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  • Living reference work
  • © 2020

Encyclopedia of Science Education

  • The first ever comprehensive reference work in science education

  • Coverage includes methodologies, perspectives, foci and cultures of science education research

  • This encyclopedia will provide readers at different levels with a comprehensive resource, whether at introductory or advanced level

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Table of contents (387 entries)

  1. Accommodation in Assessment

    • May M. H. Cheng
  2. Acculturation

    • Glen Aikenhead
  3. Achievement Levels

    • Gabriela Noveanu
  4. Adaptive Assessment

    • Elena Papanastasiou
  5. After School Science

    • Anita Krishnamurthi
  6. Agency and Knowledge

    • Gérard Sensevy, Andree Tiberghien
  7. Alienation

    • Christopher Emdin
  8. Alignment

    • May M. H. Cheng
  9. Analogies in Science

    • Richard Coll

About this book

The Encyclopedia of Science Education provides a comprehensive reference work covering the range of methodologies, perspectives, foci, and cultures of this field of inquiry, and to do so via contributions from leading researchers from around the globe. Because of the frequent ways in which scholarship in science education has led to developments in other curriculum areas, the encyclopedia will have significance beyond the field of science education.

"Science Education" as a name for this discipline of inquiry emerged in the late 1950s, as scholars in North America began to investigate and evaluate the wave of high school science curriculum reforms that were initiated by the USA, and began with the PSSC (Physical Science Study Committee) curriculum in Physics. Hence "Science Education" and Science Education research merged as inquiry with its own modes and traditions before any other of the curriculum areas such as Mathematics Education. And so Science Education has often been the context of the fostering and development of new ways of conceptualising and researching matters of content-specific learning, teaching, curriculum, assessment and policy.

The Encyclopedia of Science Education is a comprehensive and genuinely international reference work, and is aimed at graduate students, researchers, developers in science education and science education research. The topics to be covered encompass all areas of science education and it includes biographical entries on science educators, as well as educators whose work has had an impact on science education as a research field.

The development of the encyclopedia is being undertaken by an Editorial Board, who are responsible for the focus and quality of contributions, and an Advisory Board, who are responsible for advising about the inclusion of research perspectives and understandings from areas other than those represented in the English language literature.

Editors and Affiliations

  • Monash University Fac. Education, Clayton, Australia

    Richard Gunstone

About the editor

Professor Gunstone is now Emeritus Professor. Previously he was Professor of Science and Technology Education, and Director (and founder) of the Monash-King's College (London) International Centre for the Study of Science and Mathematics Curriculum. He is a Fellow of the Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia and a Life Member of the Science Teachers' Association of Victoria. He has extensive research, development and consultancy experience in learning, teaching, curriculum, assessment, and teacher development, in school and undergraduate science, physics, engineering (and to a lesser extent medicine) contexts.

Professor Gunstone has published widely in these areas, including fourteen books (two translated into Japanese and one into Chinese, one in Portuguese; currently 2 more books in preparation), 45 book chapters and over 140 refereed research papers. He is frequently invited to address international research conferences; in the last decade: Japanese Society for Science Education (Chiba), New Zealand Science Education Forum (Christchurch), Science and Mathematics Teachers Seminar Singapore Youth Science Festival, International Workshop on New Developments in the Teaching of Physics (Puebla, Mexico), International Conference on Secondary Science Curricula (Bahrain), International Conference on Physics Education in Cultural Contexts (Cheongwon, Korea), Conference of the Groupe International de Recherche sur l'Enseignement de la Physique (Physics Teacher Education Beyond 2000; Barcelona), International Cooperative Study on Children's Views of Science (Hiroshima, Japan), Annual Convention of the Japan Curriculum Research and Development Association (Hiroshima), OECD conference on Challenge and Change in Science, Mathematics and Technology Education (Canberra), International Conference on Science Education - Moving Towards Worldwide Science Education Standards (Seoul, Korea).

He has given research and policy advice to, and undertaken evaluations for, universities in many countries, national and international research bodies, national and international education systems and other stake holders. More recent examples include:

·      2010 Visiting Professor Autonomous University of Barcelona

·      2009-11 External Assessor Universiti Sains Malaysia

·      2006-8 External Examiner Dept of Mathematics and Science Education, University of Brunei Darussalam

·      2006 Participant in invited National Science Foundation/National Research Council (USA) project to develop a science education research agenda for the next decade (only participant from outside North America)

·      2004-5 Development of science standards for new Victorian science curriculum P-10

·      2002: Bahrain Department of Education on science curriculum, teaching and assessment

·      1997-1999: NSW Board of Studies for development of new curricula for science (yrs 7-10) and physics (yrs 11-12)

·      1996-8: Australian Academy of Science for policy and action on secondary science curricula

·      1997: Evaluation of school science education programs in Mozambique, for Swedish International Development Cooperation, Dept for Democracy and Social Development, Sweden

·      1996: Development work and guidance for a number of science and mathematics curriculum development projects funded by the Netherlands Government in Southern Africa

·      1996-7: Member Working Party for Australian Science, Technology and Engineering Council study on primary school science and technology, to develop advice for Federal Minister of Education

He has extensive experience in evaluation of researchers, and research project and development project applications, and consequent funding allocations: Australian Research Council & National Health and Medical Research Council (Australia) European Commission (each of FP5, FP6, FP7) National Science Foundation (USA) National Research Foundation (South Africa) Israel Science Foundation Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada National Research Council Canada Wellcome Trust (UK).

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: Encyclopedia of Science Education

  • Editors: Richard Gunstone

  • DOI:

  • Publisher: Springer Dordrecht

  • eBook Packages: Springer Reference Education, Reference Module Humanities and Social Sciences

  • Number of Pages: 1200

  • Number of Illustrations: 200 illustrations in colour

  • Topics: Science Education