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Synthesis, Conjugation, and Labeling of Multifunctional pRNA Nanoparticles for Specific Delivery of siRNA, Drugs, and Other Therapeutics to Target Cells

  • Peixuan Guo
  • Yi Shu
  • Daniel Binzel
  • Mathieu CinierEmail author
Protocol
  • 2.1k Downloads
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 928)

Abstract

RNA is unique in nanoscale fabrication due to its amazing diversity of function and structure. RNA nanoparticles can be fabricated with a level of simplicity characteristic of DNA while possessing versatile tertiary structure and catalytic function similar to that of proteins. A large variety of single stranded loops are suitable for inter- and intramolecular interactions, serving as mounting dovetails in self-assembly without the need for external linking dowels. Novel properties of RNA nanoparticles have been explored for treatment and detection of diseases and various other realms. The higher thermodynamic stability, holding of noncanonical base pairing, stronger folding due to base stacking properties, and distinctive in vivo attributes make RNA unique in comparison to DNA. Indeed, the potential application of RNA nanotechnology in therapeutics is an exciting area of research.

The use of RNAi in biomedical research has opened up new possibilities to silence or regulate the biological function of individual genes. Small interfering RNA (siRNA) has been extensively explored to genetically manipulate the expression in vitro and in vivo of particular genes identified to play a key role in cancerous or viral diseases. However, the efficient silencing of the desired gene depends upon efficient delivery of siRNA to targeted cells, as well as in vivo stability. In this chapter, we use the bacteriophage phi29 motor pRNA-derived nanocarrier as a polyvalent targeted delivery system, introduce the potential of RNA-based therapeutics using nanobiotechnology or nanotechnology methods with the fabrication and modification of pRNA nanoparticles, and highlight its potential to become a valuable research tool and viable clinical approach for gene therapy.

Key words

Bacteriophage phi29 Nanomotors RNA nanotechnology Nanobiotechnology Bottom-up assembly pRNA nanoparticle RNAi Cell-type specific delivery Viral DNA packaging motor Viral assembly 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by NIH grants EB003730, GM059944, and CA151648. We also thank Dr. Randall Reif for helpful discussion and reading of the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peixuan Guo
    • 1
  • Yi Shu
    • 1
  • Daniel Binzel
    • 1
  • Mathieu Cinier
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Nanobiomedical CenterUniversity of CincinnatiCincinnatiUSA

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