Recombinant Gene Expression

Volume 267 of the series Methods in Molecular Biology pp 277-286

High-Throughput Expression in Microplate Format in Pichia pastoris

  • Mewes BöttnerAffiliated withBerlin Technical University, Institute for Biotechnology
  • , Christine LangAffiliated withBerlin Technical University, Institute for Biotechnology

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The methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris has become a powerful host for the heterologous expression of proteins. To serve the increasing demand for clones expressing different cDNAs, we developed a cultivation and induction protocol amenable to automation to increase the number of clones screened for protein expression. Therefore cDNAs are cloned for intracellular expression. The resulting fusion proteins carry affinity tags (6*HIS and StrepII, respectively) at the N- and C-terminus for the immunological detection and chromatographic purification of full-length proteins. Expression is controlled by the tightly regulated and highly inducible alcohol oxidase 1 (AOX1) promoter. The screening procedure is based on a culture volume of 2 mL in a 24-well format. Lysis of the cells occurs via chemical lysis without mechanical disruption. Using the optimized feeding and induction protocol, we are now able to screen for and identify expression clones that produce heterologous protein with a yield of 2 mg per L culture volume or higher.

Key Words

Pichia pastoris posttranslational modifications expression screening microplates AOX1 promoter