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  • Living reference work
  • © 2020

Handbook of Nanofibers

  • Discusses novel approaches and challenges for scaling up the production of nanofibers

  • Lists the several potential applications of nanofibers in different sectors

  • Provides a complete reference on nanofibers, from the experimental set-up for their production to their commercialization

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Table of contents (35 entries)

  1. A Broad Family of Carbon Nanomaterials: Classification, Properties, Synthesis, and Emerging Applications

    • Ahmed Barhoum, Ahmed Esmail Shalan, Soliman I. El-Hout, Gomaa A. M. Ali, Sabah M. Abdelbasir, Esraa Samy Abu Serea et al.
  2. Advances in Melt Electrospinning Technique

    • Mahmoud Mohammed Bubakir, Haoyi Li, Ahmed Barhoum, Weimin Yang
  3. Application of Nanofibers in Ophthalmic Tissue Engineering

    • Davood Kharaghani, Muhammad Qamar Khan, Ick Soo Kim
  4. Carbohydrate-Based Nanofibers: Applications and Potentials

    • Sajad Bahrami, Moein Adel, Fariba Esmaeili, Seyed Mahdi Rezayat, Bita Mehravi, Masoumeh Zahmatkeshan
  5. Carbon-Based Nanofibers: Fullerenes, Diamond, and Carbon Nanostructures

    • Charu Misra, Awadh Bihari Yadav, Rahul Kumar Verma
  6. Cellulose Nanofibers: Fabrication and Surface Functionalization Techniques

    • Kai Zhang, Ahmed Barhoum, Chen Xiaoqing, Li Haoyi, Pieter Samyn
  7. Characterization and Evaluation of Nanofiber Materials

    • Taha Roodbar Shojaei, Abdollah Hajalilou, Meisam Tabatabaei, Hossein Mobli, Mortaza Aghbashlo
  8. Design of Heterogeneities and Interfaces with Nanofibers in Fuel Cell Membranes

    • Marta Zatoń, Sara Cavaliere, Deborah J. Jones, Jacques Rozière
  9. Design of Porous, Core-Shell, and Hollow Nanofibers

    • Maryam Yousefzadeh, Farzaneh Ghasemkhah
  10. Different Methods for Nanofiber Design and Fabrication

    • Ibrahim Alghoraibi, Sandy Alomari
  11. Dyeing of Electrospun Nanofibers

    • Muzamil Khatri, Umair Ahmed Qureshi, Farooq Ahmed, Zeeshan Khatri, Ick Soo Kim
  12. Electrospun Membranes for Airborne Contaminants Capture

    • Riyadh Al-Attabi, Y. S. Morsi, Jürg A. Schütz, Ludovic F. Dumée
  13. Electrospun Nanofibrous Scaffolds: A Versatile Therapeutic Tool for Cancer Management

    • Preethi Gu, S. Maya, B. S. Unnikrishnan, T. T. Sreelekha
  14. Emerging Applications of Cellulose Nanofibers

    • Ahmed Barhoum, Haoyi Li, Mingjun Chen, Lisheng Cheng, Weimin Yang, Alain Dufresne
  15. Engineering Nanofibers as Electrode and Membrane Materials for Batteries, Supercapacitors, and Fuel Cells

    • Liu Haichao, Li Haoyi, Mahmoud M Bubakir, Yang Weimin, Ahmed Barhoum
  16. Fabrication of Nanofibers: Electrospinning and Non-Electrospinning Techniques

    • Dalapathi Gugulothu, Ahmed Barhoum, Raghunandan Nerella, Ramkishan Ajmer, Mikhael Bechlany
  17. Functional Nanofiber for Drug Delivery Applications

    • Rana Imani, Maryam Yousefzadeh, Shirin Nour

About this book

This Handbook covers all aspects related to Nanofibers, from the experimental set-up for their fabrication to their potential industrial applications. It describes several kinds of nanostructured fibers such as metal oxides, natural polymers, synthetic polymers and hybrids inorganic-polymers or carbon-based materials. The first part of the Handbook covers the fundamental aspects, experimental setup, synthesis, properties and physico-chemical characterization of nanofibers. Specifically, this part details the history of nanofibers, different techniques to design nanofibers, self-assembly in nanofibers, critical parameters of synthesis, fiber alignment, modeling and simulation, types and classifications of nanofibers, and signature physical and chemical properties (i.e. mechanical, electrical, optical and magnetic), toxicity and regulations, bulk and surface functionalization and other treatments to allow them to a practical use. Characterization methods are also deeply discussed here. The second part of the Handbook deals with global markets and technologies and emerging applications of nanofibers, such as in energy production and storage, aerospace, automotive, sensors, smart textile design, energy conversion, tissue engineering, medical implants, pharmacy and cosmetics. Attention is given to the future of research in these areas in order to improve and spread the applications of nanofibers and their commercialization.


  • Nanofiber production
  • Hollow nanofibers
  • Polymer nanofiber
  • Metal oxide nanofiber
  • Carbon-based nanofibers
  • Smart textiles
  • Tissue engineering
  • Water treatment
  • Nanofiber reference work

Editors and Affiliations

  • Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Department of Materials and Chemistry (M Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Brussels, Belgium

    Ahmed Barhoum

  • Montpellier, France

    Mikhael Bechelany

  • University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, Edinburg, USA

    Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf

About the editors

Dr. Ahmed Barhoum is a postdoc researcher at VUB University (Belgium). He obtained his Ph.D. degree in Chemical Engineering “Nanoparticles and Nanostructured materials: from synthesis to application” from Faculty of Engineering, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) in Belgium. Ahmed Barhoum joined top research groups in Europe and USA including European Institute of Membranes (CNRS, France), Grenoble Institute of Technology (CNRS, France), Leibniz Universitaet Hannover (Germany). His current research interest focuses on fabrication of nanostructured materials for applications in multifunctional coating, sensing, Li-ion batteries, supercapacitors, photocatalytic applications and hydrogen fuel production. Ahmed Barhoum has been appointed as apotential reviewer for many peer-reviewed journals including ACS publication, Elsevier, Springer, Wiley, Bentham Science, etc. Ahmed Barhoum is the recipient of the FWO-Research Foundation Flanders grant (2016), FWO-Research Foundation Flanders grant (2015), Medastar Erasmus Mundus Program Scholarship (2012), Campus France Scholarship (2012), and Welcome Erasmus Mundus Program Scholarship (2012). Currently, Barhoum is on the editorial board of peer-reviewed journals (Research & Reviews: Journal of Chemistry and Chemistry of Advanced Materials) and Editor-in-chief of Handbook of nanoparticles and architectural nanostructured materials (1000 pages) at Elsevier.

Dr. Mikhael Bechelany (born in March 1979) obtained his PhD in Materials Chemistry from the University of Lyon (France) in 2006. His PhD work was devoted to the synthesis and characterization of silicon and boron based 1D nanostructures (nanotubes, nanowires and nanocables). Then, he worked as a post-doc at EMPA (Switzerland). His research included the fabrication of nanomaterials (nanoparticles and nanowires), their organization and their nanomanipulation for applications in different field such as photovoltaic, robotic, chemical and bio-sensing. In 2010, he became a Scientist at CNRS. His current research interest in the European Institute of Membranes (UMR CNRS 5635) in Montpellier (France) focuses on novel synthesis methods for metals and ceramics nanomaterials like Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD), Electrospinning and/or on the nanostructuring using natural lithography (nanospheres and/or membranes). His research efforts include the design of nanostructured membranes for energy (gas separation, photovoltaic, biofuel cells and osmotic energy harvesting), environmental (water treatment, (bio)sensors and packaging) and health (DNA sequencing, tissue engineering, drug delivery). He is the author and co-author of more than 100 publications, 3 book chapters, 4 patents, 21 conference papers and 22 invited talks, and he is the co-organizer of 7 conferences and the co-founder of 2 start-up.

Prof. Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf has accrued 26 years’ experience working in R&D with a strong blend of industrial and academic leadership as a Professor of Materials Science, Professor of Advanced “nano-bio” Manufacturing Engineering, and Materials & Metallurgical Engineering Consultant. Responsible for providing education leadership in STEM area, maintaining a high standard of quality in graduate and undergraduate teaching, connecting R&D to industrial applications, and providing consultancy for several leading international companies, funding agencies, universities, and publishers of high profile. He is a world-renowned academician who won numerous national and international prestigious prizes and awards such as Humboldt Research Award for Experienced Scientists at Max Planck Institute, Germany; Fulbright, NSF, and Dept. of Energy Fellowships, USA; Shoman Award in Engineering Science; State Prize of Egypt in Advanced Science and Technology; and many more. He has well-established national and international reputation in five critical research areas that serve the top priority research topics (Energy, Health, Environment, Advanced manufacturing, Advanced materials) with established evidence of academic excellence. The publication list (+220) includes 17 books and handbooks for Springer and Elsevier, covers a broad and cross‐disciplinary research competence in advanced multifunctional materials, nanotechnology, smart coatings, corrosion, biomaterials, waste/water treatment, and materials for energy applications.  He has a proven leading role in high-impact interdisciplinary collaborations with a broad range of academic, industrial or governmental partners. He has strong track record of winning research income from diverse sources through competitive grants, industry grants or consultancies. He developed articulation agreements for academic and research collaboration with many international institutions and coordinated several Int'l projects with USA, France, Germany. PI, Co-PI, consultant or team leader on several international grants - and NSF, DOE-funded grants. Makhlouf has proven effective management at department/college/university levels and strong leadership at the national and international levels as organizer, head speaker and chair at numerous highly prestigious conferences. Senior Editor and board member of many international journals. Advisory Editor for Elsevier Publications, USA. Reviewer for several international funding agencies in USA, Germany, UK, Qatar, Belgium, EU, Kazakhstan. Consultant/Reviewer for several international universities. He is an accessible teacher who seeks to inspire and encourage his students to succeed. Created several courses for mechanical and manufacturing engineering master students and received a very high teaching evaluation. Effectively supervised and graduated 10 PhD and master’s students, and 3 postdoctoral scientists.

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: Handbook of Nanofibers

  • Editors: Ahmed Barhoum, Mikhael Bechelany, Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf

  • DOI:

  • Publisher: Springer Cham

  • eBook Packages: Springer Reference Chemistry & Mat. Science, Reference Module Physical and Materials Science

  • Number of Pages: 1000

  • Topics: Nanotechnology, Microsystems and MEMS, Nanophysics, Nanochemistry