Dimorphic Prosthecate Bacteria: The Genera Caulobacter, Asticcacaulis, Hyphomicrobium, Pedomicrobium, Hyphomonas and Thiodendron

  • Jeanne S. Poindexter
Reference work entry

Rationale for Clustering Caulobacter, Asticcacaulis, Hyphomicrobium, Pedomicrobium, Hyphomonas and Thiodendron

The genera treated together here comprise the dimorphic prosthecate bacteria (DPB), in which reproduction regularly results in the separation of two cells that are morphologically and behaviorally different from each other (Fig. 1). One sibling is nonmotile and prosthecate, possessing at least one elongated, cylindrical appendage that is an outgrowth of the cell surface, including the outer membrane, the peptidoglycan layer, and the cell membrane, and that may also include cytoplasmic elements such as ribosomes; such an appendage is a prostheca (Staley, 1968). In natural populations, this prosthecate cell is usually also sessile by virtue of adhesive material associated with a cell pole or with the prostheca. The other sibling is flagellated, bearing (typically) one polar or subpolar flagellum, by means of which it is actively motile. This mode of reproduction is unique as a...


Enrichment Culture Natural Sample Swarmer Cell Motile Stage Total Microbial Count 
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© Springer-Verlag 2006

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  • Jeanne S. Poindexter

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