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The Family Streptomycetaceae, Part I: Taxonomy

  • Peter Kämpfer
Firmicutes with High GC Content of DNA

Phylogeny and Taxonomy

The family Streptomycetaceae was created by Waksman and Henrici (1943). Originally this family harbored only the type genus Streptomyces. Zhang et al. (1997) proposed that the genus Kitasatospora be included, and recently, a third genus, Streptacidiphilus, was added (Kim et al., 2003).

Description of the family Streptomycetaceae Waksman and Henrici 1943 emend, Kim et al. (2003) (Strep.to.my.ce.ta’ce.ae. ending to denote a family; M.L. masc. n. Streptomyces, type genus of the family) is based on data taken from Williams et al. (1989), Zhang et al. (1997) and Kim et al. (2003). These aerobic, Gram-positive, non-acid-alcohol fast actinomycetes form an extensively branched substrate mycelium that rarely fragments. The aerial mycelium forms chains of three to many spores. Members of a few species bear short chains of spores on the substrate mycelium. The organisms produce a wide range of pigments responsible for the color of the substrate and aerial mycelium. The...

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  • Peter Kämpfer

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