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  • Living reference work
  • Open Access
  • © 2020

The Vision Zero Handbook

Theory, Technology and Management for a Zero Casualty Policy

  • Is the major source for everyone working with Vision Zero.

  • Brings together all the major topics of the subject in one publication.

  • Presents a new road safety paradigm that can be applied to many other areas.

  • Introduces a way of thinking about goal setting and implementation that differs from traditional thinking.

  • This book is open access, which means that you have free and unlimited access.

Table of contents (40 entries)

  1. Adoption of Safe Systems in the United States

    • Jeffrey P. Michael, Leah Shahum, Jeffrey F. Paniati
    Open Access
  2. Arguments Against Vision Zero: A Literature Review

    • Henok Girma Abebe, Sven Ove Hansson, Karin Edvardsson Björnberg
    Open Access
  3. Automated Vehicles – How Do They Relate to Vision Zero

    • Anders Lie, Claes Tingvall, Maria Håkansson, Ola Boström
    Open Access
  4. Driver Distraction: Mechanisms, Evidence, Prevention, and Mitigation

    • Michael A. Regan, Oscar Oviedo-Trespalacios
    Open Access
  5. Liberty, Paternalism, and Road Safety

    • Sven Ove Hansson
    Open Access
  6. Responsibility in Road Traffic

    • Sven Ove Hansson
    Open Access
  7. Road Safety Analysis

    • Matteo Rizzi, Johan Strandroth
    Open Access
  8. Rural Road Design According to the Safe System Approach

    • Helena Stigson, Anders Kullgren, Lars-Erik Andersson
    Open Access
  9. Saving Lives Beyond 2020: The Next Steps

    • Claes Tingvall, Jeffrey Michael, Peter Larsson, Anders Lie, Maria Segui-Gomez, Shaw Voon Wong et al.
    Open Access
  10. Speed and Technology: Different Modus of Operandi

    • Matts-Åke Belin, Anna Vadeby
    Open Access
  11. Speed-Limits in Local Streets: Lessons from a 30 km/h Trial in Victoria, Australia

    • Brian N. Fildes, Brendan Lawrence, Luke Thompson, Jennie Oxley
    Open Access
  12. Suicide in the Transport System

    • Anna-Lena Andersson, Kenneth Svensson
    Open Access
  13. Sustainable Safety: A Short History of a Safe System Approach in the Netherlands

    • Fred Wegman, Letty Aarts, Peter van der Knaap
    Open Access
  14. The Development of the “Vision Zero” Approach in Victoria, Australia

    • Samantha Cockfield, David Healy, Anne Harris, Allison McIntyre, Antonietta Cavallo
    Open Access
  15. Traffic Safety in India and Vision Zero

    • Geetam Tiwari, Dinesh Mohan
    Open Access

About this book

This handbook provides a comprehensive treatment of Vision Zero, an innovative policy on public road safety developed in Sweden. Covering all the major topics of the subject, the book starts out with a thorough examination of the philosophy, ideas and principles behind Vision Zero. It looks at conditions for the effectiveness of the policy, principles of safety and responsibility as well as critique on the policy. Next, the handbook focuses on how the Vision Zero ideas have been received and implemented in various legislations and countries worldwide. It takes into account the way Vision Zero is looked at in the context of international organizations such as the WHO, the UN, and the OECD. This allows for a comparison of systems, models and effects. The third part of the handbook discusses the management and leadership aspects, including ISO standards, equity issues, other goals for traffic and transportation, and opportunities for the car industry. Part four delves into tools, technologies and organizational measures that contribute to the implementation of Vision Zero in road traffic. Examples of specific elements discussed are urban and rural road designs, human factor designs, and avoiding drunk and distracted driving. The final part of the handbook offers perspectives on the transfer of Vision Zero policy to other areas, ranging from air traffic to suicide prevention and nuclear energy.

Vision Zero is a public road safety policy including both a long-term goal that no one shall be killed or seriously injured as a consequence of accidents in road traffic and a safety principle stating that the design and function of the road transport system shall be adapted to meet the requirements that follow from that goal. It is a new road safety paradigm which has resulted in new types of responsibilities among stakeholders, technological innovations, and new strategies and organizational measures to achieve a safe system. The road safety work based on Vision Zero has shown promising results, and although Sweden has not yet reached a safe system, the number of fatalities and severe injuries has decreased substantially.

This is an open access book.


  • Vision Zero Society
  • Vision Zero Example
  • Vision Zero Principle
  • Challenges Vision Zero
  • Vision Zero Human Factor Design
  • Vision Zero Workplace
  • Vision Zero Safety
  • Vision Zero Design
  • Vision Zero Health Safety
  • Vision Zero Criticism
  • Vision Zero best practice
  • Vision Zero policy
  • Vision Zero nudge
  • Vision Zero nudging
  • What is vision zero
  • Vision Zero Sweden
  • Vision Zero International
  • Vision Zero USA
  • Vision Zero Car
  • Vision Zero risk management
  • Open Access


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Editors and Affiliations

  • KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden

    Karin Edvardsson Björnberg

  • KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Division of Philosophy, Stockholm, Sweden

    Sven Ove Hansson

  • Swedish Transport Administration, Borlänge, Sweden

    Matts-Åke Belin

  • Chalmers Tekniska Högskola, Göteborg, Sweden

    Claes Tingvall

About the editors

Karin Edvardsson Björnberg is associate professor of environmental philosophy in the Department of Philosophy and History at the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm. She has led several research projects on goal-setting in climate adaptation, delay mechanisms in environmental policy, and ethics of biodiversity offsetting. She takes an interest in risk and safety issues and has published articles on EU regulation of genetically modified crops and goal-setting in road traffic safety policy. She currently serves as scientific expert at the Swedish Ethical Review Authority and is vice director of third cycle education at the School of Architecture and the Built Environment (KTH).

Sven Ove Hansson is professor emeritus in philosophy at the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm. He is a leading researcher in the philosophy of risk and safety. He is also active

in other areas of philosophy, in particular the philosophy of science and technology, decision theory, logic, and moral and political philosophy. He is editor-in-chief of Theoria and of the two book series Outstanding Contributions to Logic and Philosophy, Technology, and Society. He is member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences and past president of the Society for Philosophy and Technology. Hansson has published seventeen books and about 390 papers in refereed international journals and books. His books include The Ethics of Risk (2013), The Ethics of Technology. Methods and Approaches (edited, 2017), and Responsibility for Health (forthcoming, 2022).

Matts-Åke Belin is adjunct professor at the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, and he has worked as senior policy advisor at the Swedish Transport Administration where he was responsible for the development of Vision Zero Academy. Since January 2022, Dr. Belin has joined the World Health Organization where he will be leading efforts by WHO to support member states and other global actors in the implementation of the Global Plan for the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2021-2030.

Claes Tingvall is adjunct professor at the Division of Vehicle Engineering and Autonomous Systems, Chalmers University of Technology, and at the Accident Research Centre, Monash University. He is also a Senior Consultant at the engineering and design company AFRY. Previously, as Director of Traffic Safety at the Swedish Transport Administration, he had a decisive role in the creation of Vision Zero. He continues to have a leading role in international discussions on Vision Zero and traffic safety in general

Bibliographic Information

  • Book Title: The Vision Zero Handbook

  • Book Subtitle: Theory, Technology and Management for a Zero Casualty Policy

  • Editors: Karin Edvardsson Björnberg, Sven Ove Hansson, Matts-Åke Belin, Claes Tingvall

  • DOI:

  • Publisher: Springer Cham

  • eBook Packages: Springer Reference Political Science and International Studies, Reference Module Humanities and Social Sciences, Reference Module Business, Economics and Social Sciences

  • License: CC BY

  • Number of Pages: XX, 1240

  • Number of Illustrations: 34 b/w illustrations, 185 illustrations in colour

  • Topics: Public Policy, Health Policy, Operations Research/Decision Theory, Innovation/Technology Management, Social Policy