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  • Living reference work
  • © 2020

Encyclopedia of Contemporary Constitutionalism


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  • Is the only comprehensive Encyclopedia on contemporary constitutionalism

  • Covers all topics in constitutional with reference to ongoing changes

  • Investigates the developments in the different parts of the world through the expertise of the best researchers from the various regions

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Table of contents (88 entries)

  1. Asylum Law in North America

    • Dagmar Soennecken
  2. Big Data Robotics and Rights

    • Agata C. Amato Mangiameli
  3. Concept of State as a Sovereign Entity

    • Alfonso J. Iglesias Velasco
  4. Constitution, Interpretation

    • Mirosław Granat
  5. Constitutional (Mixed) Monarchy

    • Marcin Michał Wiszowaty
  6. Constitutional Complaint

    • Anna Rytel-Warzocha

About this book

This Encyclopedia covers the developments of a wide variety of constitutional law topics, taking a global perspective. It discusses these constitutional law topics in detail and provides analyses of their transformation from traditional structures to the current phenomena. The volumes focus on constitutional topics as changing phenomena, offer in-depth comparative analyses at the national, regional and universal level, consider the international context, and reveal the cultural, historical and social relation between topics. Specifically, the volumes consider regional perspectives from legal cultures in Europe, North America, Latin America, Asia , Africa, and Australia. They discuss and provide examples of the common features and differences of specific legal phenomena such as constitutional justice, fundamental rights protection, and institutional systems, in the various countries and legal systems discussed. In the analyses of these topics, the chapters and volumes take into account the historical, sociological and philosophical context. 

Constitutional law in the world is characterized both by the emergence of universal principles and the consolidation of regional particularities due to specific cultural orientations, historical factors and political impact. In the last decades, constitutional law has undergone profound changes; traditional concepts which seemed to be firmly established have proven to be no longer appropriate for the new developments which are characterized by growing internationalization, dynamic transfers of legal ideas by a manifold transnational “dialogue”, integration processes, and new challenges resulting from technological progress.


Javier Cremades
Cremades & Calvo-Sotelo Abogados, Madrid, Spain

Cristina Hermida del Llano
Public Law II & Philology Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Madrid, Spain

Section Editors

  • Digital Democracy, -E-Democracy: James Black, World Jurist Association, Jericho, USA
  • Gender Equality: Teresa Freixes, Royal European Academy of Doctors, Barcelona, Spain
  • Asylum, Migration and Borders: Michael Griesbeck, Universität Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany
  • Rule of Law and Constitutional Justice: Bianca Gutan, University of Sibiu, Sibiu, Romania
  • Constitution, State, Constitutional Basics: Cristina Hermida del Llano, University Rey Juan Carlos Madrid, Madrid, Spain
  • Threats to Constitutional Systems: Antonio Incampo, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Bari, Italy
  • Protection of Minorities in Constitutional Law: Giorgi Khubua, Steinbeis University, Berlin, Germany
  • Asylum, Migration and Borders: Winfried Kluth, Universität Halle, Halle, Deutschland
  • Constitutional Law in Humanities (Philosophy, Literature, Art): Raúl Madrid, Pontifical Catholic University of Chile, Santiago, Chile
  • Rule of Law and Constitutional Justice: José Ignacio Martínez-Estay, Universidad de los Andes, Santiago de Chile, Chile
  • Fundamental Rights (FR): Luca Mezzetti, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
  • Territorial Organization, Federalism, Regionalism: Francesco Palermo, University of Verona and Eurac Research, Bolzano/Bozen, Italy
  • Environmental Constitutionalism: Vasco Pereira da Silva, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal
  • International /Supranational Law: Sinisa Rodin, Court of Justice of the EU, Kirchberg, Luxembourg
  • History of Constitutional Law: Enrique San Miguel Pérez, Rey Juan Carlos University, Madrid, Spain
  • Constitutional aspects of the States of Emergency: Diego Solana, Cremades & Calvo-Sotelo, Madrid, Spain
  • Conversations with Global leaders: Teodora Toma, Cremades & Calvo-Sotelo, Madrid, Spain
  • Political Ideology and Constitutionalism: Alessandro Torre, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Bari, Italy
  • Institutions: Arta Vorpsi, Tirana University Law Faculty, Tirana, Albania


  • Contemporary Constitutionalism
  • Fundamental rights protection
  • Common structures of constitutional justice
  • Constitutional interpretation
  • Democracy and Government
  • Democracy, Republic and Monarchy
  • Parties and electoral systems
  • Fundamental rights and their internationalization
  • Human dignity and personality rights
  • Classical freedoms and political rights
  • Economic and social rights
  • Judicial protection of fundamental rights
  • Legislator and constitutional justice
  • Constitutional justice and the political process
  • State Constitution and international law

Editors and Affiliations

  • Cremades & Calvo-Sotelo Abogados, Madrid, Spain

    Javier Cremades

  • Public Law II & Philology, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Madrid, Spain

    Cristina Hermida

About the editors

Prof. Dr. Dres. h.c. Rainer Arnold, was appointed, in 1978, at the University of Regensburg, holder of the Chair of Public Law, in particular Comparative Law, EC Law, Economic Administrative Law, Public Law of Foreign Countries and  in 1999 also holder of the Jean Monnet Chair of EC Law. He was awarded in 2008 holder of the Jean Monnet Chair ad personam “Legal Relation of the EU with Central, Eastern and South-Eastern Europe”. In 2000 he was nominated a permanent Visiting Professor (Hostující Profesor) at Charles University Prague. From 2002 – 2012 he was director of the German Studies Program DSG at Moscow State University Lomonosov. He was elected Corresp. Member of the Academy of Sciences of Bologna (2002), Membre associé (2002) and in 2015 ordinary member of the Académie internationale de droit comparé (2002) as well as Fellow of the European Law Institute (2010). He was a Fernand Braudel Fellow and repeatedly Visiting Fellow at the European University Institute, Florence, as well as Visiting Professor at the Universities Paris I, Paris II, Strasbourg, Toulouse, Aix-en-Provence, Trento, Rome La Sapienza, Bologna, Lisbon, Santiago de Chile, etc. He was awarded Dr. h.c. by the University of Law of the National Academy of Sciencs of the Ukraine, Kiev, (2012) of the University Alba Iulia “1st of December 1918”, Romania (2013), and of the University of Pitesti, Romania (2014). His research fields and numerous international publications focus on Comparative Constitutional Law, EU law, and Human Rights.

Bibliographic Information