Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xviii
  2. United Nations Human Rights Institutions

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 23-23
    2. Anja Seibert-Fohr
      Pages 117-141
    3. Joanna Weschler, Lindiwe Knutson
      Pages 199-226
    4. Maria Victoria Cabrera-Ormaza
      Pages 227-249
    5. Yvonne Donders
      Pages 251-269
    6. Manfred Nowak
      Pages 271-290
    7. Kirsten Roberts Lyer
      Pages 291-315
  3. Human Rights Violations as Crimes: International Courts and Tribunals

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 317-317
    2. Miriam Cohen
      Pages 319-332
    3. Milena Sterio
      Pages 333-353
    4. Gentian Zyberi
      Pages 377-400

About this book


This book introduces readers to the major human rights institutions, courts, and tribunals and critically assesses their legacy as well as the promise they hold for realizing human rights globally, and the challenges they face in doing so. It traces the rationale of setting up international institutions, courts, and tribunals with the aim of ensuring respect for international human rights law and presents their historic development, and critically analyzes their contribution to the promotion and protection of human rights. At the same time, it asks which promises old and new (and envisaged) human rights institutions hold for safeguarding human rights in light of continuing violations and recent global trends in human rights and politics.

The first section presents institutions created within the framework of the United Nations. The second part of the volume assesses how international criminal tribunals have reframed human rights violations as individual criminal acts. The third part of the volume is devoted to established and emerging regional human rights bodies and courts around the world.


human rights tribunal international humanitarian law international criminal law International Criminal Court International Military Tribunal transitional justice truth and reconciliation commission gender equality Universal Declaration of Human Rights UN Human Rights Council UN High Commissioner for Human Rights UN Committee of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Nuremberg Trials Tokyo Trials European Court of Human Rights Inter-American Commission and Court of Human Rights African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights African Court of Justice and Human and Peoples' Rights Arab Human Rights Commission ASEAN Human Rights Commission

Editors and affiliations

  • Gerd Oberleitner
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of LawUniversity of GrazGrazAustria

About the editors

Gerd Oberleitner is UNESCO Chair in Human Rights and Human Security and Director of the European Training and Research Centre for Human Rights and Democracy at the University of Graz and Associate Professor of International Law at the Institute of International Law and International Relations, also at the University of Graz. He has served as Legal Adviser in the Human Rights Department of the Austrian Foreign Ministry, was Lecturer in Human Rights at the London School of Economics and Political Science and Visiting Fellow at the LSE’s Centre for the Study of Human Rights, and has taught and researched at the European Inter-University Centre in Venice, the Université du Quebéc à Montréal, the University of Ljubljana, Prishtina, and Rutgers University. He teaches in the Global Campus of Regional Human Rights Master Programmes.

Bibliographic information