This Handbook provides the most comprehensive account of energy governance in Europe, examining both energy governance at the European level and the development of energy policy in all European countries. Authored by leading scholars from around the globe, the first part of the book offers a broad overview of the history and theories of energy research and covers a wide range of topics, including the global framework of energy governance, strategies and norms of energy policy, and the policy instruments in the field. Furthermore, it examines the internal and external dimensions of energy governance in the European Union. The second part presents in-depth country studies, which investigate national trajectories of energy policy, including an analysis of the policy instruments and coordination mechanisms for energy transformations. This book is a definitive resource for scholars in energy research as well as decision makers in national governments and EU institutions.