Quantitative Analysis of the Enzymes Associated with 5-Fluorouracil Metabolism in Prostate Cancer Biopsies

  • Tomoaki Tanaka
Part of the Methods in Molecular Biology book series (MIMB, volume 755)


Orotate phosphoribosyl transferase (OPRT) is the initial enzyme of 5-FU activation, in which 5-FU is converted to 5-fluorouridinemonophosphate. Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) is a degrading enzyme that catabolizes 5-FU. In this study, we investigated the expression of these enzymes in normal prostate gland (NP), hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (HSPC), and hormone-refractory prostate cancer (HRPC). The prostatic tissue specimens were obtained from patients who had undergone prostate needle biopsies without any treatments or with PSA failure after initial androgen deprivation. The tissue samples derived from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) sections were prepared by laser-capture microdissection, and from them RNA was extracted. The levels of OPRT and DPD mRNA expression were examined by quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The level of OPRT mRNA expression in the HSPC or the HRPC specimens was significantly higher than that in the NP specimens. There was a significant correlation between OPRT mRNA expression levels and the tumor pathological grade. Furthermore, the OPRT/ DPD expression ratio, a powerful predictive factor to evaluate 5-FU sensitivity, in the HRPC group was significantly higher than that in the low-grade HSPC group. Thus, the quantitative evaluation for these enzymes based on phosphorylation of 5-FU may be an effective option for some prostate cancer patients, particularly HRPC group.

Key words

Prostate cancer 5-FU Orotate phosphoribosyl transferase Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase Laser-cutting microdissection RT-PCR 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of UrologyOsaka City University Graduate School of MedicineOsakaJapan

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