Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xx
  2. Polymer Gels

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 1-1
    2. Andreas Voigt, Andreas Richter
      Pages 3-26
    3. Garima Agrawal, Andrij Pich
      Pages 27-52
    4. Thomas Wallmersperger, Peter Leichsenring
      Pages 53-81
    5. Martin Elstner, Andreas Richter
      Pages 83-99
    6. Bernhard Ferse, Luis Pedrero, Marcus Tietze, Andreas Richter
      Pages 101-127
  3. Ionic Polymer–Metal Composites

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 129-129
    2. Kinji Asaka, Kwang Kim, Keisuke Oguro, Mohsen Shahinpoor
      Pages 131-150
    3. Kwang Kim, Viljar Palmre, Jin-Han Jeon, Il-Kwon Oh
      Pages 151-170
    4. Kwang Kim, Viljar Palmre, David Pugal, Tyler Stalbaum, Zheng Chen, Xiaobo Tan et al.
      Pages 171-190
    5. Kinji Asaka, Kentaro Takagi, Norihiro Kamamichi, Youngsu Cha, Maurizio Porfiri
      Pages 191-214
    6. Kinji Asaka, Karl Kruusamäe, Kwang Kim, Viljar Palmre, Kam K. Leang
      Pages 215-233
  4. Conducting Polymers

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 235-235
    2. Toribio F. Otero, José G. Martínez
      Pages 237-255
    3. Gursel Alici, Rahim Mutlu, Daniel Melling, Edwin W. H. Jager, Keiichi Kaneto
      Pages 257-291
    4. Edwin W. H. Jager, Ali Maziz, Alexandre Khaldi
      Pages 293-318
    5. Daniel Melling, Edwin W. H. Jager
      Pages 319-351
    6. Meisam Farajollahi, Gursel Alici, Mirza Saquib Sarwar, John D. W. Madden
      Pages 353-383
    7. Keiichi Kaneto, Edwin W. H. Jager, Gursel Alici, Hidenori Okuzaki
      Pages 385-411
    8. José G. Martinez, Cedric Plesse, Frederic Vidal, Wen Zheng
      Pages 413-436
  5. Electroresponsive Carbon-Based Materials

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 437-437
    2. Janno Torop, Anna-Liisa Peikolainen, Alvo Aabloo, Mihkel Koel, Kinji Asaka, Ray H. Baughman
      Pages 439-454
    3. Javad Foroughi, Geoffrey M. Spinks, John D. W. Madden, Ray H. Baughman, Seon Jeong Kim
      Pages 455-470
  6. Piezoelectric and Electrostrictive Polymers

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 487-487
    2. Reimund Gerhard
      Pages 489-507
    3. Siegfried Bauer, Simona Bauer-Gogonea
      Pages 533-547
  7. Polymer Electrets and Ferroelectrets

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 549-549
    2. Ingrid Graz, Axel Mellinger
      Pages 551-560
    3. Michael Wübbenhorst, Xiaoqing Zhang, Tristan Putzeys
      Pages 591-623
    4. Dmitry Rychkov, Ruy Alberto Pisani Altafim
      Pages 645-659
    5. Simona Bauer-Gogonea, Siegfried Bauer, Richard Baumgartner, Alexander Kogler, Markus Krause, Reinhard Schwödiauer
      Pages 661-668
  8. Dielectric Elastomers

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 669-669
    2. Anne L. Skov, Qibing Pei, Dorina Opris, Richard J. Spontak, Giuseppe Gallone, Herbert Shea et al.
      Pages 687-714
    3. Helmut F. Schlaak, Massimiliano Gei, Eliana Bortot, Henry Haus, Holger Mößinger
      Pages 715-738
    4. Qibing Pei, Wei Hu, David McCoul, Silmon James Biggs, David Stadler, Federico Carpi
      Pages 739-765
    5. Herbert Shea, Soo Jin Adrian Koh, Ingrid Graz, Jun Shintake
      Pages 767-787
  9. Back Matter
    Pages 789-798

About this book


This book provides a comprehensive and clearly structured introduction to the broad field of transducers and artificial muscles based on electromechanically active polymers (EAP), the goal being to present basic concepts and established knowledge in an accessible form. Its tutorial style and structure make this book an easy-to-use reference guide for students, researchers and practitioners alike. Different sections cover all categories of EAP materials, with separate chapters addressing the fundamentals, materials, device configurations, models, and applications, as well as operative guidelines on how to get started in experimentation with electromechanically active polymers. The functional and structural properties of EAP transducers are described and explained, and their broad range of applications in optics, acoustics, haptics, fluidics, automotive systems, robotics, orthotics, medical tools, artificial organs and energy harvesting is illustrated.

Prepared under the aegis of the ‘European Scientific Network for Artificial Muscles’, the book is the product of extensive collaborative efforts led by European researchers and involving respected experts from around the globe.


Actuators, Mechano-electrical sensors and Energy Harvesters Dielectric Elastomers Electrically-driven Active Strains or Stresses Electronic EAPs European Scientific Network for Artificial Muscles ESNAM Handbook of Artificial Muscles Introduction to Electroactive Polymers Ionic EAPs Smart Materials for Electromechanical Transduction Soft Robotics

Editors and affiliations

  • Federico Carpi
    • 1
  1. 1.School Engineering & Materials ScienceQueen Mary University of LondonLondonUnited Kingdom

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