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New Members of the Family Enterobacteriaceae

  • J. Michael Janda

In the last edition of this chapter, Don Brenner (Brenner, 1991) wrote:

“They are, nonetheless, important for a variety of reasons. They have innate importance as members of the family, to be compared and contrasted with their relatives, in attempts to define the phenotypic, phylogenetic, and ecological boundaries of the family.”

No words better define the current edition of this chapter as the number of genera of Enterobacteriaceae has risen 60%, from 15 to 24 (excluding Raoultella). This current list of 24 genera does not even include such organisms as Alterococcus agarolyticus and Saccharobacter fermentatus, taxa that are not formally discussed in this chapter, although they possess some characteristics associated with the family Enterobacteriaceae (Yaping et al., 1990; Shieh and Jean, 1998).

The exponential increase in new genera within the family Enterobacteriaceae has been fueled by molecular biology, including polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technology and 16S (small subunit)...

Keywords

Type Strain Ornithine Decarboxylase Enteric Group Arginine Dihydrolase Enterobacterial Common Antigen 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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