Dopamine pp 275-294 | Cite as

Real-Time Chemical Measurements of Dopamine Release in the Brain

  • James G. Roberts
  • Leyda Z. Lugo-Morales
  • Philip L. Loziuk
  • Leslie A. SombersEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 964)


Rapid changes in extracellular dopamine concentrations in freely moving or anesthetized rats can be detected using fast-scan cyclic voltammetry (FSCV). Background-subtracted FSCV is a real-time electrochemical technique that can monitor neurochemical transmission in the brain on a subsecond timescale, while providing chemical information on the analyte. Also, this voltammetric approach allows for the investigation of the kinetics of release and uptake of molecules in the brain. This chapter describes, completely, how to make these measurements and the properties of FSCV that make it uniquely suitable for performing chemical measurements of dopaminergic neurotransmission in vivo.

Key words

Fast scan cyclic voltammetry In vivo Electrochemistry Carbon fiber microelectrode 



This work was funded in part by grants from the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation, and NCSU Department of Chemistry. In addition, we gratefully acknowledge our coworkers, past and present, for the studies cited in this review.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • James G. Roberts
    • 1
  • Leyda Z. Lugo-Morales
    • 1
  • Philip L. Loziuk
    • 1
  • Leslie A. Sombers
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryNorth Carolina State UniversityRaleighUSA

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