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Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xxvi
  2. Materials Measurement System

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-102
    2. Andrew Wallard
      Pages 3-16
    3. Michael Ramsey, Nick Boley, Stephen Ellison, Werner Hässelbarth, Hanspeter Ischi, Wolfhard Wegscheider et al.
      Pages 17-94
  3. Measurement Methods for Composition and Structure

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 103-280
    2. Willie May, Richard Cavanagh, Gregory Turk, Michael Winchester, John Travis, Melody Smith et al.
      Pages 105-152
    3. Koji Maeda, Hiroshi Mizubayashi
      Pages 153-227
    4. Martin Seah, Leonardo Chiffre
      Pages 229-280
  4. Measurement Methods for Materials Properties

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 281-607
    2. Sheldon Wiederhorn, Richard Fields, Samuel Low, Gun-Woong Bahng, Alois Wehrstedt, Junhee Hahn et al.
      Pages 283-397
    3. Wolfgang Buck, Steffen Rudtsch
      Pages 399-429
    4. Bernd Schumacher, Heinz-Gunter Bach, Petra Spitzer, Jan Obrzut
      Pages 431-484
    5. Joachim Wecker, Günther Bayreuther, Gunnar Ross, Roland Grössinger
      Pages 485-529
    6. Tadashi Itoh, Tsutomu Araki, Masaaki Ashida, Tetsuo Iwata, Kiyofumi Muro, Noboru Yamada
      Pages 531-607
  5. Measurement Methods for Materials Performance

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 609-912
    2. Bernd Isecke, Michael Schütze, Hans-Henning Strehblow
      Pages 611-684
    3. Ian Hutchings, Mark Gee, Erich Santner
      Pages 685-710
    4. Ina Stephan, Peter Askew, Anna Gorbushina, Manfred Grinda, Horst Hertel, Wolfgang Krumbein et al.
      Pages 711-787
    5. Franz-Georg Simon, Oliver Jann, Ulf Wickström
      Pages 789-829

About this book

Introduction

There is no science without measurements, no quality without testing, and no global markets without standards.
(Commission of the European Union)

 

This Springer Handbook of Materials Measurement Methods compiles advanced methods for materials measurement and characterization from the macroscopic to the nanometer scale. Materials science and its industrial applications require the highest level of accuracy and reliability in the measurement of the properties of materials and the assessment of their safety and reliability. Major technological nations fund large laboratories for testing and measurements that set standards, assess the safety and reliability of materials, and oversee the use of dangerous materials. Behind and beyond the data themselves are the underlying methods whose sophistication and proper use are absolutely necessary to achieve the accuracy, reliability, and safety required by modern technologies. Additionally, the acceleration of the design and creation of new materials via techniques such as molecular modeling and simulation, especially on the nanometer scale, makes the measurement of new materials properties and their characterization ever more critical.

Materials professionals will find clear guidelines and standards for how to measure the full spectrum of materials characteristics of new materials and systems. Since materials science forms a bridge between the more traditional fields of physics, engineering, and chemistry, unifying the varying perspectives and covering the full gamut of properties also serves a useful purpose. This Springer Handbook is the first dedicated to these practical and important considerations.


Key Topics

  • Measurement Principles and Structures
  • Measurement Strategy and Quality
  • Measurement Methods for Composition and Structure: Chemical Composition, Nanoscopic Architecture and Microstructure, Surface and Interface Characterization
  • Measurement Methods for Materials Properties: Mechanical, Thermal, Electrical, Magnetic, Optical
  • Measurement Methods for Materials Performance: Corrosion, Friction and Wear, Biogenic Impact, Materials–Environment Interactions, Performance Control and Condition Monitoring
  • Modeling and Simulation Methods
  • International Standards


Features

  • Develops and explains clear guidelines and standards for the measurement
    of materials and systems characteristics
  • Incorporates over 50 pages with latest international standards referenced in chapters (AATCC, ANSI, AS, ASTM, AWPA, BSI, DIN, EN, IEC, ISO, JIS, NF. OIML, SEP, SN, VDI)
  • Guarantees quick access to data through parts and chapters with summaries, detailed index, and fully searchable CD-ROM
  • Contains over 500 two-color illustrations and over 50 comprehensive tables
  • Delivers a wealth of up-to-date references

Keywords

MRWCat2006 dgao 2007

Editors and affiliations

  • Horst Czichos
    • 1
  • Tetsuya Saito
    • 2
  • Leslie Smith
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Electrical Engineering and Precision EngineeringUniversity of Applied Sciences, TFH BerlinBerlinGermany
  2. 2.National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS)Tsukuba, IbarakiJapan
  3. 3.National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)GaithersburgUS

About the editors

Dr. Horst Czichos is Professor of Mechatronics at the University of Applied Sciences, Berlin, Germany. He graduated with a degree in Precision Engineering and worked as a design engineer in the optical industry. He holds Dipl.-Phys. and Dr.-Ing (Materials Science) degrees from the Free and Technical Universities of Berlin and a Dr. h.c. from KU Leuven. He was President of the German Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (BAM) from 1992 to 2002 and President of the European Federation of National Associations of Measurement, Testing and Analytical Laboratories, EUROLAB (1999 – 2003), and is now its Delegate for the International Affiliates.

Dr. Saito is currently Senior Adviser Emeritus at the National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS) and Chairman of ISO/TC164 (Mechanical Testing of Metals). He received his Dr.-Eng from the University of Tokyo in 1978 and since has held various positions at the National Research Institute for Metals, including Director of Materials Evaluation Division and Deputy Director-General of the Institute.

After retirement from his position as Director of the Materials Science and Engineering Laboratory of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Dr. Leslie Smith is a Research Associate at NIST. He received B.S. and Ph.D. degrees from Case Institute of Technology and the Catholic University of America in physical-organic chemistry and conducted research primarily on the adsorption of polymers and the degradation of polyesters.

Bibliographic information

Reviews

“This is one of some truly immense volumes of information, and this particular volume has 1200 pages of text and contributions by 105 different experts. … It does contain a lot of useful information, and it is beautifully presented and illustrated. There is no doubt that it will be heavily used and deservedly so.” (P.J. Dobson, Contemporary Physics, Vol. 49 (01), January-February, 2008)

"This is an impressive Handbook. It is well referenced and should be an excellent overall general reference for metrology in measurements. The CD ROM is most impressive and makes the Handbook that much more useful. I also like the first several chapters that discuss metrology concepts and ideas and I hope that the Springer Handbook of Materials Measurement Methods is used by scientists and engineers around the world."

Dr. Richard B. Pettit Managing Editor, NCSLI MEASURE, The Journal of Measurement Science

"The book very successfully develops and explains clearly the guidelines and standards for material measurements and the respective characterization of technical systems. More than 50 pages are incorporated which cover the latest standards … . Quick access to the data in the various parts of the book is guaranteed by a detailed index and a fully searchable CD-ROM. … it can only be emphasized that the book represents a must on the desk of every scientist, expert and student involved in materials measurements." (Materialprüfung, Vol. 49 (3), 2007)

"The Springer Handbook of Materials Measurement Methods provides on 1208 pages a concise compilation from more than 100 leading experts in the fields of physics and engineering from all over the world. … is of high value for all pharmaceutical scientists involved in the characterization of drugs, excipients, drug products, devices and packaging materials. … I recommend the Handbook of Materials Measurement Methods as a reference book of high value." (Peter Kleinebudde, European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics, Vol. 66, 2007)

"…an overview of the wide variety of materials measurement procedures is essential for all natural and engineering scientists and – the recently published Springer Handbook of Materials Measurement Methods really closes the gap. …professionals need not only handbooks of materials data but clear guidelines and standards for how to measure the full spectrum of materials characteristics of new materials and systems… Such high requirements could only be matched by the international experience and expertise of the three editors… the book very successfully develops and explains the guidelines and standards… it can only be emphasized that the book represents a must on the desk of every scientist, expert, and student involved in materials measurement.’ Materials Testing (June 2007)

“This is a review article … summarizes all of the important aspects of materials characterization covered in the ‘Springer Handbook of Materials Measurement Methods,’ edited by Horst and his co-editors Tetsuya Saito and Leslie Smith. … The Handbook is supplied with a CD-ROM that makes it … more useful. … If you appreciate the importance of this review article, I am sure that you will be motivated to purchase the complete Springer Handbook ‘Materials Measurement Methods.’” (NCSL International Measure, Vol. 4 (4), December, 2009)