Sporozoites, the stage of Plasmodium infectious to vertebrates when injected in the skin by a mosquito vector, are highly motile cells. Their unusual form of gliding motility is essential for infectivity, allowing the parasite to travel through both the mosquito and mammalian hosts, invading different cell types and escaping immune cell-mediated death. In this chapter, we describe techniques to study gliding motility of sporozoites in vitro and in vivo.
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We thank Pauline Formaglio and Laura Schnettger for reading and discussing the manuscript.
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