMedGoogle Scholar
  201. Stapp, C. 1940 Bacterium rubidaeum nov. spec Zentralbl. Bakteriol. Abt. 2 102 251–260Google Scholar
  202. Starr, M. P., Grimont, P. A. D., Grimont, F., Starr, P. B. 1976 Caprylate-thallous agar medium for selectively isolating Serratia and its utility in the clinical laboratory Journal of Clinical Microbiology 4 270–276PubMedGoogle Scholar
  203. Steigerwalt, A. G., Fanning, G. R., Fife-Asbury, M. A., Brenner, D. J. 1976 DNA relatedness among species of Enterobacter and Serratia Canadian Journal of Microbiology 22 121–137PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  204. Steinhaus, E. A. 1941 A study of the bacteria associated with thirty species of insects Journal of Bacteriology 42 757–789PubMedGoogle Scholar
  205. Steinhaus, E. A. 1959 Serratia marcescens Bizio as an insect pathogen Hilgardia 28 351–380Google Scholar
  206. Stephens, J. M. 1959 Immune responses of some insects to some bacterial antigens Canadian Journal of Microbiology 5 203–228PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  207. Stephens, J. M. 1963 Bactericidal activity of hemolymph of some normal insects Journal of Insect Pathology 5 61–65Google Scholar
  208. Stucki, G., Jackson, T. A. 1984 Isolation and characterisation of Serratia strains pathogenic for larvae of the New Zealand grass grub Costelytra zealandica New Zealand Journal of Science 27 255–260Google Scholar
  209. Tagaki, T., Kisumi, M. 1985 Isolation of a versatile Serratia marcescens mutant as a host and molecular cloning of the aspartase gene Journal of Bacteriology 161 1–6Google Scholar
  210. Traub, W. H. 1972a Bacteriocin typing of Serratia marcescens isolates of known serotype-group Applied Microbiology 23 979–981PubMedGoogle Scholar
  211. Traub, W. H. 1972b Continued surveillance of Serratia marcescens infections by bacteriocin typing: Investigation of two outbreaks of cross-infection in an intensive care unit Applied Microbiology 23 982–985PubMedGoogle Scholar
  212. Traub, W. H. 1980 Bacteriocin and phage typing of Serratia 79–100 von Graevenitz, A., and Rubin, S. J. (ed.) The genus Serratia Boca Raton CRC PressGoogle Scholar
  213. Traub, W. H. 1981 Serotyping of Serratia marcescens: confirmation of five recently described new O antigens and characterization of an additional O antigen Zbl Bakt. Hyg., I. Abt. Orig. A 250 307–311Google Scholar
  214. Traub, W. H. 1982 Opsonization requirements of Serratia marcescens Zbl. Bakt. Hyg., I. Abt. Orig. A 253 204–224Google Scholar
  215. Traub, W. H. 1983 Passive protection of NMRI mice against Serratia marcescens: comparative efficacy of commercial human IgG immunoglobulin preparations and rabbit anti-O,-H,-K,-Life cell and-protease immune sera Zbl. Bakt. Hyg., I. Abt. Orig. A 254 480–488Google Scholar
  216. Traub, W. H. 1985 Serotyping of Serratia marcescens: identification of a new O-antigen (O24) Zbt. Bakt. Hyg., I. Abt. Orig. A 259 485–488Google Scholar
  217. Traub, W. H., Bauer, D. 1985 Degradation of human fibronectin by metalloproteases of Serratia marcescens Zbl. Bakt. Hyg. A 259 461–467Google Scholar
  218. Traub, W. H., Fukushima, P. I. 1979a Further characterization of “promptly” and “delayed” human serum-sensitive strains of Serratia marcescens: simplified tube O-agglutination test and comparison with other serological procedures Zbt. Bakt. Hyg., I. Abt. Orig. A 245 495–511Google Scholar
  219. Traub, W. H., Fukushima, P. I. 1979b Serotyping of Serratia marcescens: simplified tube O-agglutination test and comparison with other serological procedures Zbt. Bakt. Hyg., I. Abt. Orig. A 244 474–493Google Scholar
  220. Traub, W. H., Kleber, I. 1976 Selective activation of classical and alternative pathways of human complement by “promptly serum-sensitive” and “delayed serum-sensitive” strains of Serratia marcescens Infection and Immunity 13 1343–1346PubMedGoogle Scholar
  221. Traub, W. H., Kleber, I. 1977 Serotyping of Serratia marcescens Evaluation of Le Minor’s H-immobilization test and description of three new flagellar H antigens. Journal of Clinical Microbiology 5 115–121Google Scholar
  222. Traub, W. H., Raymond, E. A., Startsman, T. S. 1971 Bacteriocin (marcescin) typing of clinical isolates of Serratia marcescens Applied Microbiology 21 837–840PubMedGoogle Scholar
  223. Traub, W. H., Spohr, M., Bauer, D. 1983 Resistance-plasmid-and protease-independent murine virulence of a multiple-drug-resistant strain of Serratia marcescens Zbl. Bakt. Hyg. A 256 184–195Google Scholar
  224. Trias, J., Viñas, M., Guinea, J., Loren, J. G. 1988 Induction of yellow pigmentation in Serratia marcescens Applied and Environmental Microbiology 54 3138–3141PubMedGoogle Scholar
  225. Trought, T. E. T., Jackson, T. A., French, R. A. 1982 The incidence and transmission of a disease of grass grub (Costelytra zealandica) in Canterbury N. Z. J. Exp. Agric. 10 79–82Google Scholar
  226. Véron, M. 1975 Nutrition et taxonomie des Enterobacteriaceae et bactéries voisines Annales de Microbiologie 126A 267–274Google Scholar
  227. Virca, G. D., Lyerly, D., Kreger, A., Travis, J. 1982 Inactivation of human plasma α-proteinase inhibitor by a metalloproteinase from Serratia marcescens Biochimica Biophysica Acta 704 267–271Google Scholar
  228. von Graevenitz, A. 1977 The role of opportunistic bacteria in human disease Annual Review of Microbiology 31 447–471CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  229. von Graevenitz, A. 1980 Infection and colonization with Serratia 167–186 von Graevenitz, A., and Rubin, S. J. (ed.) The genus Serratia Boca Raton CRC PressGoogle Scholar
  230. Ward, P. A., Chapitis, J., Conroy, M. C., Lepow, I. H. 1973 Generation by bacterial proteinases of leukotactic factors from human serum, and human C3 and C5 Journal of Immunology 110 1003–1009Google Scholar
  231. Wasserman, H. H., Keggi, J. J., McKeon, J. E. 1961 Serratamolide, a metabolic product of Serratia Journal of the American Chemical Society 83 4107–4108CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  232. White, G. F. 1923a Hornworm septicemia Journal of Agricultural Research 26 447–486Google Scholar
  233. White, G. F. 1923b Cutworm septicemia Journal of Agricultural Research 26 487–496Google Scholar
  234. Wijewanta, E. A., Fernando, M. 1970 Infection in goats owing to Serratia marcescens Veterinary Record 87 282–284PubMedGoogle Scholar
  235. Williams, R. P., Hearn, W. R. 1967 Prodigiosin 410–449 Gottlieb, D. and Shaw, P. D. (ed.) Antibiotics, vol. 2 Springer-Verlag BerlinGoogle Scholar
  236. Williams, R. P., Qadri, S. M. H. 1980 The pigment of Serratia 31–79 von Graevenitz, A., and Rubin, S. J. (ed.) The genus Serratia Boca Raton CRC PressGoogle Scholar
  237. Wilson, C. D. 1963 The microbiology of bovine mastitis in Great Britain Bulletin de l’Office International des Epizooties 60 533–551Google Scholar
  238. Wright, C., Kominos, S. D., Yee, R. B. 1976 Enterobacteriaceae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa recovered from vegetable salads Applied and Environmental Microbiology 31 453–454PubMedGoogle Scholar
  239. Yamamoto, T., Ariyoshi, A., Amako, K. 1985 Fimbria-mediated adherance of Serratia marcescens strain US5 to human urinary bladder surface Microbiol. Immunol. 29 677–681PubMedGoogle Scholar
  240. Yu, V. L. 1979 Serratia marcescens New Engl. J. Med. 300 887–893PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  241. Zimmermann, L., Angerer, A., Braun, V. 1989 Mechanistically novel iron (III) transport system in Serratia marcescens Journal of Bacteriology 171 238–243PubMedGoogle Scholar
  242. ZoBell, C. E., Upham, H. C. 1944 A list of marine bacteria including descriptions of sixty new species Bulletin of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography 5 239–281Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francine Grimont
  • Patrick A. D. Grimont

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations