Genomic Structural Variants pp 97-113

Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 838)

Copy Number Variation and Psychiatric Disease Risk

  • Rebecca J. Levy
  • Bin Xu
  • Joseph A. Gogos
  • Maria Karayiorgou
Protocol

Abstract

Psychiatric disorders are multifactorial in nature with complex genetic architecture. A number of recent studies, building upon earlier findings of copy number variants (CNVs) at the 22q11.2 locus, suggest that rare CNVs represent an important component of genetic heterogeneity in the etiology of complex psychiatric diseases, such as schizophrenia. De novo CNVs are found with higher frequency among sporadic cases, whereas inherited CNVs are enriched among familial cases. Despite substantial progress, a number of challenges remain, such as pinpointing causative relationships between specific gene(s) affected by CNVs and disease phenotypes as well as distinguishing abnormal structural mutations from neutral polymorphisms and establishing a clear association between individual pathogenic CNV and disease phenotypes.

Key words

Schizophrenia Copy number variants 22q11.2 Microdeletion Rare allele 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rebecca J. Levy
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bin Xu
    • 1
    • 3
  • Joseph A. Gogos
    • 3
    • 4
  • Maria Karayiorgou
    • 1
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryColumbia University Medical CenterNew YorkUSA
  2. 2.Doctoral Program in Neurobiology and BehaviorColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Department of Physiology and Cellular BiophysicsColumbia University Medical CenterNew YorkUSA
  4. 4.Department of NeuroscienceColumbia University Medical CenterNew YorkUSA
  5. 5.New York State Psychiatric InstituteNew YorkUSA

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