Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Paolo Becchi
    Pages 1-36
  3. Arta Vorpsi
    Pages 37-61
  4. Paolo Becchi
    Pages 63-70
  5. Anna Gamper
    Pages 71-91
  6. Koen Lemmens
    Pages 93-112
  7. Damir Banović
    Pages 113-128
  8. Martin Belov
    Pages 129-149
  9. Biljana Kostadinov
    Pages 151-171
  10. Charis Papacharalambous
    Pages 173-196
  11. Jaroslav Benák, Ladislav Vyhnánek, David Zahumenský
    Pages 197-210
  12. Antoni Abat Ninet
    Pages 211-227
  13. Tanel Kerikmäe, Kristi Joamets
    Pages 229-244
  14. Tuomas Ojanen
    Pages 245-258
  15. Régis Lanneau
    Pages 259-280
  16. Christoph Enders
    Pages 281-318
  17. Ioannis A. Tassopoulos
    Pages 363-391
  18. Gergely Deli, István Kukorelli
    Pages 393-414
  19. Ragnhildur Helgadóttir
    Pages 415-429
  20. Elaine Dewhurst
    Pages 431-451
  21. Paolo Becchi
    Pages 453-470
  22. Qerim Qerimi, Ilir Dugolli
    Pages 471-477
  23. Dita Plepa, Jānis Pleps
    Pages 479-503
  24. Cyrus Beck
    Pages 505-524
  25. Darijus Beinoravičius, Milda Vainiutė
    Pages 525-537
  26. Jörg Gerkrath, Maria Pichou
    Pages 539-571
  27. David Edward Zammit, Mary Muscat
    Pages 573-604
  28. Régis Lanneau
    Pages 605-615
  29. Duška Franeta
    Pages 617-641
  30. Jan-Peter Loof
    Pages 643-666
  31. Renata Treneska-Deskoska
    Pages 667-682
  32. Dina Lupin Townsend
    Pages 683-696
  33. Marta Soniewicka, Justyna Holocher
    Pages 697-718
  34. João Carlos Loureiro
    Pages 719-744
  35. Maria Lia Pop
    Pages 745-769
  36. Tania Cucè
    Pages 771-777
  37. Duška Franeta
    Pages 779-797
  38. Tomáš Ľalík
    Pages 799-815
  39. Sebastian Nerad
    Pages 817-850
  40. Alberto Oehling
    Pages 851-867
  41. Mona Haghgou Strindberg
    Pages 869-882
  42. Klaus Mathis, Balz Hammer
    Pages 883-932
  43. Vincenzo Pacillo, Emilia Lazzarini
    Pages 933-941
  44. Sebastian Heselhaus
    Pages 943-967
  45. Sebastian Heselhaus, Ralph Hemsley
    Pages 969-992
  46. Back Matter
    Pages 993-1012

About this book


This handbook provides a systematic overview of the legal concept and the meaning of human dignity for each European state and the European Union. For each of these 43 countries and the EU, it scrutinizes three main aspects: the constitution, legislation, and application of law (court rulings). The book addresses and presents answers to important questions relating to the concept of human dignity. These questions include the following: What is the meaning of human dignity? What is the legal status of the respective human dignity norms? Are human dignity norms of a programmatic nature, or do they establish an individual right which can be invoked before court? Is human dignity inviolable? The volume answers these questions from the perspectives of all European countries.

As a reaction to the barbaric events during World War II, human dignity (dignitas) found its way into international law. Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) states that “[a]ll human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.” The starting point for developing the concept on a national level was the codification of human dignity in article 1, paragraph 1 of the German Grundgesetz. Consequently, the concept of human dignity spread throughout Europe and, in the context of human rights, became a fundamental legal concept.


Inalienable Right Legal theory Human Dignity in Europe European state and the European Union Meaning of human dignity Human Rights Is human dignity inviolable Universal Declaration of Human Rights Human dignity Legal Doctrines of the Rule of Law Legal State Rechtsstaat Human Dignity Norms of human dignity Individual Rights Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) European Legal Culture Codification of Human Dignity Human rights Fundamental legal concept

Editors and affiliations

  • Paolo Becchi
    • 1
  • Klaus Mathis
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of LawUniversity of GenoaGenoaItaly
  2. 2.Faculty of LawUniversity of LucerneLucerneSwitzerland

Bibliographic information