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  • Living reference work
  • © 2020

Encyclopedia of Sustainable Management

  • Presents the most comprehensive and up-to-date reference work on sustainability in business and management

  • Includes definitions and established knowledge on more than 700 entries

  • Covers all aspects of management including operations, marketing, HR and strategy

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Table of contents (771 entries)

  1. Base of the Pyramid

    • Maria Roszkowska-Menkes
  2. Basel Recommendations on Corporate Governance Principles for Banks

    • Olufemi Sallyanne Decker, Patricia Ntozi-Obwale
  3. Behavioral Finance

    • Pedro Manuel Nogueira Reis, António Pedro Soares Pinto
  4. Benchmarking

    • Andrea Venturelli
  5. Benefit Corporations

    • Giorgia Nigri
  6. Big Data and Data Mining

    • Alexandra Korcheva
  7. Biodiversity

    • Stefania Massari, Federica De Leo, Pier Paolo Miglietta, Marcello Ruberti
  8. Biodiversity Education

    • Lili-Ann Wolff
  9. Biomimicry

    • Gülden Köktürk
  10. Bioremediation

    • Pedro Antonio Martín Cervantes, Parisa Ziarati, Pablo de Frutos Madrazo
  11. Black Economic Empowerment

    • Sinikiwe Mzezewa
  12. Blue Circular Economy

    • Debbie Haski-Leventhal
  13. Blue Economy (Sustainability)

    • Isa Olalekan Elegbede, Shehu Latunji Akintola, Abayomi Abdul-Azeez Jimoh, Toheeb Lekan Jolaosho, Simone Smith-Godfrey, Anabela Oliveira et al.
  14. Blue Ocean Strategy

    • Elif Gulen Rady
  15. Board Capital

    • Fabrizia Sarto

About this book

This encyclopedia is the most comprehensive and up-to-date source of reference for sustainability in business and management. It covers both traditional and emerging concepts and terms and is fully international in its scope. More than 700 contributions of internationally renowned experts provide a definitive access to the knowledge in the area of sustainable and responsible management. All actors in the field will find reliable and up to date definitions and explanations of the key terms and concepts of management in this reference work. The Encyclopedia of Sustainable Management represents all aspects of management and business conduct. It takes sustainability as a management concept that gives due credit to the complexity and diverging constraints in which businesses and corporations act today, and it emphasizes and focuses approaches that help ensure that today's management decisions and actions will be the basis for tomorrow's prosperity. 

Editors and Affiliations

  • London Metropolitan University, Guildhall Faculty of Business and Law London Metropolitan University, London, United Kingdom

    Samuel Idowu

  • Cologne Business School, Ingolstadt, Germany

    René Schmidpeter

  • College of Business, Loyola University New Orleans, New Orleans, USA

    Nicholas Capaldi

  • International Training Centre of the IL, International Labor Organization, Turin, Italy

    Liangrong Zu

  • Department of Economics, Society and Politics, University of Urbino Carlo Bo, Urbino, Italy

    Mara Del Baldo

  • Instituto Politécnico da Guarda, Guarda, Portugal

    Rute Abreu

About the editors

Samuel O Idowu is a senior lecturer in Accounting and Corporate Social Responsibility at the Guildhall School of Business and Law, London Metropolitan University where he is currently the course leader for the MSc Corporate Social Responsibility & Sustainability and Advanced Diploma in Professional Development (ADPD) Corporate Social Responsibility & Sustainability. Samuel is a Professor of CSR and Sustainability at Nanjing University of Finance & Economics, China. He is a fellow member of the Chartered Governance Institute, a fellow of the Royal Society of Arts, a Liveryman of the Worshipful Company of Chartered Governance Institute and a named freeman of the City of London.  He is the President and Deputy CEO of the Global Corporate Governance Institute an international network of CSR scholars. Samuel has published over fifty articles in both professional and academic journals and contributed chapters in several edited books and is the Editor-in-Chief of three major global reference books by Springer – the Encyclopedia of Corporate Social Responsibility (ECSR), the Dictionary of Corporate Social Responsibility (DCSR) and the Encyclopaedia of Sustainable Management (ESM) and he is a Series Editor for Springer’s CSR, Sustainability, Ethics and Governance books. Samuel is an Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Corporate Social Responsibility and the American Journal of Economics and Business Administration. Samuel has been in academia for more than 30 years winning one of the Highly Commended Awards of Emerald Literati Network Awards for Excellence in 2008 and 2014. In 2010, one of his edited books was placed in 18th position out of forty top Sustainability books by Cambridge University Programme for Sustainability Leadership and in 2016 one of his books won the outstanding Business Reference Book of the year of the American Library Association. In 2018 he won a CSR Leadership Award in Cologne, Germany and in 2019 he won the 101 Most Impactful CSR Leaders Award in Mumbai, India. Samuel is on the Editorial Advisory Boards of the International Journal of Business Administration and Amfiteatru Economic Journal. He has been researching in the field of CSR since 1983 and has attended and presented papers at several national and international conferences and workshops on CSR. Samuel has made a number of keynote speeches at international conferences and workshops and written the foreword to a number of leading books in the field of CSR and Sustainable Development. And he has examined on a few PhD theses in the UK, Australia, South Africa, the Netherlands and New Zealand.

René Schmidpeter is Professor at BFH Bern (Switzerland) and research scientist at the  interdisciplinary academic faculty of the Parmenides Foundation in Munich. He is guest professor/lecturer in Germany, Austria, China, USA, India, Australia and England as well as series editor for Springer’s CSR, Sustainability, Ethics & Governance book series, editor of the Encyclopedia of Sustainable Management (ESM) and editor of the Dictionary of Corporate Social Responsibility (DCSR). His research and teaching activities focus on sustainable business transformation, international perspectives on sustainability, social innovation and sustainable entrepreneurship with special focus on the relationship between business and society. René serves as an expert and keynote speaker in many academic, economic and political steering committees as well as sustainability advisory boards. He is Vice President of the Global Corporate Governance Institute (GCGI) and Founder of M3TRIX / TETRANOMICS in Cologne and Munich, Germany.


Nicholas Capaldi is Legendre-Soulé Distinguished Chair in Business Ethics at Loyola University New Orleans, where he also serves as Director of the Center for Spiritual Capital. He is the founder and President of the Global Corporate Governance Institute. He received his B.A. from the University of Pennsylvania and his Ph.D. from Columbia University. His principal research and teaching interest is in public policy and its intersection with political science, philosophy, law, religion, and economics. He is the author of 8 books, over 100 articles, editor of ten anthologies, member of the editorial board of six journals, and has served as editor of Public Affairs Quarterly. He is Associate Editor of the Encyclopedia of Corporate Social Responsibility (Springer). His most recent book is Liberty and Equality in Political Economy: From Locke versus Rousseau to the Present. He is the author of the Cambridge intellectual biography John Stuart Mill. Currently, he is writing a book tentatively entitled the Anglo-American Conception of the Rule of Law.

Dr. Liangrong Zu is former senior United Nations official, founder of Global Youth Leadership Academy (GYLA) and Taoist Leadership Academy for Sustainability and Excellence (T-LASE), Vice President of China Institute for Responsible Management Education and Sustainable Development. Dr. Zu is specialist and consultant in corporate social responsibility (CSR), business ethics, systems & design thinking for sustainable development, social innovation & social entrepreneurship, Taoist leadership & management, and executive presence, etc. Dr. Zu holds PhD in business and management at Nottingham University Business School in United Kingdom. He received his master’s degree in economics of education from Beijing Normal University in China. 
Dr. Zu has authored and edited books with Springer, Emerald, Edward Elgar publishing, and Amazon. The Wisdom of the Tao: A Novel Translation of Tao Te Ching with Illustrations of Chinese Calligraphy in 2023 with Amazon; Responsible and Sustainable Business: Perspectives from Taoism’s Wisdom in 2022 with Springer”, “Responsible Management and Taoism: Overcoming Challenges in the VUCA Era in 2023 with Emerald; Encyclopedia of CSR in 2013 co-editor with Springer”, etc. 
Dr. Zu is currently dedicating himself to writing trilogy of youth leadership development: 
•Rising from Zero to Hero: Youth’s Journey to Unraveled Success in the VUCA World
•Rising Star: The GYLA Way to Cultivating 3Q and 3C in Youth as Future Global Leaders
•Rising from Hero to World-Changing Leaders: Transforming Youth’s Dream into Global Influence in the United Nations.

Mara Del Baldo is Associate Professor of Financial Accounting and Economics of Sustainability and Accountability at the University of Urbino (Italy), Department of Economics, Society and Politics, School of Economics. Her main research interests include, among others: Corporate Social Responsibility, entrepreneurs and SMEs’ business ethics; territorial responsibility; SMEs strategies of qualitative development and networking strategies; social and environmental accounting, financial reporting, integrated reporting and accounting and gender. She was Visiting professor at the University of Vigo (Spain), Department of Finances and Accounting, the New Bulgarian University of Sofia (Bulgaria), the Jurai Dobrila University of Pula (Croatia), the Corvinus University of Budapest (Hungary), The University of Craiova (Romania). She lectured on invitation in various Italian and foreign conferences and universities.  Mara is a member of several Italian (including SIDREA, AIDEA and SISR) and international scientific associations: European Council for Small Business - ECSB -, Centre for Social and Environmental Accounting Research - CSEAR - University of St Andrews, the SPES Institute (Spirituality in Economics and Society, Leuven - Belgium), the CRIMPI (Research Centre on Entrepreneurship and Small-medium firms (Italy), the AFECA (Association des Formations Européennes à la Comptabilité et à l’Audit), the Italian Network on Business Reporting (NIBR) and the European Business Ethics Network (EBEN Italy). Moreover, she is a member of the academic advisory committee in the Global Corporate Governance Institute (USA) and Global network member of Corporate Governance Experts Global Repository (Virtuesinterpress). She serves as editorial board member, associate editor and reviewer of various international scientific journals (i.e., Piccola Impresa/Small Business; International Journal of Society Systems Sciences-IJSSS; Journal of Business Administration Research-JBAR;  Journal of Modern Accounting and Auditing-IJMAA; International Journal of Business and Management –IJBM; Sustainability; Economics & Finance (REF); International Journal of Corporate Social Responsibility, China-USA Business Review and Chinese Business Review; Business Ethics and Leadership(BEL) Journal of Management Development;  Management Research Review (MRR); IJSESD International Journal of Social Ecology and Sustainable Development; JSBM Journal of Small Business Management). She serves as Editorial Board Member of the Dictionary of Corporate Social Responsibility (Springer, 2015). She published in several journals, such as Accounting History, Meditari Accountancy Research, European Journal of International Management, International Journal of Social Ecology and Sustainable Development, International Journal  Society Systems Science, Journal of Management and Governance, International Journal of Corporate Social Responsibility, among others. She authored several scientific publications, including articles, book chapters included in the Springer’s Series CSR, Sustainabiliy, Ethics & Governance) and conference proceedings. 

Rute Abreu is Professor in Accounting and Finance at the Instituto Politécnico da Guarda, Portugal, since 1990. Teaches financial analysis, corporate finance, schedule and appraisal investment, auditing, financial accounting, taxation, firm valuation and social responsibility management. Master degree in Industrial Engineering from the Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Portugal; PhD Degree in Accounting and Finance from the Universidad de Salamanca, Spain. Usually, develops activities with Social Responsibility Research Network and Global Corporate Governance Institute and research focus on CSR, corporate governance, accounting and firm valuation and it has been published in several journals. Also, participates on the blind review process for several journals and I help as Associated Editor on The Social Responsibility Journal. Regularly, develops scientific activities related with participation and organization, all over the world, conferences and meetings.  Since main objective, she promotes transfer to the society related with Tax Citizenship and Management Quality Systems in Social Economy.

Bibliographic Information