Plant Cell Culture Protocols pp 357-368
Methods for Regeneration and Transformation in Eschscholzia californica
Eschscholzia californica Cham. (California poppy) is a plant species that accumulates pharmacologically active alkaloids biosynthetically related to the morphinan alkaloids of Papaver somniferum. This, in combination with the relative ease with which it is propagated in vitro, makes it a key model for benzylisoquinoline biosynthesis. Transformation techniques are an important tool for these studies and for metabolic engineering attempts. Agrobacterium mediated transformation techniques for this model species have been developed in our lab and used for modulation of transcript levels relevant to the biosynthesis of these alkaloids. Here we describe the techniques used in our lab for production of transgenic callus, hairy root cultures, and whole plants.