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Encyclopedia of Mineral and Energy Policy

  • Living reference work
  • © 2020


  • Provides an up-to-date reference source on the subject of mineral and energy policies for 130 countries written by 100 experts
  • Includes a directory of leading international bodies in the mineral and energy sector
  • Covers topics such as geo-conservation, oceanic mineral and energy resources, deep mining technology

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About this book

This Encyclopedia provides a cutting-edge, up-to-date reference source on mineral and energy policies around the world. It offers information on GDP, population, investment scenarios and current environmental regulations in over one hundred thirty countries from 13 geographic regions around the world. It covers topics such as geo-conservation, deep mining technology as well as rare earth, green technology and international organizations that are actively involved in minerals and energy through exploration, arbitration, marketing and investment. Topical entries are presented alphabetically with extensive cross-referencing to ensure user-friendly reading. This Encyclopedia presents the work of more than 20 section editors and more than 100 international experts in the fields of mineral and energy policies. It is designed as a essential resource for researchers, students, libraries, industry, governments, and international organizations and presents a wealth of insights and guidance for corporate planning regarding exploration and financial investments, as well as for venture capitalist and international funding bodies. As such, it provides an indispensable point of reference for future research on mineral and energy policy.

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Table of contents (143 entries)

Editors and Affiliations

  • Agency for International Mineral Policy, MinPol GmbH, Vienna, Austria

    Günter Tiess

  • Ex- Indian School of Mines, Kolkata, India

    Tapan Majumder

  • Centre for Energy, Petroleum and Mineral Law & Policy, University of Dundee, Dundee, United Kingdom

    Peter Cameron

About the editors

Associate Prof. Dr. Guenter Tiess is managing director of MinPol, Agency for international Mineral Policy. MinPol is also running an international network of experts of every branch in the field of minerals policy that is continuously growing ( The network is already by now covering almost all continents, which emphasises the world-wide approach of MinPol. An economy geologist by training (PhD, Habilitation), he has more than fifteen years of experience in research on focused on international mineral policy, mining and sustainability (Montanuniversitaet Leoben [2002 - 2014]; Technical University of Ostrava [since 2015]; since 2011, close relationship with the Department of Mining Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur. During his career, Guenter Tiess has given presentations in international congresses and workshops and delivered publications at conference proceedings and also in peer reviewed journals. He was involved several European Union funded projects as well prepared position papers for EU initiatives. Moreover, Guenter Tiess is the author of the (Springer) books: "General and International Mineral Policy, Focus Europe" and "Legal Basics of Mineral Policy in Europe".

Tapan Majumder Born in India in 1946, completed schooling from Mayo College, Ajmer in 1962, and did graduation, masters and Ph.D in 1975 on Applied Geology from Jadavpur University, Calcutta. Geological mapping, drilling and mineral exploration at Indian Bureau of Mines and Geological Survey of India for 3years. Joined in 1978 the academic faculty of Indian School of Mines, Dept. of Applied Geology in 1978 as Lecturer, subsequently Asst Prof. and Professor with a two year as Dept Head 2001-2003 and was awarded D. Sc in Geology from ISM in 1996. Field of interest: Economic Geology and Ore Geology for metallic and non -metallic, Mineralogy, Sedimentary Geology, Mineral Economics, Geochemistry Coal, Environmental Geology, Geostatistics and Fuzzy Logic. Awarded The Asiatic Society, Calcutta Prof N N Chatterjee Medal for conspicuous contribution in Geology.

     Guided 6 Ph. D, 68 M. Sc and 21 M. Tech student’s thesis.  Published 32 professional papers in nation and international Journals and 2 book chapters. Member of two IGCP related to Igneous (IGBA) and Sedimentary (SEDBA) Database.  Geological field visits within India and in Finland, France, Germany, China, Egypt, Kuwait and Australia. Post retirement working as consultants for Environmental Studies and Impact assessments related to mining, geology and hydro geological aspects of open cast and underground metallic and non-metallic mines, power stations and mini steel plans and mega construction projects.

Peter Cameron is one of the world’s leading authorities on energy and mining law. He is Professor of International Energy Law and Director of the Centre for Energy, Petroleum and Mineral Law and Policy at the University of Dundee in Scotland UK ( Peter is a barrister (England & Wales) and currently sits as an arbitrator in ICSID and ICC proceedings. He is regularly asked to act as an Expert Witness in international arbitral proceedings and litigation.  

He specializes in international investment law: his latest book, introduced by the Secretary General of ICSID, is International Energy Investment Law: The Pursuit of Stability (2nd edn, Oxford University Press, 2021, 864 pages). Peter is co-director of the International Centre for Energy Arbitration, a joint venture between the Scottish Arbitration Centre and the University of Dundee and is a speaker at the next ICCA Conference in Edinburgh in autumn 2022. 

He is an associate tenant at Landmark Chambers, London, and member of the Middle Temple Inn of Court, London. He has been elected a Fellow ofthe Royal Society of Edinburgh. 

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