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The Family Bifidobacteriaceae

Firmicutes with High GC Content of DNA

Family Bifidobacteriaceae

Family Bifidobacteriaceae fam. nov., Stackebrandt, Rainey and Ward-Rainey. Bifidobacteriaceae (Bi.fi.do.bac.teri.a’ce.ae. ending to denote a family; M.L. fem. pl. n. Bifidobacteriaceae, the Bifidobacterium family). The pattern of 16S rDNA signatures consists of nucleotides at positions 122-239 (G-U), 128-233 (C-G), 450-483 (C-G), 602-636 (C-G), 681-709 (C-G), 688-699 (A-U), 823-877 (A-U), 1118-1155 (C-G) and 1311-1326 (A-U; Stackebrandt et al., 1997).

The family contains the type genus Bifidobacterium (Orla-Jensen, 1924) with 32 species (type species Bifidobacterium bifidum, Tissier; Orla-Jensen, 1924) as well as Gardnerella (Greenwood and Pickett, 1980) with Gardnerella vaginalis as the only species. A phylogenetic structure of the genera Bifidobacterium and Gardnerella has been published (Maidak et al., 1994; Leblond-Bourget et al., 1996).

Characteristics of the Family

The family consists of pleomorphic rods that occur singly or in many-celled chains or...

Keywords

Scardovi Bacterial Vaginosis Trovatelli Biavati Crociani 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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