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The Female Urine Sniffing Test (FUST) of Reward-Seeking Behavior

  • Oz Malkesman
Protocol
Part of the Neuromethods book series (NM, volume 63)

Abstract

Abnormal reward-seeking behavior is a key feature in several psychiatric and neuroscience diseases. Though there are numerous paradigms for measuring reward-seeking behavior in rodents, each has limitations that affect the ability of the researcher to make conclusions on the reward-seeking behavior per se. Here, we describe a novel approach for monitoring reward-seeking behavior in rodents: the female urine-sniffing test (FUST). Lately, we found that sniffing of estrus female urine by male mice is a preferred activity of numerous mice strains and rats. In addition, this preferred activity was found to be accompanied by biological changes linked to hedonic and rewarding activities. The FUST was also been found to be sensitive to behavioral and genetic manipulation and to drug treatment related to depression and mania.

Key words

Hedonia Reward-seeking behavior Sniffing Estrus female urine 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Molecular Pathophysiology, Intramural Research ProgramNational Institute of Mental Health, National Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA

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