Potential Benefits of the Transgenic Control of Plant Viruses in the United Kingdom

  • Ian Barker
  • Christine M. Henry
  • Miles R. Thomas
  • Rebecca Stratford
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology™ book series (MIMB, volume 81)

Abstract

Much has been written on the possible risks arising from the use of virus-resistant transgenic crop plants but little of the benefits that might result. Many of the potential benefits are self-evident and relate to improved disease control, but others are less so and arise from such indirect effects as reductions in insecticide usage for the control of insect transmitted viruses. This paper attempts to discuss and (where possible) quantify possible benefits from transgenic approaches in relation to UK crop protection, but is in nature speculative as, to date, no such crops are in commercial production in the United Kingdom.

References

  1. 1.
    Campbell, L. H. and Cook, A. S. (eds.) (1997) Indirect Effects of Pesticides on Birds. Joint Nature Conservation Council, Peterborough, UK.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Potts G. R. (1986) The Partridge: Pesticides, Predation and Conservation. Collins, London, UK.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Pesticide Usage Survey Report 108: Arable Farm Crops in Great Britain (1992) M.A.F.F., London, UK.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Pesticide Usage Survey Report 127: Arable Farm Crops in Great Britain (1994) M.A.F.F., London, UK.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    The BMA Guide to Pesticides, Chemicals and Health (1992) British Medical Association. Edward Arnold.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Hallenbeck, W. H. and Cunningham-Burns, K. M. (1985) Pesticides and Human Health. Springer Verlag.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Adams, M. J. and Hill, S. A. (1992) Soil-Borne Viruses of Cereals: The UK Situation. Home Grown Cereal Authority Leaflet.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Adams, M. J., Overthrow, R., and Carver, M. F. F. (1996) Effects of cultivar and sowing date on the incidence of barley mosaic viruses and on yield. Proc. of the Third Symposium of the International Group on Plant Viruses with fun gal vectors (Sherwood, J. L. and Rush, C. M., eds.), Dundeep, American Society of Sugar Beet Technologists, Denver, CO.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Huth, W. (1989) Management of yellow mosaic inducing viruses on barley by selection of resistant cultivars. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin 19, 547–553.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Adams, M. J. (1991) The distribution of barley yellow mosaic virus (BaYMV) and barley mild mosaic virus (BMMV) in UK winter barley samples 1987–1990. Plant Pathol. 40, 53–58.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Harori, D. J., Fouchard, M., and Lapierre, H. (1990) Resistance to barley yellow mosaic virus and barley mild mosaic virus in barley. Proceedings of the First Symposium of the International Working Group on Plant Viruses with Fungal Vectors, Braunschweig, pp. 109–112.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ordon, F. and Friedt, W. (1993) Mode of inheritance and genetic diversity of BaMMV resistance of exotic barley germplasms carrying genes different from ‘ym4’. Theoretical Appl. Genet. 86, 229–233.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Henry, C. M. (1996) Rhizomania—its effect on sugar beet in the UK. Brit. Sugar Beet Rev. 69, 24–26.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Henry, C. M., Bell, G. J., and Hill, S. A. (1992) The effect of methyl bromide fumigation on rhizomania inoculum in the field. Plant Pathol. 41, 483–489.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Dawson, G. W., Griffiths, D. C., Hassanali, A., Pickett, J. A., Plumb, R. T., Pye, B. J., Smart, L. W., and Woodcock, C. M. (1986) Antifeedants: a new concept for control of BYDV in winter cereals. Proceedings: 1986 British Crop Protection Council Conference—Pests and Diseases 3, 1001–1008.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    King, J. E. (1977) The incidence and economic significance of diseases in England and Wales. Proceedings: 1977 British Crop Protection Council Conference—Pests and Diseases 3, 677–687.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Catherall, P. L. and Parry, A. L. (1987) Effects of barley yellow dwarf virus on some varieties of Italian, hybrid and perennial ryegrasses and their implication for grass breeders. Plant Pathol. 36, 148–153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Barker, I. (1990) Barley yellow dwarf in Britain, in World Perspectives on Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus (Burnett, P., ed.), CIMMYT, Mexico, pp. 39–41.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Holmes, S. J. (1985) Barley yellow dwarf virus in ryegrass and its detection by ELISA. Plant Pathol. 34, 214–220.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Plumb, R.T. (1986) A rational approach to the control of barley yellow dwarf virus. J. Royal Agri. Soc. Engl. 147, 162–171.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Schaller, C. W., Qualset, C. O., and Rutger, J. N. (1964) Inheritance and linkage of the Yd2 gene conditioning resistance to the barley yellow dwarf virus in barley. Crop Science 4, 544–548.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Comeau, A. and Plourde, A. (1987) Cell tissue culture and intergenic hybridisation for barley yellow dwarf virus in wheat. Can. J. Plant Pathol. 9, 188–192.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Xu, S. J., Banks, P. M., Dong, Y. S., Zhou, R. H., and Larkin, P. J. I. (1994) Evaluation of Chinese Triticae for resistance to barley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV). Genet. Res. Crop Evolution 41, 35–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    McGuire, P. E. (1984) Status of an attempt to transfer the barley yellow dwarf virus resistance gene Yd2 of barley to hexaploid wheat, in Barley Yellow Dwarf (Burnett, P. ed.), CIMMYT, Mexico, pp. 113–119.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Valkonen, J. P. T. (1994) Natural genes and mechanisms for resistance to viruses in cultivated and wild potato species (Solanum spp.). Plant Breeding 112, 1–15.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Jones, R. A. C. (1979) Resistance to potato leaf roll virus in Solanum brevidens. Potato Res. 22, 149–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Humana Press Inc. 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ian Barker
    • 1
  • Christine M. Henry
    • 1
  • Miles R. Thomas
    • 1
  • Rebecca Stratford
    • 2
  1. 1.CSLHatching GreenUK
  2. 2.PBICambridgeUK

Personalised recommendations