Spinning Disk Confocal Imaging of Neutrophil Migration in Zebrafish

  • Pui-ying Lam
  • Robert S. Fischer
  • William D. Shin
  • Clare M. Waterman
  • Anna Huttenlocher
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 1124)


Live-cell imaging techniques have been substantially improved due to advances in confocal microscopy instrumentation coupled with ultrasensitive detectors. The spinning disk confocal system is capable of generating images of fluorescent live samples with broad dynamic range and high temporal and spatial resolution. The ability to acquire fluorescent images of living cells in vivo on a millisecond timescale allows the dissection of biological processes that have not previously been visualized in a physiologically relevant context. In vivo imaging of rapidly moving cells such as neutrophils can be technically challenging. In this chapter, we describe the practical aspects of imaging neutrophils in zebrafish embryos using spinning disk confocal microscopy. Similar setups can also be applied to image other motile cell types and signaling processes in translucent animals or tissues.


Spinning disk Confocal microscopy Neutrophils Migration In vivo imaging Zebrafish 



Dr. Benjamin Ng (Carl Zeiss) has provided valuable advice on the SDCM setup. This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health (grant number GM074827) to A. H. and the Hong Kong Croucher Foundation, Joint Universities Summer Teaching Laboratory (JUSTL) program to P-Y.L.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pui-ying Lam
    • 1
  • Robert S. Fischer
    • 2
  • William D. Shin
    • 2
  • Clare M. Waterman
    • 2
  • Anna Huttenlocher
    • 3
  1. 1.Program in Cellular and Molecular BiologyUniversity of Wisconsin-MadisonMadisonUSA
  2. 2.Cell Biology and Physiology CenterNational Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA
  3. 3.Departments of Pediatrics and PharmacologyUniversity of Wisconsin Medical SchoolMadisonUSA

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