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  • Reference work
  • © 2016

Encyclopedia of Marine Geosciences


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  • Offers an overview of the oceans’ and marginal seas’ geo-resources

  • Presents an interdisciplinary synopsis of the whole scale of marine geosciences

  • Incorporates geology, geophysics, hydrography, biology, climatology, ecology, and economic geology

  • Integrates knowledge in basic and applied sciences, connecting natural and engineering sciences

  • Addresses some 195 topics through the work of international specialists

  • Includes supplementary material:

Part of the book series: Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series (EESS)

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  • ISBN: 978-94-007-6238-1
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Table of contents (195 entries)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xxxii
  2. A

    1. Abyssal Plains

      • David Voelker
      Pages 1-5
    2. Accretionary Wedges

      • Martin Meschede
      Pages 6-9
    3. Active Continental Margins

      • Serge Lallemand
      Pages 9-13
    4. Ancient Plate Tectonics

      • Stephen F. Foley
      Pages 13-20
    5. Anoxic Oceans

      • Christian März, Hans-Jürgen Brumsack
      Pages 20-23
    6. Asphalt Volcanism

      • Gerhard Bohrmann
      Pages 24-25
    7. Astronomical Frequencies in Paleoclimates

      • André Berger
      Pages 25-33
    8. Axial Summit Troughs

      • Samuel Adam Soule, Michael R. Perfit
      Pages 33-36
    9. Axial Volcanic Ridges

      • Isobel Yeo
      Pages 36-39
  3. B

    1. Beach

      • Charles W. Finkl
      Pages 41-47
    2. Beach Processes

      • Charles W. Finkl
      Pages 47-54
    3. Bed forms

      • Miwa Yokokawa
      Pages 55-55
    4. Biochronology, Biostratigraphy

      • Felix M. Gradstein
      Pages 55-56
    5. Biogenic Barium

      • Graham Shimmield
      Pages 56-57
    6. Bioturbation

      • Gerhard Graf
      Pages 57-58
    7. Black and White Smokers

      • Margaret K. Tivey
      Pages 58-62
    8. Bottom Simulating Seismic Reflectors (BSR)

      • Jürgen Mienert, Stefan Bünz
      Pages 62-67
    9. Bottom-Boundary Layer

      • Wenyan Zhang
      Pages 67-68
    10. Bouma Sequence

      • Thierry Mulder, Heiko Hüneke
      Pages 68-69

About this book

This Encyclopedia comprises the current knowledge in marine geosciences whereby not only basic but also applied and technical sciences are covered. Through this concept a broad scale of users in the field of marine sciences and techniques is addressed, from students and scholars in academia to engineers and decision makers in industry and politics. 

Globally growing demand of energy and mineral resources, reliable future projection of climate processes and the protection of coasts to mitigate the threats of disasters and hazards require a comprehensive understanding of the structure, ongoing processes and genesis of the marine geosphere. Beyond the “classical” research fields in marine geology in current time more general concepts have been evolved integrating marine geophysics, hydrography, marine biology, climatology and ecology. As an umbrella the term “marine geosciences” has been broadly accepted for this new complex field of research and the solutions of practic

al tasks in the marine realm. 



  • Marine biology
  • Marine geology
  • Marine geophysics
  • Marine resources
  • Mining ocean minerals
  • Paleoclimatology


“This title in the Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series covers approximately 195 topics under the umbrella term marine geosciences, which incorporates marine geophysics, hydrography, climatology, marine biology, and ecology. … The writing and subject matter are advanced. For those libraries (academic and public) looking for a reliable and authoritative reference on marine geosciences, this is a highly recommended resource.” (American Reference Books Annual ARBA, June, 2018)

Encyclopedia of Marine Geosciences wins GSIS Mary B. Ansari Best 2017 Research Resource Work Award

The Encyclopedia of Marine Geosciences has been selected to receive the 2017 GSIS Mary B. Ansari Best Research Resource Work Award. J. Harff, M. Meschede, S. Petersen and J. Thiede are the editors of this reference work published by Springer in 2016.

The Geoscience Information Society has presented the GSIS Mary B. Ansari Best Reference Work Award annually since 1988. The award honors an outstanding reference work published in the field of geoscience information during the previous three years

“This Encyclopedia from Springer Reference is an excellent source. The information is clear, concise and easy to use for multiple levels of users. Those users at advanced levels can find additional information through the bibliography and cross-references. … Overall this is a good multilevel resource that can be used by all levels of university and a basic resource for the serious researcher in the area of marine geosciences.” (Victoria Packard, Reference Reviews, Vol. 37 (5), 2017)


Editors and Affiliations

  • University of Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland

    Jan Harff

  • University of Greifswald, Greifswald, Germany

    Martin Meschede

  • GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research, Kiel, Germany

    Sven Petersen

  • Institute of Earth Science, KÖPPEN-Laboratory, Saint Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia

    JÖrn Thiede

About the editors

Jan Harff is Professor of Geosciences and Seafloor Geology at the University of Szczecin, Poland. His previous research focused on  sedimentary basin analysis at the Central Institute for Physics of the Earth (ZIPE, subsequently the GeoForschungsZentrum, GFZ), Potsdam, and  marine geology at the Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemünde and the University of Greifswald, Germany. He cooperates, on a permanent basis,  with marine research institutes of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese universities and the  Guangzhou Marine Geological Survey, Guangzhou, China. His research interests concern marine geology in general, sedimentology, coastal geology, palaeo-oceanography, palaeoclimatology, mathematical geology and basin modelling. In addition to having authored and co-authored numerous research papers and having served as editor of other scientific publications, he acted as corresponding editor of “Modeling of Sedimentary Systems” (Springer,1999) and “The Baltic Sea Basin” (Springer, 2011).

Martin Meschede is Professor of “Regional and Structural Geology” at the Institute of Geography and Geology, University of Greifswald, Germany. His research interests focus on geodynamic processes at plate margins, subduction, large igneous provinces, exhumation, paleogeography, paleoclimatology, basin evolution, and glacial tectonics. He participated in several marine research expeditions, among these are the Joides Resolution of IODP and a diving cruise with Shinkai 6500. Besides a number of scientific publications, he is author and coauthor of several textbooks on plate tectonics, structural geology, and regional geology of Germany.

Sven Petersen is a senior researcher at GEOMAR, Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel in Germany. His research focuses on understanding the processes that form and change seafloor hydrothermal systems and associated mineral deposits with time. He participated in more than 30 research cruises to submarine hydrothermal systems in the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Ocean. Major aims of his research are to understand their chemical variability, the use of mobile drilling techniques and geophysical methods to investigate their sub-seafloor extent as well as the use of autonomous underwater vehicles for their exploration.

Jörn Thiede is the leader of the KÖPPEN-Laboratory of the Institute of Earth Sciences of Saint Petersburg State University. He worked 1967-1987 at the universities of Aarhus (Denmark), Bergen (Norway), Oregon State University in Corvallis (USA), Oslo (Norway) and Kiel (Germany) and learned to sail the world’s oceans to understand their history. Afterwards he pursued the foundation of GEOMAR. In 1997 he joined  The Alfred Wegener Institute-Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research. In 2008 he served at the Geocenter Denmark as well as at UNIS (Longyearbyen/Svalbard) and in 2011 was invited to join the St. Petersburg

State Universi

ty (Russia).                                                                            

Bibliographic Information

Buying options

USD 549.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-94-007-6238-1
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book
USD 699.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)