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Micropropagation of Asparagus by In Vitro Shoot Culture

Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB,volume 994)

Abstract

Asparagus officinalis is most extensively studied species within the genus Asparagus, which is well known as garden asparagus. This species is dioecious with unisexual flowers, which means that generative propagation gives roughly equal number of male and female plants. Male plants are high yielders and preferred commercially over female plants. Tissue culture techniques could efficiently promote vegetative propagation of male plants and pave the way for efficient plant breeding.

This chapter describes an efficient micropropagation protocol for developing rapid growing in vitro Asparagus shoot cultures. The source of explants, inoculation, and shoot proliferation, followed by shoot propagation, rooting, and acclimatization is described. The optimal medium for Asparagus micropropagation described in this chapter is composed of MS macro- and microelements and a combination of auxins and cytokinins. Plant growth regulators NAA, kinetin, and BA were used in various concentrations. Three different media representing the whole micropropagation protocol of Asparagus are described; medium for shoot initiation, medium for shoot multiplication, and medium for root formation. By in vitro propagation of Asparagus, root initiation is difficult, but can be promoted by adding growth retardant ancymidol which also greatly promotes shoot development and suppresses callus formation.

Key words

  • Acclimatization
  • Ancymidol
  • Asparagus officinalis
  • Micropropagation
  • Shoot initiation
  • Rooting

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Correspondence to Nataša Štajner .

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Štajner, N. (2012). Micropropagation of Asparagus by In Vitro Shoot Culture. In: Lambardi, M., Ozudogru, E., Jain, S. (eds) Protocols for Micropropagation of Selected Economically-Important Horticultural Plants. Methods in Molecular Biology, vol 994. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-62703-074-8_27

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-62703-074-8_27

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  • Publisher Name: Humana Press, Totowa, NJ

  • Print ISBN: 978-1-62703-073-1

  • Online ISBN: 978-1-62703-074-8

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