Measurement of Phospholipid Metabolism in Intact Neutrophils
Phospholipid-metabolizing enzymes are important participants in neutrophil signal transduction pathways. The methods discussed herein describe assays for assessing the activities of phospholipase A2 (PLA2), phospholipase C (PLC), phospholipase D (PLD), and phosphoinositide 3-OH-kinase in intact neutrophils. PLA2 activity is measured as the release of radiolabeled arachidonic acid. PLC activity is measured as the accumulation of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3), a water-soluble product, using a commercially available radioreceptor assay kit. PLD activity is measured as the appearance of its radiolabeled products, phosphatidic acid and phosphatidylethanol. PI3-K activity is measured as the appearance of its radiolabeled product, phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate.
KeywordsNeutrophil Phospholipase Lipid kinase Phospholipid Signal transduction Lipid second messengers
Development of the phospholipase D assay was partially supported by National Institutes of Health grant R01 AI-22564 to L.C.M.
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