Glycosaminoglycan Chain Analysis and Characterization (Glycosylation/Epimerization)

  • Shuji Mizumoto
  • Kazuyuki SugaharaEmail author
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 836)


Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) including chondroitin sulfate (CS), dermatan sulfate (DS), and heparan sulfate/heparin (HS/Hep) are linear polysaccharides and involved in the regulation of various biological events through interaction with functional proteins. GAGs are modified by sulfation at various positions of each saccharide residue and the epimerization of uronic acid residues during the chain’s biosynthesis, resulting in enormous structural diversity. This structural diversity is the basis for the wide range of biological activities of GAGs. Thus, the structural analysis of GAGs is key to understanding their biological functions. This chapter describes detailed instructions for the extraction and structural analysis of GAGs from cultured cells and tissues using a combination of GAG-degrading enzymes and high-performance liquid chromatography.

Key words

Glycosaminoglycans Chondroitin sulfate Dermatan sulfate Heparan sulfate Heparin Hyaluronan Proteoglycan Chondroitinase Heparinase Heparitinase 



This work was supported in part by Grants-in-Aid for Young Scientists (B) 23790066 (to S.M.) from Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Japan, and Future Drug Discovery and Medical Care Innovation Program (to K.S.) from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology of Japan (MEXT).


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Proteoglycan Signaling and Therapeutics, Frontier Research Center for Post-Genomic Science and TechnologyHokkaido UniversitySapporoJapan

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