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  • Reference work
  • © 2021

Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics


  • Vital resource for Geophysics students and professionals

  • Details well-established and newly emerging concepts

  • Features contributions by over 340 leading authorities

Part of the book series: Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series (EESS)

Buying options

eBook USD 499.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-58631-7
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book USD 499.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

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Table of contents (256 entries)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xxxv
  2. A

    1. Absolute Age Determinations: Radiometric

      • Richard W. Carlson
      Pages 1-8
    2. Anthropogenic Seismicity Related to Exploitation of Georesources

      • Stanislaw Lasocki, Beata Orlecka-Sikora
      Pages 8-15
    3. Archaeomagnetism

      • Donald H. Tarling
      Pages 15-19
  3. B

    1. Biogeophysics

      • Lee Slater, Estella Atekwana
      Pages 33-37
    2. Body Waves

      • Mahmoud Mohamed Selim Saleh
      Pages 37-44
    3. Borehole Seismic Networks and Arrays

      • Marco Bohnhoff, Peter Malin
      Pages 44-52
  4. C

    1. Characteristic Earthquakes and Seismic Gaps

      • David D. Jackson, Yan Y. Kagan
      Pages 53-56
    2. Continental Crustal Structure

      • Rolf Meissner, Hartmut Kern
      Pages 56-63
    3. Continental Drift

      • Alan G. Smith
      Pages 63-64
    4. Continental Rifts

      • A. M. Celâl Şengör
      Pages 64-78
    5. Core Dynamo

      • Ulrich R. Christensen
      Pages 78-86
    6. Core-Mantle Coupling

      • Paul H. Roberts, Jonathan M. Aurnou
      Pages 86-101
    7. Crustal Reflectivity (Oceanic) and Magma Chamber

      • Satish C. Singh
      Pages 101-112
    8. Curie Temperature

      • Vincenzo Pasquale
      Pages 112-113
  5. D

    1. Deep Scientific Drilling

      • Ulrich Harms, Harold Tobin
      Pages 115-127
    2. Deep Seismic Reflection and Refraction Profiling

      • Kabir Roy Chowdhury
      Pages 127-144
  6. E

    1. Earth Rotation

      • Harald Schuh, Sigrid Böhm
      Pages 149-155

About this book

In the 21st century the importance of earth sciences in the pursuit of knowledge and understanding of the planet on which we live, has increased tremendously. Above all, they address the challenge of enriching human lives with the bounties of nature, while preserving the planet for future generations. The chief goals of Solid Earth Geophysics are to define and quantify the internal structure and processes of the Earth in terms of physical principles, and to provide an essential framework that allied disciplines can employ for more focused investigations.

The earliest version of The Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics was released by Van Nostrand Reinhold publishing company in 1989. More than two decades later, a completely revised and updated version, edited by Prof. Harsh K. Gupta, was published in 2011. Including over 200 articles authored by specialists from all over the world, it was very well received.

Reflecting the rapid advances in Solid Earth Geophysics over the past decade and the global need for an authentic update, this new edition of the Encyclopedia presents over 250 articles covering established and new concepts in Geophysics across various sub-disciplines such as Gravity, Geodesy, Geomagnetism, Seismology, Seismics, Deep Earth Processes, Plate Tectonics, Thermal Domains, Computational Methods, etc. in a systematic and consistent format. 

Offering an authoritative and current up-to-date reference source with extraordinary scope and gathering expert contributions by more than 300 authors around the globe, the new edition will serve as a valuable and cherished source of information for current and future generations of professionals.

Review from the first edition:

“The Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics … nicely brings together numerous geophysical topics and presents this sometimes dry, mathematical and abstract field in a language comprehensible to researchers, teachers, students, and professional geophysicists. … the new encyclopedia should be of great interest to petroleum explorers, researchers and educators as well. … A list of references at the end of each article directs the interested reader for further research.” (Rasoul Sorkhabi, GEO ExPro, September, 2013)


  • Deep Earth Processes
  • Earth science encyclopedia
  • Lithosphere
  • Mathematical geophysics
  • Plate tectonics
  • Potential fields
  • Seismology
  • Solid earth geophysics
  • Solid earth science
  • Geophysics
  • Geodynamics
  • Natural Hazards
  • remote sensing/photogrammetry

Editors and Affiliations

  • National Geophysical Research Institute, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Hyderabad, India

    Harsh K. Gupta

About the editor

Harsh K. Gupta is currently a Member of the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (India) and President of the Geological Society of India. He has previously been a Member of National Disaster Management Authority (India), Secretary to the Government of India, Department of Ocean Development, Director of the National Geophysical Research Institute, Hyderabad, Vice Chancellor of Cochin University of Science and Technology and a Professor at the University of Texas at Dallas, USA. He is internationally respected for his work on artificial water reservoir-triggered earthquakes and developing criteria to distinguish them from normal earthquakes. As the Leader of the 3rd Indian Scientific Expedition to Antarctica during 1983-84, he succeeded in setting up India’s first permanent Antarctic research station ‘Dakshin Gangotri’ in just one Antarctic summer, which is still a record. 

He chaired the Steering Committee of the Global Seismic Hazard Program. After the disastrous 2004 Sumatra earthquake, he spearheaded the establishment of the Indian Tsunami Early Warning system. He has published over 200 articles in reviewed journals, authored 5 books that have been published by Elsevier and Springer. He is a recipient of e.g. the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize; Waldo E. Smith Medal of American Geophysical Union; USSR Academy of Sciences ‘100 years of International Geophysics Memorial Medal’; the Axford Gold Medal of the Asia Oceania Geosciences Society (AOGS) and the National Mineral Award of Excellence among many honors. He is a Fellow of the Indian National Science Academy, The World Academy of Sciences and American Geophysical Union. He has been President of the IUGG, the AOGS and is the Founder President of the Asian Seismological Commission.

Bibliographic Information

Buying options

eBook USD 499.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-030-58631-7
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book USD 499.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)