Immunogenetics pp 415-430 | Cite as

KIR Typing by Non-Sequencing Methods: Polymerase-Chain Reaction with Sequence-Specific Primers

  • David Ordóñez
  • Manuela Moraru
  • Natalia Gómez-Lozano
  • Elisa Cisneros
  • Carlos Vilches
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 882)


The killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR), which enable NK cells to detect allogeneic target cells and abnormalities in the expression of self-HLA molecules, are encoded by genes that display extensive copy number variation. These variations in the KIR genotype are relevant for multiple aspects of human health, including therapy of cancer. PCR with sequence-specific primers (SSP) is simplest and most widely used among techniques for studying KIR genotypes. Here, we present a protocol that details the critical steps of a method for KIR genotyping by PCR-SSP.

Key words

Alloreactivity Copy number variation Electrophoresis Genotyping Killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptors Hemopoietic transplant HLA Natural killer cells PCR Quality assurance 



This work was supported by grant SAF2010-22153-C03-03 from the Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación. DO was supported by a grant from “Fundación LAIR”. NGL is supported by a grant from Instituto de Salud Carlos III (CP09/182). The authors have no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Ordóñez
    • 1
  • Manuela Moraru
    • 1
  • Natalia Gómez-Lozano
    • 1
  • Elisa Cisneros
    • 1
  • Carlos Vilches
    • 1
  1. 1.Inmunogenética—HLAHospital Universitario Puerta de HierroMajadahondaSpain

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