The Prokaryotes pp 1002-1021 | Cite as

The Family Lachnospiraceae, Including the Genera Butyrivibrio, Lachnospira and Roseburia

  • Michael Cotta
  • Robert Forster

Literature Cited

  1. Akin, D. E., W. S. Borneman, L. L. Rigsby, and S. A. Martin. 1993 p-coumaroyl and feruloyl arabinoxylans from plant cell walls as substrates for ruminal bacteria Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 59 644–647PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Attwood, G. T., A. V. Klieve, D. Ouwerkerk, and B. K. C. Patel. 1998 Ammonia-hyperproducing bacteria from New Zealand ruminants Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64 1796–1804PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Beard, C. E., M. A. Hefford, R. J. Forster, S. Sontakke, R. M. Teather, and K. Gregg. 1995 A stable and efficient transformation system for Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens OB156 Curr. Microbiol. 30 105–109PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Beard, C. E., K. Gregg, M. Kalmokoff, and R. M. Teather. in press Construction of a promoter-rescue plasmid for Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens, and its use in characterization of a flagellin promoter Curr. Microbiol.Google Scholar
  5. Berger, E., W. A. Jones, D. T. Jones, and D. R. Woods. 1990 Sequencing and expression of a cellodextrinase (ced 1) gene from Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens H17c cloned in Escherichia coli Mol. Gen. Genet. 223 310–318PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Blackburn, T. H., and P. N. Hobson. 1962 Further studies on the isolation of proteolytic bacteria from the sheep rumen J. Gen. Microbiol. 29 69–81PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Bladen, H. A., M. P. Bryant, and R. N. Doetsch. 1961 A study of bacterial species from the rumen which produce ammonia from protein hydrolyzate Appl. Microbiol. 9 175–180PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Brown, D. W., and W. E. C. Moore. 1960 Distribution of Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens in nature J. Dairy Sci. 43 1570–1574Google Scholar
  9. Bryant, M. P., and N. Small. 1956a The anaerobic monotrichous butyric acid-producing curved rod-shaped bacteria of the rumen J. Bacteriol. 72 16–21PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Bryant, M. P., and N. Small. 1956b Characteristics of two new genera of anaerobic curved rods isolated from the rumen of cattle J. Bacteriol. 72 22–26PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Bryant, M. P., B. F. Barrentine, J. F. Sykes, I. M. Robinson, C. V. Shawver, and L. W. Williams. 1960 Predominant bacteria in the rumen of cattle on bloat-provoking Ladino clover pasture J. Dairy Sci. 43 1435–1444Google Scholar
  12. Bryant, M. P., and I. M. Robinson. 1962 Some nutritional characteristics of predominant culturable ruminal bacteria J. Bacteriol. 84 605–614PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Bryant, M. P. 1963 Symposium on microbial digestion in ruminants: identification of groups of anaerobic bacteria active in the rumen J. Anim. Sci. 22 801–813Google Scholar
  14. Bryant, M. P. 1972 Commentary on the Hungate technique for culture of anaerobic bacteria Amer. J. Clin. Nutr. 25 1324–1328PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Bryant, M. P. 1973 Nutritional requirements of the predominant rumen cellulolytic bacteria Fed. Proceed. 32 1809–1813Google Scholar
  16. Bryant, M. P. 1974 Genus XIII: Lachnospira Krieg, N. R. [{http://www.cme.msu.edu/bergeys/}Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology] Williams and Wilkins Baltimore MD 661–662Google Scholar
  17. Bryant, M. P. 1986 The genus Butyrivibrio In: P. H. A. Sneath, N. S. Mair, M. E. Sharpe, and J. G. Holt [{http://www.cme.msu.edu/bergeys/}Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology] Williams and Wilkins Baltimore MD 1376–1379Google Scholar
  18. Bryant, M. P. 1986 The genus Lachnospiara In: P. H. A. Sneath, N. S. Mair, M. E. Sharpe, and J. G. Holt [{http://www.cme.msu.edu/bergeys/}Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology] Williams and Wilkins Baltimore MD 1375–1376Google Scholar
  19. Cheng, K.-J., G. A. Jones, F. J. Simpson, and M. P. Bryant. 1969 Isolation and identification of rumen bacteria capable of anaerobic rutin degradation Can. J. Microbiol. 15 1365–1371PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Cheng, K.-J., H. G. Krishnamurty, G. A. Jones, and F. J. Simpson. 1970 Identification of products produced by the anaerobic degradation of naringin by Butyrivibrio sp. C3 Can. J. Microbiol. 16 129–131Google Scholar
  21. Cheng, K.-J., and J. W. Costerton. 1977 Ultrastructure of Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens: A gram-positive bacterium? J. Bacteriol. 129 1506–1512PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Cheng, K.-J., D. Dinsdale, and C. S. Stewart. 1979 Maceration of clover and grass leaves by Lachnospira multiparus Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 38 723–729PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Clark, R. G., K.-J. Cheng, L. B. Selinger, and M. F. Hynes. 1994 A conjugative transfer system for the rumen bacterium Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens, based on Tn916-mediated transfer of the Staphylococcus aureus plasmid pUB110 Plasmid 32 295–305PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Collins, M. D., P. A. Lawson, A. Willems, J. J. Cordoba, J. Fernandez-Garayzabal, P. Garcia, J. Cai, H. Hippe, and J. A. E. Farrow. 1994 The phylogeny of the genus Clostridium: Proposal of five new genera and eleven species combinations Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 44 812–826PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Cornick, N. A., N. S. Jensen, D. A. Stahl, P. A. Hartman, and M. J. Allison. 1994 Lachnospira pectinoschiza sp. nov., an anaerobic pectinophile from the pig intestine Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 44 87–93PubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Cotta, M. A., and R. B. Hespell. 1986 Proteolytic activity of the ruminal bacterium Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 52 51–58PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Cotta, M. A. 1988 Amylolytic activity of selected species of ruminal bacteria Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 54 772–776PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. Cotta, M. A. 1992 Interaction of ruminal bacteria in the production and utilization of maltooligosaccharides from starch Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 58 48–54PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Cotta, M. A., M. B. Wheeler, and T. R. Whitehead. 1994 Cyclic AMP in ruminal and other anaerobic bacteria FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 124 355–360PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Cotta, M. A., and R. L. Zeltwanger. 1995 Degradation and utilization of xylan by the ruminal bacteria Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens and Selenomonas ruminantium Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61 3042–3050PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Dalrymple, B. P., Y. Swadling, D. H. Cybinski, and G.-P. Xue. 1996 Cloning of a gene encoding cinnamoyl ester hydrolase from the ruminal bacterium Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens E14 by a novel method FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 143 115–120PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Dalrymple, B. P., and Y. Swadling. 1997 Expression of a Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens E14 gene (cinB) encoding an enzyme with cinnamoyl ester hydrolase activity is negatively regulated by the product of an adjacent gene (cinR) Microbiology 143 1203–1210PubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Dalrymple, B. P., Y. Swadling, I. Layton, K. Gobius, and G. P. Ping. 1999 Distribution and evolution of the xylanase genes xynA and xynB and their homologues in strains of Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65 3660–3667PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Dehority, B. A. 1966 Characterization of several bovine rumen bacteria isolated with a xylan medium J. Bacteriol. 91 1724–1729PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Dehority, B. A. 1967 Rate of hemicellulose degradation and utilization by pure cultures of rumen bacteria Appl. Microbiol. 15 987–993PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Dehority, B. A. 1969 Pectin-fermenting bacteria isolated from the bovine rumen J. Bacteriol. 99 189–196PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Dehority, B. A. 1971 Carbon dioxide requirement of various species of rumen bacteria J. Bacteriol. 105 70–76PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Dehority, B. A., and J. A. Grubb. 1977 Characterization of the predominant bacteria occurring in the rumen of goats (Capra hircus) Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 33 1030–1036PubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Dehority, B. A. 1986 Microbes in the foregut of arctic ruminants In: L. P. Milligen, W. L. Grovum, and A. Dobson. Control of digestion and metabolism in ruminants Prentice-Hall Englewood Cliffs NJ 307–326Google Scholar
  40. Diez-Gonzalez, F., D. R. Bond, E. Jennings, and J. B. Russell. 1999 Alternative schemes of butyrate production in Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens and their relationship to acetate utilization, lactate production and phylogeny Arch. Microbiol. 171 324–330PubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Ferreira, F., M. Andersson, L. Kenne, M. A. Cotta, and R. J. Stack. 1995 Structural studies of the extracellular polysaccharide from Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens strain 49 Carbo. Res. 278 143–153Google Scholar
  42. Ferreira, F., L. Kenne, M. A. Cotta, and R. J. Stack. 1997 Structural studies of the extracellular polysaccharide from Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens strain CF3 Carbo. Res. 301 193–203Google Scholar
  43. Forster, R. J., R. M. Teather, J. Gong, and S.-J. Deng. 1996 16S rDNA analysis of Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens: Phylogenetic position and relation to butyrate-producing anaerobic bacteria from the rumen of white-tailed deer Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 216–222Google Scholar
  44. Fulghum, R. S., and W. E. C. Moore. 1963 Isolation, enumeration, and characteristics of proteolytic ruminal bacteria J. Bacteriol. 85 808–815PubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Fulghum, R. S., B. B. Baldwin, and P. P. Williams. 1968 Antibiotic susceptibility of anaerobic ruminal bacteria Appl. Microbiol. 16 301–307PubMedGoogle Scholar
  46. Galtier, N., M. Gouey, and C. Gautier. 1996 Seaview and phylo-win, two graphic tools for sequence alignment and molecular phylogeny Comput. Applic. Biosci. 12 543–548Google Scholar
  47. Gill, J. W., and K. W. King. 1958 Nutritional characteristics of a Butyrivibrio J. Bacteriol. 75 666–673PubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. Goodman, H. J. K., and D. R. Woods. 1993 Cloning and nucleotide sequence of the Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens gene encoding a type III glutamine synthetase J. Gen. Microbiol. 139 1487–1493PubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Gregg, K., C. L. Cooper, D. J. Schafer, H. Sharpe, C. E. Beard, G. Allen, and J. Xy. 1994 Detoxification of the plant toxin fluoroacetate by a genetically modified rumen bacterium Bio/Technology 12 1361–1365PubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. Gregg, K. 1995 Engineering gut flora of ruminant livestock to reduce forage toxicity: Progress and problems Tibtech 13 418–421Google Scholar
  51. Gutierrez, J., R. E. Davis, and I. L. Lindahl. 1959 Characteristics of saponin-utilizing bacteria from the rumen of cattle Appl. Microbiol. 7 304–308PubMedGoogle Scholar
  52. Ha, Y. W., R. J. Stack, R. B. Hespell, S. H. Gordon, and R. J. Bothast. 1991 Some chemical and physical properties of extracellular polysaccharides produced by Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens strains Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 57 2016–2020PubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. Harfoot, C. G., and G. P. Hazlewood. 1988 Lipid metabolism in the rumen In: P. N. Hobson. The Rumen Microbial Ecosystem Elsevier Applied Science London 285–322Google Scholar
  54. Hazlewood, G. P., K. Y. Cho, R. M. C. Dawson, and E. A. Munn. 1983 Subcellular fractionation of the gram negative rumen bacterium, Butyrivibrio S2, by protoplast formation, and localisation of lipolytic enzymes in the plasma membrane J. Appl. Bacteriol. 55 337–347Google Scholar
  55. Hazlewood, G. P., M. K. Theodorou, A. Hutchings, D. J. Jordan, and G. Galfre. 1986 Preparation and characterization of monoclonal antibodies to a Butyrivibrio sp. and their potential use in the identification of rumen Butyrivibrios using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent essay J. Gen. Microbiol. 132 43–52Google Scholar
  56. Hazlewood, G. P., K. Davidson, J. I. Laurie, and M. P. M. Romaniec. 1990 Cloning and sequencing of the celA gene encoding endoglucanase A of Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens strain A46 J. Gen. Microbiol. 136 2089–2097PubMedGoogle Scholar
  57. Hazlewood, G. P., C. G. Orpin, Y. Greenwood, and M. E. Black. 1983 Isolation of proteolytic rumen bacteria by use of selective medium containing leaf fraction 1 protein (ribulosebisphosphate) Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 45 1780–1784PubMedGoogle Scholar
  58. Hefford, M. A., R. M. Teather, and R. J. Forster. 1993 The complete nucleotide sequence of a small cryptic plasmid from a rumen bacterium of the genus Butyrivibrio Plasmid 29 63–69PubMedGoogle Scholar
  59. Hefford, M. A., Y. Kobayashi, S. E. Allard, R. J. Forster, and R. M. Teather. 1997 Sequence analysis and characterization of pOM1, a small cryptic plasmid from Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens, and its use in construction of a new family of cloning vectors for Butyrivibrios Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63 1701–1711PubMedGoogle Scholar
  60. Heinrichova, K., M. Wojciechowicz, and A. Ziolecki. 1985 An Exo-D-galacturonanase of Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens from the bovine rumen J. Gen. Microbiol. 131 2053–2058PubMedGoogle Scholar
  61. Hespell, R. B., and E. Canale-Parola. 1970 Spirochaeta litoralis sp. n., a strictly anaerobic marine spirochete Arch. Mikrobiol. 74 1–18Google Scholar
  62. Hespell, R. B., and M. P. Bryant. 1981 The Genera Butyrivibrio, Succinivibrio, Succinimonas, Lachnospira, and Selenomonas In: M. P. Stan, H. Stolp, H. G. Truper, A. Balows, and H. G. Schlegel [{http://www.prokaryotes.com}The Prokaryotes] Springer-Verlag Berlin 1479–1494Google Scholar
  63. Hespell, R. B., R. Wolf, and R. J. Bothast. 1987 Fermentation of xylans by Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens and other ruminal bacteria Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 53 2849–2853PubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. Hespell, R. B., and P. J. O’Bryan-Shah. 1988 Esterase activities in Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens strains Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 54 1917–1922PubMedGoogle Scholar
  65. Hespell, R. B., and T. R. Whitehead. 1990 Physiology and genetics of xylan degradation by gastrointestinal tract bacteria J. Dairy Sci. 73 3013–3022PubMedGoogle Scholar
  66. Hespell, R. B., and T. R. Whitehead. 1991 Conjugal transfer of Tn916, Tn916deltaE, and pAMbeta1 from Enterococcus faecalis to Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens strains Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 57 2703–2709PubMedGoogle Scholar
  67. Hespell, R. B., and P. J. O’Bryan. 1992 Purification and characterization of an alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase from Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens GS113 Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 58 1082–1088PubMedGoogle Scholar
  68. Hespell, R. B., K. Kato, and J. W. Costerton. 1993 Characterization of the cell wall of Butyrivibrio species Can. J. Microbiol. 39 912–921PubMedGoogle Scholar
  69. Hespell, R. B., and M. A. Cotta. 1995 Degradation and utilization by Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens H17c of xylans with different chemical and physical properties Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 61 3042–3050PubMedGoogle Scholar
  70. Hespell, R. B., D. E. Akin, and B. A. Dehority. 1997 Bacteria, fungi, and protozoa of the rumen In: R. I. Mackie, B. A. White, and R. E. Isaacson. Gastrointestinal microbiology, Volume 2: Gastrointestinal microbes and host interactions Chapman & Hall New York NY 59–141Google Scholar
  71. Hewett M. J., A. J. Wicken, K. W. Knox, and M. E. Sharpe. 1976 Isolation of lipoteichoic acids from Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens J. Gen. Microbiol. 94 126–130PubMedGoogle Scholar
  72. Holdeman, L. V., I. J. Good, and W. E. C. Moore. 1976 Human fecal flora: Variation in bacterial composition within individuals and posible effects of emotional stress Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 31 359–375PubMedGoogle Scholar
  73. Hungate, R. E. 1966 The rumen and its microbes Academic Press New York NYGoogle Scholar
  74. Jarvis, B. D. W., C. Henderson, and R. V. Asmundson. 1978 The role of carbonate in the metabolism of glucose by Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens J. Gen. Microbiol. 105 287–295PubMedGoogle Scholar
  75. Joyner, A. E., and R. L. Baldwin. 1966 Enzymatic studies of pure cultures of rumen microorganisms J. Bacteriol. 92 1321–1330PubMedGoogle Scholar
  76. Kalmokoff, M. L., and R. M. Teather. 1997 Isolation and characterization of a bacteriocin (Butyrivibriocin AR10) from the ruminal anaerobe Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens AR10: Evidence in support of the widespread occurrence of bacteriocin-like activity among ruminal isolates of B. fibrisolvens Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 63 394–402PubMedGoogle Scholar
  77. Kalmokoff, M. L., D. Lu, M. F. Whitford, and R. M. Teather. 1999 Evidence for production of a new lantibiotic (Butyrivibriocin OR79A) by the ruminal anaerobe Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens OR79A: Characterization of the structural gene encoding Butyrivibriocin OR79A Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 65 2128–2135PubMedGoogle Scholar
  78. Kistner, A., and J. P. Kotze. 1973 Enzymes of intermediary metabolism of Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens and Ruminococcus albus grown under glucose limitation Can. J. Microbiol. 19 1119–1127PubMedGoogle Scholar
  79. Kobayashi, Y., R. J. Forster, M. A. Hefford, R. M. Teather, M. Wakita, K. Ohmiya, and S. Hoshino. 1995 Analysis of the sequence of a new cryptic plasmid, pRJF2, from a rumen bacterium of the genus Butyrivibrio: Comparison with other Butyrivibrio plasmids and application in the development of a cloning vector FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 130 137–144PubMedGoogle Scholar
  80. Kobayashi, Y., A. Ebata, M. Wakita, and S. Hoshino. 1997 Conditions for electrotransforming the ruminal bacterium Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens and some profiles of the transformant Anim. Sci. Technol. 68 741–747Google Scholar
  81. Kotze, J. P., and A. Kistner. 1974 Variations in enzyme activities of Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens and Ruminococcus albus grown in continuous culture Can. J. Microbiol. 20 861–869PubMedGoogle Scholar
  82. Latham, M. J., and N. J. Legakis. 1976 Cultural factors influencing the utilization or production of acetate by Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens J. Gen. Microbiol. 94 380–388PubMedGoogle Scholar
  83. Lewis, S. M., and B. A. Dehority. 1985 Microbiology and ration digestibility in the hindgut of the ovine Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 50 356–363PubMedGoogle Scholar
  84. Lin, L.-L., E. Rumbak, H. Zappe, J. A. Thomson, and D. R. Woods. 1990 Cloning, sequencing, and analysis of expression of Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens gene encoding a beta-glucosidase J. Gen. Microbiol. 136 1567–1576PubMedGoogle Scholar
  85. Lin, L.-L., and J. A. Thomson. 1991 An analysis of the extracellular xylanases and cellulases of Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens H17c FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 84 197–204Google Scholar
  86. Lin, L.-L., and J. A. Thomson. 1991b Cloning, sequencing and expression of a gene encoding a 73kDa xylanase gene from the rumen anaerobe Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens H17c Mol. Gen. Genet. 228 55–61PubMedGoogle Scholar
  87. Mann, S. P., G. P. Hazlewood, and C. G. Orpin. 1986 Characterization of a cryptic plasmid (pOM1) in Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens by restriction endonuclease analysis and its cloning in Escherichia coli Curr. Microbiol. 13 17–22Google Scholar
  88. Mannarelli, B. M. 1988 Deoxyribonucleic acid relatedness among strains of the species Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 38 340–347Google Scholar
  89. Mannarelli, B. M., S. Evans, and D. Lee. 1990 Cloning, sequencing, and expression of a xylanase gene from the anaerobic ruminal bacterium Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens J. Bacteriol. 172 4247–4254PubMedGoogle Scholar
  90. Mannarelli, B. M., R. J. Stack, D. Lee, and L. Ericsson. 1990 Taxonomic relatedness of Butyrivibrio, Lachnospira, Roseburia, and Eubacterium species as determined by DNA hybridization and extracellular-polysaccharide analysis Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 40 370–378Google Scholar
  91. Margherita, S. S., and R. E. Hungate. 1963 Serological analysis of Butyrivibrio from the bovine rumen J. Bacteriol. 86 855–860PubMedGoogle Scholar
  92. Margherita, S. S., R. E. Hungate, and H. Storz. 1964 Variation in rumen Butyrivibrio strains J. Bacteriol. 87 1304–1308PubMedGoogle Scholar
  93. Martin, J., and D. C. Savage. 1984 Habitat of a motile, obligatorily anaerobic bacterium indigenous to the murine gastrointestinal tract Microecology and Therapy 14 293–294Google Scholar
  94. Martin, J. H., and D. C. Savage. 1985 Purification and characterization of flagella from Roseburia cecicola, an obligately anaerobic bacterium J. Gen. Microbiol. 131 2075–2078PubMedGoogle Scholar
  95. Martin, S. A., and J. B. Russell. 1986 Phosphoenolpyruvate-dependent phosphorylation of hexoses by ruminal bacteria: Evidence for the phosphotransferase transport system Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 52 1348–1352PubMedGoogle Scholar
  96. Martin, J. H., and D. C. Savage. 1988 Cloning, nucleotide sequence, and taxonomic implications of the flagellin gene of Roseburia cecicola J. Bacteriol. 170 2612–2617PubMedGoogle Scholar
  97. Martin, J. H., and D. C. Savage. 1988 Degradation of DNA in cells and extracts of the obligately anaerobic bacterium Roseburia cecicola upon exposure to air Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 54 1619–1621PubMedGoogle Scholar
  98. Mathiesen, S. D., C. G. Orpin, Y. Greenwood, and A. S. Blix. 1987 Seasonal changes in the cecal microflora of the high-Arctic Svalbard reindeer (Rangifer tarandus platyrhynchus) Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 53 114–118PubMedGoogle Scholar
  99. McAllister, T. A., K.-J. Cheng, L. M. Rode, and C. W. Forsberg. 1990 Digestion of barley, maize, and wheat by selected species of ruminal bacteria Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 56 3146–3153PubMedGoogle Scholar
  100. McAllister, T. A., R. C. Phillippe, L. M. Rode, and K.-J. Cheng. 1993 Effect of the protein matrix on the digestion of cereal grains by ruminal microorganisms J. Anim. Sci. 71 205–212PubMedGoogle Scholar
  101. McBee, R. H., and V. H. McBee. 1982 The hindgut fermentation in the Green Iguana, Iguana iguana In: G. M. Burghardt, and A. S. Rand. Iguanas of the World Noyes Publications Park Ridge IL 77–83Google Scholar
  102. Miller, T. L., and S. E. Jenesel. 1979 Enzymology of butyrate formation by Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens J. Bacteriol. 138 99–104PubMedGoogle Scholar
  103. Mohn, W. W., and R. M. Teather. 1995 Partial purification and characterization of Bfi571 and Bfi891, restriction endonucleases from different strains of Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens Gene 155 131–132PubMedGoogle Scholar
  104. Moore, W. E. C., and L. V. Holdeman. 1974 Human fecal flora: The normal flora of 20 Japanese-Hawaiians Appl. Microbiol. 27 961–979PubMedGoogle Scholar
  105. Moore, W. E. C., J. L. Johnson, and L. V. Holdeman. 1976 Emendation of Bacteroidaceae and Butyrivibrio and descriptions of Desulfomonas gen. nov. and ten new species in the genera Desulfomonas, Butyrivibrio, Eubacterium, Clostridium, and Ruminococcus Int. J. System. Bacteriol. 26 238–252Google Scholar
  106. Moore, W. E. C., L. V. H. Moore, E. P. Cato, T. D. Wilkins, and E. T. Kornegay. 1987 Effect of high-fiber and high-oil diets on the fecal flora of swine Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 53 1638–1644PubMedGoogle Scholar
  107. Morris, E. J., and N. O. van Gylswyk. 1980 Comparison of the action of rumen bacteria on cell walls from Eragrostis tef J. Agric. Sci. 95 313–323Google Scholar
  108. O’Conner, L. T., and D. C. Savage. 1993 Characterization of an activity from the strict anaerobe Roseburia cecicola that degrades DNA when exposed to air Bacteriol. Rev. 175 4681–4687Google Scholar
  109. Olsen, M. A., T. H. Aagnes, and S. D. Mathiesen. 1997 The effect of timothy silage on the bacterial population in rumen fluid of reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) from natural summer and winter pasture FEMS Microbiol. Ecol. 24 127–136Google Scholar
  110. Orpin, C. G., S. D. Mathiesen, Y. Greenwood, and A. S. Blix. 1985 Seasonal changes in the ruminal microflora of the high-Arctic Svalbard reindeer (Rangifer tarandus platyrhynchus) Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 50 144–151PubMedGoogle Scholar
  111. Osborne, J. M., and B. A. Dehority. 1989 Synergism in degradation and utilization of intact forage cellulose, hemicellulose, and pectin by three pure cultures of ruminal bacteria Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 55 2247–2250PubMedGoogle Scholar
  112. Paster, B. J., J. B. Russell, C. M. J. Yang, J. M. Chow, C. R. Woese, and R. Tanner. 1993 Phylogeny of the ammonia-producing ruminal bacteria Peptostreptococcus anaerobius, Clostridium sticklandii, and Clostridium aminophilum sp. nov Intern. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 43 107–110Google Scholar
  113. Preston, J. F., J. D. Rice, M. C. Chow, and B. J. Brown. 1991 Kinetic comparisons of trimer-generating pectate and alginate lyases by reversed-phase ion-pair liquid chromatography Carbohydr. Res. 215 147–157Google Scholar
  114. Rode, L. M., B. R. S. Genthner, and M. P. Bryant. 1981 Syntrophic association by cultures of the methanol-and CO2-H2-utilizing species Eubacterium limosum and pectin-fermenting Lachnospira multiparus during growth in a pectin medium Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 42 20–22PubMedGoogle Scholar
  115. Rumbak, E., D. E. Rawlings, G. G. Lindsey, and D. R. Woods. 1991 Characterization of the Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens glgB gene, which encodes a glycogen-branching enzyme with starch-clearing activity J. Bacteriol. 173 6732–6741PubMedGoogle Scholar
  116. Rumbak, E., D. E. Rawlings, G. G. Lindsey, and D. R. Woods. 1991 Cloning, nucleotide sequence, and enzymatic characterization of an alpha-amylase from the ruminal bacterium Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens H17c J. Bacteriol. 173 4203–4211PubMedGoogle Scholar
  117. Rumney, C. J., S. H. Duncan, C. Henderson, and C. S. Stewart. 1995 Isolation and characteristics of a wheatbran-degrading Butyrivibrio from human faeces Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 20 232–236PubMedGoogle Scholar
  118. Russell, J. B., and R. L. Baldwin. 1978 Substrate preferences in rumen bacteria: Evidence of catabolites regulatory mechanisms Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 36 319–329PubMedGoogle Scholar
  119. Russell, J. B., and D. B. Dombrowski. 1980 Effect of pH on the efficiency of growth by pure cultures of rumen bacteria in continuous culture Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 39 604–610PubMedGoogle Scholar
  120. Russell, J. B., H. J. Strobel, and G. Chen. 1988 Enrichment and isolation of a ruminal bacterium with a very high specific activity of ammonia production Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 54 872–877PubMedGoogle Scholar
  121. Scheifinger, C. C., N. Russell, and W. Chalupa. 1976 Degradation of amino acids by pure cultures of rumen bacteria J. Anim. Sci. 43 821–827PubMedGoogle Scholar
  122. Schleifer, K. H., and O. Kandler. 1972 Peptidoglycan types of bacterial cell walls and their taxonomic implications Bacteriol. Rev. 36 407–477PubMedGoogle Scholar
  123. Sewell, G. W., H. C. Aldrich, D. Williams, B. Mannarelli, A. Wilkie, R. B. Hespell, P. H. Smith, and L. O. Ingram. 1988 Isolation and characterization of xylan-degrading strains of Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens from a Napier grass-fed anaerobic digestor Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 54 1085–1090PubMedGoogle Scholar
  124. Sewell, G. W., E. A. Utt, R. B. Hespell, K. F. Mackenzie, and L. O. Ingram. 1989 Identification of the Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens xylosidase gene (xylB) coding region and its expression in Escherichia coli Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 55 306–311PubMedGoogle Scholar
  125. Shane, B. S., L. Gouws, and A. Kistner. 1969 Cellulolytic bacteria occurring in the rumen of sheep conditioned to low-protein teff hay J. Gen. Microbiol. 55 445–457PubMedGoogle Scholar
  126. Sharpe, M. E., J. H. Brock, and B. A. Phillips. 1975 Glycerol teichoic acid as an antigenic determinant in a gram-negative bacterium Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens J. Gen. Microbiol. 88 355–363PubMedGoogle Scholar
  127. Silley, P. 1985 A note on the pectinolytic enzymes of Lachnospira multiparus J. Appl. Bacteriol. 58 145–149Google Scholar
  128. Stack, R. J. 1987 Identification of L-altrose in the extracellular polysaccharides from Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens CF3 FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 48 83–87Google Scholar
  129. Stack, R. J. 1988 Neutral sugar composition of extracellular polysaccharides produced by strains of Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 54 878–883PubMedGoogle Scholar
  130. Stack, R. J., T. M. Stein, and R. D. Plattner. 1988 4-O-(1-carboxyethyl)-D-galactose: A new acidic sugar from the extracellular polysaccharide produced by Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens strain 49 Biochem. J. 256 769–773PubMedGoogle Scholar
  131. Stack, R. J., and D. Weisleder. 1990 4-O-(1-carboxyethyl)-L-rhamnose: A second unique acidic sugar found in an extracellular polysaccharide from Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens strain 49 Biochem. J. 268 281–285PubMedGoogle Scholar
  132. Stanton, T. B., and D. C. Savage. 1983 Roseburia cecicola gen. nov., sp. nov., a motile, obligately anaerobic bacterium from a mouse cecum Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 33 618–627Google Scholar
  133. Stanton, T. B., and D. C. Savage. 1983b Colonization of gnotobiotic mice by Roseburia cecicola, a motile, obligately anaerobic bacterium from murine ceca Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 45 1677–1684PubMedGoogle Scholar
  134. Stanton, T. B., and D. C. Savage. 1984 Motility as a factor in bowel colonization by Roseburia cecicola, an obligately anaerobic bacterium from the mouse caecum J. Gen. Microbiol. 130 173–183PubMedGoogle Scholar
  135. Stewart, C. S., and M. P. Bryant. 1988 The rumen bacteria In: P. N. Jobson The Rumen Microbial Ecosystem Elsevier Applied Science London 21–75Google Scholar
  136. Strobel, H. J. 1994 Pentose transport by the ruminal bacterium Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 122 217–222PubMedGoogle Scholar
  137. Strydom, E., R. I. Mackie, and D. R. Woods. 1986 Detection and characterization of extracellular proteases in Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens H17c Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 24 214–217Google Scholar
  138. Teather, R. M. 1982 Maintenance of laboratory strains of obligately anaerobic rumen bacteria Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 44 499–501PubMedGoogle Scholar
  139. Teather, R. M. 1982b Isolation of plasmid DNA from Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 43 298–302PubMedGoogle Scholar
  140. Therion, J. J., A. Kistner, and J. H. Kornelius. 1982 Effect of pH on growth rates of rumen amylolytic and lactilytic bacteria Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 44 428–434PubMedGoogle Scholar
  141. Thompson, J. A. 1993 Molecular biology of xylan degradation FEMS Microbiol. Rev. 104 65–82Google Scholar
  142. Thorley, C. M., M. E. Sharpe, and M. P. Bryant. 1968 Modification of the rumen bacterial flora by feeding cattle ground and pelleted roughage as determined with culture media with and without rumen fluid J. Dairy Science 51 1811–1816Google Scholar
  143. Utt, E. A., C. K. Eddy, K. F. Keshav, and L. O. Ingram. 1991 Sequencing and expression of the Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens xylB gene encoding a novel bifunctional protein with beta-D-xylosidase and alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase activities Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 57 1227–1234PubMedGoogle Scholar
  144. Van Der Toorn, J. J. T. K., and N. O. van Gylswyk. 1985 Xylan-digesting bacteria from the rumen of sheep fed maize straw diets J. Gen. Microbiol. 131 2601–2607Google Scholar
  145. van Gylswyk, N. O. 1976 Some aspects of the metabolism of Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens J. Gen. Microbiol. 97 105–111PubMedGoogle Scholar
  146. van Gylswyk, N. O. 1979 Oxaloacetate synthesis in Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 37 1245–1247PubMedGoogle Scholar
  147. van Gylswyk, N. O., H. Hippe, and F. A. Rainey. 1996 Psuedobutyrivibrio ruminis gen. nov., a butyrate-producing bacterium from the rumen that closely resembles Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens in phenotype Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 46 559–563Google Scholar
  148. van Rensburg, P., W. H. van Zyl, and I. S. Pretorius. 1994 Expression of the Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens endo-ß-1,4-glucanase gene together with the Erwinia pectate lyase and the polygalacturonase genes in Saccharomyces cerevisiae Curr. Gen. 27 17–22Google Scholar
  149. van Rensburg, P., W. H. van Zyl, and I. S. Pretorius. 1997 Over-expression of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae exo-beta-1,3-glucanase gene together with the Bacillus subtilis endo-beta-1,3-1,4-glucanase gene and the Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens endo-beta-1,4-glucanase gene in yeast J. Biotechnol. 55 43–53PubMedGoogle Scholar
  150. Varel, V. H., and B. A. Dehority. 1989 Ruminal cellulolytic bacteria and protozoa from bison, cattle-bison hybrids, and cattle fed three alfalfa-corn diets Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 55 148–153PubMedGoogle Scholar
  151. Wallace, R. J., and M. L. Brammall. 1985 The role of different species of bacteria in the hydrolysis of protein in the rumen J. Gen. Microbiol. 131 821–832Google Scholar
  152. Wallace, R. J., and N. McKain. 1991 A survey of peptidase activity in rumen bacteria J. Gen. Microbiol. 137 2259–2264PubMedGoogle Scholar
  153. Wang, C.-L., B. B. Baldwin, R. S. Fulghum, and P. P. Williams. 1969 Quantitative antibiotic sensitivities of ruminal bacteria Appl. Microbiol. 18 677–679PubMedGoogle Scholar
  154. Ware, C. E., T. Bauchop, J. F. Hudman, and K. Gregg. 1992 Cryptic plasmid pBF1 from Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens AR10: Its use as a replicon for recombinant plasmids Curr. Microbiol. 24 193–197Google Scholar
  155. Westlake, K., R. I. Mackie, and M. F. Dutton. 1987 T-2 toxin metabolism by ruminal bacteria and its effect on their growth Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 53 587–592PubMedGoogle Scholar
  156. Whitehead, T. R. 1992 Genetic transformation of the ruminal bacteria Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens and Streptococcus bovis by electroporation Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 15 186–189Google Scholar
  157. Willems, A., M. Amat-Marco, and M. D. Collins. 1995 Phylogenetic analysis of Butyrivibrio strains reveals three distinct groups of species within the Clostridium subphylum of the gram-positive bacteria Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 46 195–199Google Scholar
  158. Williams, A. G., and S. E. Withers. 1992 Induction of xylan-degrading enzymes in Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens Curr. Microbiol. 25 297–303Google Scholar
  159. Williams, A. G., and S. E. Withers. 1992 The regulation of xylanolytic enzymes formation by Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens NCFB 2249 Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 14 194–198Google Scholar
  160. Wojciechowicz, M., K. Heinrichova, and A. Ziolecki. 1980 A polygalacturonate lyase produced by Lachnospira multiparus isolated from the bovine rumen J. Gen. Microbiol. 117 193–199PubMedGoogle Scholar
  161. Wojciechowicz, M., K. Heinrichova, and A. Ziolecki. 1982 An exopectate lyase of Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens from the bovine rumen J. Gen. Microbiol. 128 2661–2665PubMedGoogle Scholar
  162. Wozny, M. A., M. P. Bryant, L. V. Holdeman, and W. E. C. Moore. 1977 Urease assay and urease-producing species of anaerobes in the bovine rumen and human feces Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 33 1097–1104PubMedGoogle Scholar
  163. Xue, G. P., J. S. Johnson, K. L. Bransgrove, K. Gregg, C. E. Beard, B. P. Dalrymple, K. S. Gobius, and J. H. Aylward. 1997 Improvement of expression and secretion of a fungal xylanase in the rumen bacterium Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens OB156 by manipulation of promoter ans signal sequences J. Bacteriol. 54 139–148Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Cotta
  • Robert Forster

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations