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  • Living reference work
  • © 2020

Sustainable Cities and Communities

  • Fosters knowledge to support the UN Sustainable Development Goal to make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

  • Comprehensively describes research, projects and practical action

  • Provides government agencies, education institutions and non-governmental agencies with a sound basis to promote sustainability efforts

  • Covers many countries, very international

  • Fills a market need, being the world´s most comprehensive publication on the topic

Part of the book series: Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals (ENUNSDG)

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Table of contents (102 entries)

  1. Business Continuity Planning

    • Markus Will, Jana Brauweiler
  2. Education for All: Education for a more Inclusive Society

    • José Luis Borau Jordán, Carlos Sánchez Martín, Marian Palánquex Valles
  3. Energy Conservation

    • Kathleen Parrott
  4. Food Security

    • Issa Ibrahim Berchin, Wellyngton Silva de Amorim, José Baltazar Salgueirinho Osório de Andrade Guerra

About this book

The problems related to the process of industrialisation such as biodiversity depletion, climate change and a worsening of health and living conditions, especially but not only in developing countries, intensify. Therefore, there is an increasing need to search for integrated solutions to make development more sustainable. The United Nations has acknowledged the problem and approved the “2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development”. On 1st January 2016, the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the Agenda officially came into force. These goals cover the three dimensions of sustainable development: economic growth, social inclusion and environmental protection.  

The Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals comprehensively addresses the SDGs in an integrated way. The Encyclopedia encompasses 17 volumes, each one devoted to one of the 17 SDGs. This volume addresses SDG 11, namely “Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable”  and contains the description of a range of terms, which allow a better understanding and foster knowledge.  This book presents a set of papers on the state of the art of knowledge and practices about the numerous challenges for cities, solutions and opportunities for the future.

Concretely, the defined targets are:
  • Ensure access for all to adequate, safe and affordable housing and basic services and upgrade slums
  • Provide access to safe, affordable, accessible and sustainable transport systems for all, improving road safety, notably by expanding public transport, with special attention to the needs of those in vulnerable situations, women, children, persons with disabilities and older persons
  • Enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacity for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management in all countries 
  • Strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage
  • Significantly reduce the number of deaths and the number of people affected and substantially decrease the direct economic losses relative to global gross domestic product caused by disasters, including water-related disasters, with a focus on protecting the poor and people in vulnerable situations
  • Reduce the adverse per capita environmental impact of cities, including by paying special attention to air quality and municipal and other waste management
  • Provide universal access to safe, inclusive and accessible, green and public spaces, in particular for women and children, older persons and persons with disabilities 
  • Support positive economic, social and environmental links between urban, peri-urban and rural areas by strengthening national and regional development planning
  • Substantially increase the number of cities and human settlements adopting and implementing integrated policies and plans towards inclusion, resource efficiency, mitigation and adaptation to climate change, resilience to disasters, and develop and implement, in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015–2030, holistic disaster risk management at all levels 
  • Support least developed countries, including through financial and technical assistance, in building sustainable and resilient buildings utilizing local materials

Editorial Board

Samuel Borges Barbosa, Luciana Londero Brandli, Elisa Conticelli, Erin A. Hopkins, Olga Kuznetsova, Astrid Skjerven, Hari Srinivas


  • Sustainability
  • Sustainable Development
  • Cities
  • Research
  • Innovation
  • Governance
  • Urban Development
  • World's Population
  • Resilience
  • Land and Urban Planning



Editors and Affiliations

  • European School of Sustainability, Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Hamburg, Germany

    Walter Leal Filho

  • Center for Neuroscience & Cell Biology, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal

    Anabela Marisa Azul

  • Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Passo Fundo University Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Passo Fundo, Brazil

    Luciana Brandli

  • Istinye University, Istanbul, Turkey

    Pinar Gökcin Özuyar

  • International Centre for Thriving, University of Chester, Chester, United Kingdom

    Tony Wall

About the editors

Walter Leal Filho (BSc, PhD, DSc, DPhil, DEd, DL, DLitt) is a Senior Professor and Head of the Research and Transfer Centre "Sustainable Development and Climate Change Management” at Hamburg University of Applied Sciences in Germany, and Chair of Environment and Technology at Manchester Metropolitan University, UK. He is the initiator of the Word Sustainable Development Symposia (WSSD-U) series, and chairs the Inter-University Sustainable Development Research Programme. Professor Leal Filho has written, co-written, edited or co-edited more than 400 publications, including books, book chapters and papers in refereed journals. 

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: Sustainable Cities and Communities

  • Editors: Walter Leal Filho, Anabela Marisa Azul, Luciana Brandli, Pinar Gökcin Özuyar, Tony Wall

  • Series Title: Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals

  • DOI:

  • Publisher: Springer Cham

  • eBook Packages: Springer Reference Earth & Environm. Science, Reference Module Physical and Materials Science

  • Series ISSN: 2523-7403

  • Series E-ISSN: 2523-7411

  • Topics: Environmental Social Sciences