Sequence Selective Recognition of Double-Stranded RNA Using Triple Helix-Forming Peptide Nucleic Acids
Noncoding RNAs are attractive targets for molecular recognition because of the central role they play in gene expression. Since most noncoding RNAs are in a double-helical conformation, recognition of such structures is a formidable problem. Herein, we describe a method for sequence-selective recognition of biologically relevant double-helical RNA (illustrated on ribosomal A-site RNA) using peptide nucleic acids (PNA) that form a triple helix in the major grove of RNA under physiologically relevant conditions. Protocols for PNA preparation and binding studies using isothermal titration calorimetry are described in detail.
Key wordsDouble-stranded RNA Peptide nucleic acids (PNA) Triple helix Isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC)
This work was supported by NIH grant GM071461 and Binghamton University.