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The Genus Erysipelothrix

  • Erko Stackebrandt
  • Annette C. Reboli
  • W. Edmund Farrar

The genus Erysipelothrix consists of three species, Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae (Rosenbach, 1909), Erysipelothrix tonsillarum (Takahashi et al., 1987a) and the recently described Erysipelothrix inopinata (Verbarg et al., 2004). In 1876, Koch first isolated this slender, pleomorphic, Gram-positive bacillus from the blood of mice that had been inoculated subcutaneously with blood from putrefied meat (Koch, 1878) and was designated “E. muriseptica.” In 1882, Loeffler observed a similar organism in the cutaneous blood vessels of a pig that had died of swine erysipelas and published the first good description of the organism (Loeffler, 1886). It is probable that a bacillus observed a few months previously by Pasteur and Dumas in pigs dying of rouget (swine erysipelas) was the same organism as that described by Loeffler (Pasteur and Dumas, 1882). Trevisan (1885) proposed the name “E. insidiosa.” Rosenbach was the first to establish Erysipelothrixas a human pathogen. In 1909, he reported...

Keywords

Hydrogen Sulfide European Molecular Biology Laboratory Potassium Tellurite Triple Sugar Iron Litmus Milk 
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© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Erko Stackebrandt
  • Annette C. Reboli
  • W. Edmund Farrar

There are no affiliations available

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