The Order Thermococcales

  • Costanzo Bertoldo
  • Garabed Antranikian
Reference work entry

Among the hyperthermophilic archaea, representatives of order Thermococcales form the most numerous group to date. Members of this group are the most frequently isolated hyperthermophiles. They are heterotrophic and as such regarded as the major constituents of organic matter within marine hot water ecosystems (Canganella et al., 1997). They belong to the branch of Euryarchaeota that contains the methanogens, the genus Thermoplasma, and the extremely halophilic archaea. The Thermococcales order is actually represented by three genera: Pyrococcus (Fiala and Stetter, 1986), Thermococcus (Achenbach-Richter et al., 1988) and the newly described Paleococcus (Takai et al., 2000). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16 rDNA sequences indicates that the Paleococcus strains are members of an ancient lineage of Thermococcales that diverged prior to the formation of the genera Pyrococcus and Thermococcus (Takai et al., 2000). These three genera include at present 38 species: 2 belonging to the genus Paleococcus...


Okinawa Trough Optimal Growth Temperature Shallow Marine Environment Ferredoxin Oxidoreductase Hyperthermophilic Archaea 
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Authors and Affiliations

  • Costanzo Bertoldo
  • Garabed Antranikian

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