Assessing Signal-to-Noise in Quantitative Proteomics: Multivariate Statistical Analysis in DIGE Experiments

  • David B. FriedmanEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 854)


All quantitative proteomics experiments measure variation between samples. When performing large-scale experiments that involve multiple conditions or treatments, the experimental design should include the appropriate number of individual biological replicates from each condition to enable the distinction between a relevant biological signal from technical noise. Multivariate statistical analyses, such as principal component analysis (PCA), provide a global perspective on experimental variation, thereby enabling the assessment of whether the variation describes the expected biological signal or the unanticipated technical/biological noise inherent in the system. Examples will be shown from high-resolution multivariable DIGE experiments where PCA was instrumental in demonstrating biologically significant variation as well as sample outliers, fouled samples, and overriding technical variation that would not be readily observed using standard univariate tests.

Key words

DIGE Principal component analysis Multivariate statistics Variation Technical replicates Biological replicates 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Proteomics Laboratory, Mass Spectrometry Research CenterVanderbilt University School of MedicineNashvilleUSA

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