Apoptosis Methods and Protocols pp 179-189
Measuring Programmed Cell Death in Plants
Methods for the detection of programmed cell death (PCD) in plants are reviewed with references for different biochemical, microscopic, and molecular assays. A detailed description of three different methods for the detection of biotic or abiotic PCD in plant tissues is included. The reader is encouraged to use all three methods in parallel to obtain a reliable measure of PCD. Critical considerations are highlighted.