Phytoplasma pp 233-244 | Cite as

T-RFLP for Detection and Identification of Phytoplasmas in Plants

  • Jennifer HodgettsEmail author
  • Matt Dickinson
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 938)


Conventionally, detection of phytoplasmas has been performed by PCR of the 16S rRNA gene, followed by either RFLP or DNA sequencing to determine the phytoplasma 16Sr group. This chapter demonstrates the technique of terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (T-RFLP), a fingerprinting technique which combines both detection and identification in a single method, with the added benefit of inbuilt controls which removes the risk of false negative results and in addition highlights potential false positive results.

Key words

T-RFLP Diagnostics 23S rRNA gene 16Sr group identification 



This work was completed as part of a Defra Plant Health Fellowship for JH. We would also like to thank all individuals and organizations that have provided us with phytoplasma DNA/infected plant samples to enable us to validate the assay.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Food and Environment Research AgencyYorkUK
  2. 2.School of BiosciencesUniversity of NottinghamNottinghamUK

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