Encyclopedia of Medical Anthropology

2004 Edition
| Editors: Carol R. Ember, Melvin Ember

The Hadza

  • Frank Marlowe
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/0-387-29905-X_71

Alternative Names

Hadzabe, Hadzapi, Hatsa, Tindiga, Watindiga, Kangeju, Wakindiga.

Location and Linguistic Affiliation

The Hadza are located at approximately 3° south, 35° east, around Lake Eyasi, North Tanzania, Africa. Their language, Hadzane, has clicks, and for that reason has often been classified with the San languages of southern Africa, but may be only very distantly related (Sands, 1995).

Cultural Overview

The Hadza are nomadic hunter-gatherers who live in a savanna-woodland habitat around Lake Eyasi in northern Tanzania (Woodburn, 1968Woodburn, 1968). They number about 1,000 (Blurton-Jones, O’Connell, Hawkes, Kamuzora, & Smith, 1992), of whom many are still full-time foragers and almost none of whom practice any kind of agriculture. Men collect honey and use bows and arrows to hunt mammals and birds. Women dig wild tubers, gather baobab fruit, and berries. Camps usually have about 30 people and move about every month or so in response to the availability of water and berries...


Fluctuate Asymmetry Large Game Wife Beating Ideal Family Size Paternal Aunt 
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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frank Marlowe

There are no affiliations available